Izhevsk Mechanical Plant

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Izhevsk Mechanical Plant
Unitary enterprise
FateMerged with Izhmash to form Kalashnikov Concern
PredecessorPlant 622
FoundedIzhevsk, USSR July 20, 1942 (1942-07-20)
FounderState Defense Committee
ProductsFirearms, weapons
RevenueIncrease US$ 94,867,462 (2009)[1]
Increase US$ 225,315 (2009)[1]
Number of employees
11,633 (January 2010)[1]
ParentMinistry of Industry and Trade
SubsidiariesTrading House "Baikal"

Izhevsk Mechanical Plant (Russian: Ижевский Механический Завод, Izhevsky Mekhanchesky Zavod) or IZHMEKH (ИЖМЕХ) was a major firearms manufacturer founded in Izhevsk in 1942 for manufacturing small arms. After the end of World War II it continued producing firearms, both for military and hunting applications, and later high-tech weapons and civilian machinery. After the Dissolution of the Soviet Union the range of civilian products was greatly expanded, but firearms were still its major production. Baikal firearms can still be bought from Remington under the name Ranger.[citation needed]

Since 1960 Izhmekh supplied hunting shotguns for export under the trademark "Baikal". Their products also included various hand held pistols, including the popular Baikal IZH-79.

Izhmekh was widely known for having developed and manufactured Makarov and Yarygin pistols. It was also one of the primary factories producing Mosin–Nagant and SVT-40 rifles during World War II for standard issue to Soviet troops.

On August 13, 2013, Izhmash and Izhevsk Mechanical Plant were merged and formally renamed Kalashnikov Concern.[2]


  1. ^ a b c "Izhevsk Mechanical Plant announced financial and economic results of its activities". Retrieved 2011-02-19.
  2. ^ http://www.janes.com/article/25839/izhmash-formally-renamed-kalashnikov

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