János Gyöngyösi

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János Gyöngyösi
Gyöngyösi János 1945.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs of Hungary
In office
22 December 1944 (officially 28 March 1945) – 31 May 1947
Preceded by Gábor Kemény
Succeeded by Ernő Mihályfi
Personal details
Born (1893-05-03)3 May 1893
Berki, Austria-Hungary
Died 29 October 1951(1951-10-29) (aged 58)
Budapest, People's Republic of Hungary
Political party FKGP
Parents Ferenc Heller
Etelka Szányi
Profession politician

János Gyöngyösi (born as János Heller, 3 May 1893 – 29 October 1951) was a Hungarian politician, who served as Minister of Foreign Affairs between 1944 and 1947.


He fought in the First World War. After the war he worked as a journalist and finished his studies in the Budapest University (now Eötvös Loránd University). During the Second World War he was a reserve officer in Debrecen, near the Hungarian-Romanian border.

In 1931 Gyöngyösi joined the Smallholders Party. From 1944 he supported the Allies and the Red Army in his articles and asked the Hungarian home defence soldiers to capitulate. He became Minister of Foreign Affairs in the illegitimate Interim National Government. He could have been minister because he had good contacts with the Soviet Union. However Gyöngyösi realised the superpower's real intentions. That's why he searched the connections with the Western powers (US, UK). In 1947 Gyöngyösi signed the Treaty of Paris, Hungary lost again huge parts of its territory, for example Northern-Transylvania. Gyöngyösi's political career was doomed when Ferenc Nagy had to resign.


Political offices
Preceded by
Gábor Kemény
Minister of Foreign Affairs
Succeeded by
Ernő Mihályfi