Ján Kollár

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Ján Kollár
Kollar jan.jpg
Ján Kollár
Born (1793-07-29)29 July 1793
Mosóc, Kingdom of Hungary (now Mošovce, Slovakia)
Died 24 January 1852(1852-01-24) (aged 58)
Vienna, Austrian Empire
Occupation Writer, poet, pastor
Nationality Slovak
Notable works Slávy dcera
Relatives Matej Kollár (father)
Katarína Frndová (mother)

Ján Kollár (29 July 1793 in Mošovce (Mosóc), Kingdom of Hungary, Habsburg Monarchy, now Slovakia – 24 January 1852 in Vienna, Austrian Empire) was a Slovak writer (mainly poet), archaeologist, scientist, politician, and main ideologist of Pan-Slavism.

Life[edit]

He studied at the Lutheran Lyceum in Pressburg (Pozsony, Kingdom of Hungary, now Bratislava,[1] Slovakia). In 1817 he enrolled in the University of Jena.[2] His attendance at the Wartburgfest (18 October 1817) has since been credited as being a formative experience with regards to his views on Pan-Slavism[3][4]

He spent most of his adult life as a chaplain to the populous but poor[5] Slovak Lutheran community in Pest[6] (Kingdom of Hungary, today part of Budapest, Hungary). From 1849, he was a professor of Slavic archeology at the University of Vienna, and several times he also acted as a counselor to the Austrian government for issues around the Slovaks. He entered the Slovak national movement in its first phase.

His museum (since 1974) in Mošovce was installed in the former granary, which was the only masoned part of Kollár's otherwise wooden birth-house. The rest of the house burned down in a fire on 16 August 1863. In 2009 was built a replica of the original Kollár's birth-house, which is now a museum.[7]

Views[edit]

He worked out a conception of Slav reciprocity. He admitted 4 standard languages: Russian, Polish, Czechoslovak and Serbo-Croatian.

Works[edit]

Besides writing poetry he also wrote technical literature.

  • Slávy Dcera (1824; The daughter of Sláva), collection of two (37 and 39 sonnets) cycles

In this work he worked out the conception of Slavic reciprocity. He expressed his feelings to a woman but this love had transformed to a love to his homeland. The main thematics of this work are: •love •patriotism

It is divided into 5 chapters and it has a foreword.

Předzpěv (Prelude)
The author expressed his fears that the Slovaks will disappear from the face of Europe like other Slavic tribes before. He asked the Slovaks to ask for help from the Russian nation.

1. Sála
This part contains love sonnets. Kollár glorifies his love Mína, depicting her as an ideal of a Slavic maid, the daughter of goddess Sláva.

2. Labe, Rén, Vltava
In these parts, the author takes us to places where Slavic tribes lived before. He is disappointed because these areas belong to foreign countries now.

3. Dunaj
The author arrives to Slovakia, disillusioned by the poverty of this area. He is highly disappointed and longs for death.

4. Léthé

5. Acheron
Mína becomes a fairy and takes the author to Slavic heaven and hell.

  • O literární vzájemnosti mezi kmeny a nářečími slavskĭmi (On the literary reciprocity between Slav tribes and vernaculars)

Recognition[edit]

  • Guta is town in southern Slovakia with Hungarian majority, was renamed as "Kolarovo" in 1948.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Petro, Peter (1995). A History of Slovak Literature (1 ed.). Mcgill Queens's University Press. p. 66. 
  2. ^ Auty, Robert (1952-01-01). "Jan Kollár, 1793-1852". The Slavonic and East European Review. 31 (76): 74–91. JSTOR 4204405. 
  3. ^ Auty, Robert (1952-01-01). "Jan Kollár, 1793-1852". The Slavonic and East European Review. 31 (76): 74–91. JSTOR 4204405. 
  4. ^ Auty, Robert (1952-01-01). "Jan Kollár, 1793-1852". The Slavonic and East European Review. 31 (76): 74–91. JSTOR 4204405. 
  5. ^ Sayer, Derek (2000-01-01). The Coasts of Bohemia: A Czech History. Princeton University Press. ISBN 069105052X. 
  6. ^ Petro, Peter (1997-05-13). History of Slovak Literature. McGill-Queen's Press - MQUP. ISBN 9780773514027. 
  7. ^ http://www.decus.sk/, All: Decus s.r.o., URI:. "Múzeum Jána Kollára Mošovce /* Jan Kollar Museum Mosovce /Muzeum.SK - múzeum, galéria, hrad, zámok/". www.muzeum.sk. Retrieved 2016-04-09. 
  • Auty, Robert. 1952. Ján Kollár, 1793-1852. The Slavonic and East European Review Vol. 31, No. 76: 74-91.

External links[edit]