Iyasu III

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Iyasu III
Emperor of Ethiopia
Reign 16 February 1784 – 24 April 1788
Predecessor Tekle Giyorgis I
Successor Tekle Giyorgis I
House House of Solomon
Father Abeto Azequ
Religion Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo

Iyasu III or Joshua III was nəgusä nägäst (16 February 1784 – 24 April 1788) of Ethiopia, and a member of the Solomonic dynasty. He was the son of Abeto Azequ, and the grandson of Iyasu II.[1]

He was set upon the throne by a number of high nobles, and after the generals swore their allegiance to him in the presence of the Abuna Yosab and the Ichege, Iyasu made a number of promotions foremost of which were: Qegnazmach Tsadalu was made Ras Betwodded, Ras Haile Yosadiq governor of Gojjam and the Agaw, Balambaras Ali Dejazmach of Begemder, and Dejazmach Wolde Gabriel was released from his chains and made Dajazmach of Tigray.[1] His reign of four years was disrupted by feuds between Wolde Selassie, Ras Haile Yosadiq, and others.

According to E.A. Wallis Budge, one of the governors deposed Iyasu, who shortly afterwards died from smallpox.[2] However, according to the contemporary account of the Royal chronicle, not long after Dejazmach Ali brought Tekle Giyorgis I back from exile at Ambassel and restored him to the throne, Ras Haile Yosadiq marched from Gojjam on Gondar, intending to restore Iyasu. Although Ras Haile entered the city with his candidate, Tekle Giyorgis having carefully fled beforehand, when Dejazmach Ali responded by marching on Gondar, Ras Haile abandoned Iyasu, and Dejazmach Guebra was forced to escort Iyasu to safety in Tigray.[3] After the defeat of Ras Haile Yosadiq's alliance at Madab later in 1788, one of the individuals captured by the victorious Dejazmach Ali was Iyasu.[4] In any case, according to Henry Salt, Iyasu had died by 1810.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b H. Weld Blundell, The Royal chronicle of Abyssinia, 1769-1840 (Cambridge: University Press, 1922), p. 342
  2. ^ Wallis Budge, A History of Ethiopia: Nubia and Abyssinia, 1928 (Oosterhout, the Netherlands: Anthropological Publications, 1970), p. 478
  3. ^ Weld Blundell, Royal chronicle, pp. 373f
  4. ^ Weld Blundell, Royal chronicle, p. 389
  5. ^ Henry Salt, A Voyage to Abyssinia and Travels into the Interior of that Country, 1814 (London: Frank Cass, 1967), p. 474.
Preceded by
Tekle Giyorgis I
Emperor of Ethiopia
1784–1788
Succeeded by
Tekle Giyorgis I