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Jánico is located in the Dominican Republic
Jánico in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 19°24′0″N 70°48′0″W / 19.40000°N 70.80000°W / 19.40000; -70.80000Coordinates: 19°24′0″N 70°48′0″W / 19.40000°N 70.80000°W / 19.40000; -70.80000
Country  Dominican Republic
Province Santiago
Settled 16 March 1494
Incorporated 29 March 1881
 • Mayor Hilario Fernández (Dominican Liberation’s Party)
 • Total 235.03 km2 (90.75 sq mi)
Elevation[3] 370 m (1,210 ft)
Population (2010)[4]
 • Total 16,993
 • Density 72/km2 (190/sq mi)
 • Urban 1,730
 • Rural 15,263
Municipal Districts

Jánico (locally: [ˈhaniko]) is a municipality (municipio) of the Santiago province in the Dominican Republic. Within the municipality there are two municipal districts (distritos municipal): El Caimito and Juncalito.[5]

Christopher Columbus established a stockade here in March 1494, to protect his gold mining ambitions. The prospectivity of gold was established earlier in the year by Alonso de Ojeda's expedition.[6]

Jánico is part of a region known as the Sierra (Spanish: La Sierra; pronounced: [la ˈsjera]). This region was peopled in the 18th century mostly by ethnic Canarians and French who established a markedly endogamous society in which cousin marriages were fairly common, in order to preserve their whiteness; only a very few were slaveholders. The Sierra received a sizeable amount of white and mulatto refugees from both Saint-Domingue and the Cibao Valley, the former during the Haitian Revolution and the latter amid the Dominican genocide by the Haitian army in 1805.[7][8]

According to a 2016 genealogical DNA testing by the Genographic Project, the town has the highest percentage of both European and pre-Columbian heritages in the island, at 61.5% and 7.8%, respectively, while the African input (including North Africans) was numbered at 29.6%, the second lowest.[9]

For comparison with other municipalities and municipal districts see the list of municipalities and municipal districts of the Dominican Republic.


  1. ^ Pérez, Narciso (16 August 2016). "PLD dominará seis de los 10 municipios que tiene Santiago" (in Spanish). Santiago: Diario Libre. Retrieved 28 August 2016. 
  2. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica Archived April 17, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ "Santo Tomás de Jánico". Google Maps. Retrieved 18 May 2015. 
  4. ^ "Resumen resultados generales Censo 2010" (PDF) (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadística. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 October 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2016. 
  5. ^ Oficina Nacional de Estadistica, Departamento de Cartografia, Division de Limites y Linderos. "Listado de Codigos de Provincias, Municipio y Distritos Municipales, Actualizada a Junio 20 del 2006" (in Spanish). Archived from the original on August 3, 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-24. 
  6. ^ Floyd, Troy (1973). The Columbus Dynasty in the Caribbean, 1492-1526. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press. pp. 23–24. 
  7. ^ Espinal Hernández, Edwin R. (28 August 2010). "Población, endogamia y consanguinidad. Genealogía en la Sierra de San José de Las Matas." (in Spanish). Instituto Dominicano de Genealogía. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  8. ^ Hernández González, Manuel V. (2007). Expansión fundacional y crecimiento en el norte dominicano (1680-1795): El Cibao y la Bahía de Samaná (in Spanish). Santo Domingo: Archivo General de la Nación; Academia Dominicana de la Historia. ISBN 978-9945-020-12-0. 
  9. ^ "Dominicano promedio tiene 49% ADN africano, 39% europeo, y 4% precolombino" [Average Dominican's DNA is 49% African, 39% European, and 4% pre-Columbian]. Acento.com.do (in Spanish). 5 July 2016. Retrieved 26 August 2016.