Izmaylovsky Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: Izmaylovsky
Moscow's Metro runs along the edge of the park

Izmaylovsky Park or Izmaylovo Park is one of the largest parks in Moscow, Russia. Park consists of two areas: Izmaylovsky forest and Izmaylovsky park for reacreation. It's situated in the Izmaylovo District in the North-East of the city. The park was inaugurated in 1931, and was known as Stalin Park until the name was changed in the 1961. The northern border of the park is the tram line alongside the Izmailovskaya station of the Moscow Metro that serves the park, the southern is the Entuziastov Highway. To the East the park is limited by the Main alley and to the West by Electrodny proezd and 1st and 2nd streets of the Izmaylovo menagerie.[1]

History of the park[edit]

In 1571-1585 the park was a country estate of a Muscovite boyar Zakharyin-Yuriev. After 1585, the ownership was passed to the Romanov family.[2] Since 1663, it became the official countryside residence of tsar Aleksey Mikhailovich. The very same time the construction and redesign of the estate were initiated.[3]

At first, a dam was constructed on Serebryanka river which resulted in formation of several ponds, namely Lebedyansky, Vinogradny and Serebryany. An artificial island was situated in the middle of the Serebryany pond. Later, the official tsar’s palace was built on that island that existed up until 1855. Christmas church was also built on the Serebryany Island in 1676, which became the cathedral in 1679. There were a lot of gardens with exotic plants and trees, cherished under personal supervision of the tsar. The household buildings also included green-houses, mills, breweries and other facilities. The organization of the household was so efficient that it alone could fully satisfy the needs of the tsar’s court.[4] One of the biggest zoos in Europe at that time could also be found in Izmaylovo manor.

Century old trees of the Izmaylovsky park

Unfortunately, after the death of Aleksey Mikhailovich the estates were abandoned and a lot of the buildings and facilities fell into decline. When he was a child, Peter the Great used the territory and the gardens for his war games; the remains of the redoubts he built are still partially preserved. He also constructed a Prosyansky (Zhukovski) dam on the Serebryanka river to form a pond, which was later used for the trial sails of the botik “St. Nicholas” that Peter the Great discovered in Izmaylovo.

In 1839, the mansion was used as a hospice and a house for the veterans of the war with Napoleon, as well as a shelter for the windows and a small school for their children. In 19th century a big effort was put into recovery and restoration of the forests and gardens on the territory of the future Izmaylovsky park that continued over the decades.

In 1930, Izmaylovo was given an official status of the park and in 1939 it was renamed after J.V. Stalin.[5] It was one of the best parks in USSR, with a lot of facilities, including a theatre and a cinema. The park’s giant territory allowed for more objects to be installed, thus a pond was to be created in the middle of the park, and a zoo in the eastern part of it. A giant central stadium also named after Stalin was supposed to be the highlight of the park infrastructure and the biggest stadium in the country. The construction, although started, was haltered by the Second World War and never finished.[6]

In 1944, an underground station “Izmaylovsky park” was built to allow good transportation links with the other parts of the city. In 1961 the park was renamed into Izmaylovsky park, falling in line with the general direction of the party against Stalin's cult of personality. The underground station was renamed in 2005 into Partizanskaya.

Available activities[edit]

Also, throughout the year free outdoor classes and courses are free to the public, including general work-out, yoga, dancing and aerobics for children. For children, there is also a small zoo with rabbits, rats, hedgehogs and Guinea pigs. In winter a skating rink is open.

Izmaylovsky forest[edit]

Izmaylovsky forest has a territory of 1608.1 hectares.[7] The forest has a bid diversity of plant species, including those that are endangered and are monitored by the Preservation agencies (almost 50 species). Rarely observed in urban areas, the transitional bog of the forest has originated from growing of the sphagnum moss. There are more than 25 species of lichens and 75 species of moss. The major part of the forest consists of deciduous trees, such as linden tree, oak, birch, maple. The Eastern part of the forest is constituted mainly by pines and firs that are more than hundred years old and were planted in the middle of 19th century as a part of the forest restoration effort. In total, more than 500 species are presented within the biological diversity of the forest. Some flowering plants are also preserved: various species of lilies, including Turk's cap lily, orchids, etc. Many species are registered medicinal plants and are listed in the Russian Pharmacopoeia (The State Pharmacopoeia of the Russian Federation), such as bistort Bistorta officinalis.

Interesting facts[edit]

  • In November 1995, Chechen terrorists planted, but did not detonate, a radiological dispersal device (commonly known as a dirty bomb) in Izmailovo Park.[8] The bomb consisted of dynamite and caesium-137 removed from cancer treatment equipment. Reporters were tipped off about its location and it was defused.
  • There is also a stand-up comedy show in Russian television with the same name (Izmaylovsky Park), starring Russian comedian Leon Izmaylov. The name is based on a word play, where Izmaylovsky belongs both to the park (where people get together for recreation) and to the surname of the show host.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Измайловский парк. История (in Russian)". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  2. ^ "ООПТ Исторический парк Измайлово". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  3. ^ "Измайловский природно-исторический парк в Измайлово - история". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  4. ^ "Izmailovsky Park". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  5. ^ "Official website. History of the park (in Russian)". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  6. ^ "Official web page of the park in vkontakte". Retrieved 4 September 2015. 
  7. ^ "Измайловский лесопарк (in Russian)". Дирекция природных территорий "Измайлово" и "Косинский" ГПБУ "Мосприрода". Retrieved 9 September 2015. 
  8. ^ http://www.iaea.org/NewsCenter/PressReleases/2002/prn0209.shtml
  9. ^ ""Измайловский парк" Большой юмористический концерт. (en Russian)". Russia-1 official website. Retrieved 9 September 2015. 

Coordinates: 55°46′37″N 37°47′20″E / 55.777°N 37.789°E / 55.777; 37.789