Izadkhvast

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For the administrative subdivisions, see Izadkhvast District and Izadkhvast Rural District. For the village in Shiraz County, see Izad Khvast, Shiraz.
Izadkhvast
ايزدخواست
city
Samanid caravanserai in Izadkhast.
Samanid caravanserai in Izadkhast.
Izadkhvast is located in Iran
Izadkhvast
Izadkhvast
Coordinates: 31°30′58″N 52°07′26″E / 31.51611°N 52.12389°E / 31.51611; 52.12389Coordinates: 31°30′58″N 52°07′26″E / 31.51611°N 52.12389°E / 31.51611; 52.12389
Country  Iran
Province Fars
County Abadeh
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 7,366
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0752-226

Izadkhvast (Persian: ايزدخواست‎‎, also Romanized as Īzadkhvāst and Īzad Khvast; also known as Īzad Khast, Yazd-e Khāst, Yazd-e Khvāst, and Yezd-i-Khast; also known as Samīrum)[1] is a city in the Central District of Abadeh County, Fars Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,366, in 1,803 families.[2]

It is the first town in Fars Province on the Isfahan-Shiraz Highway.

The Complex of Izadkhast is located in the Fars Province of Iran, roughly 135 km south of Isfahan. The complex consists of Izadkhast Castle, a caravanserai, and a Safavid-period bridge.[3] The castle structure is of particular interest due to the different architectural styles incorporated into the construction of the building, including Sassanid and Qajar periods. Indeed, the architecture of the castle is unique to Izadkhast, and only comparisons in building materials can be made to other sites in the region.[4]

History[edit]

In 1779 Zaki Khan of the Zand Dynasty committed such atrocities here that his own men decided to murder him.[5]

World Heritage Status[edit]

This site was added to the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List on August 9, 2007 in the Cultural category.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Izadkhvast can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3067323" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ The Complex of Izadkhast - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  4. ^ The Complex of Izadkhast - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  5. ^ W. William Bayne Fisher; P. Avery; G. R. G. Hambly; C. Melville (10 October 1991). The Cambridge History of Iran. VII. Cambridge University Press. p. 93. ISBN 978-0-521-20095-0. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  6. ^ The Complex of Izadkhast - UNESCO World Heritage Centre Accessed 2009-02-26