János Hadik

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János Hadik
Hadik Janos.jpg
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary
In office
30 October – 31 October 1918
(17 hours)
Monarch Charles IV
Preceded by Sándor Wekerle
Succeeded by Mihály Károlyi
Personal details
Born (1863-11-23)23 November 1863
Pálócz, Ung County, Hungary (today Pavlovce nad Uhom, Slovakia)
Died 10 December 1933(1933-12-10) (aged 70)
Budapest, Hungary
Nationality Hungarian
Spouse(s) Alexandra Zichy de Zics et Vásonkeői
Children
  • Amalia Andrea Johanna Alexandra
  • Margaret Johanna Maria Gabriella Rafaella Eva Alexandra
  • Anthony Mary Martin Max
  • Antal Béla Mary Paul

Count János Hadik de Futak (23 November 1863, Pálócz – 10 December 1933, Budapest) was a Hungarian landowner[1] and politician who served for 17 hours as Prime Minister of Hungary, beginning on 30 October 1918.[2] His tenure coincided with a period of political instability in Hungary immediately after World War I, during which several successive governments ruled the country. He was forced to resign at the outbreak of the Aster Revolution on 31 October 1918, serving the shortest tenure of any Hungarian Prime Minister.

Life and career[edit]

Early years[edit]

János Hadik was born on 23 November 1863 in Pálócz, Ung County to Count Béla Hadik Mátyás Antal (1822-1885) and Countess Barkóczy Ilona (1833-1887) as their second child, the first being Endre Hadik-Barkóczy and the third Miksa Hadik. He was a great-grandson of András Hadik de Futak. After completion of his secondary school studies in Košice, he graduated from the Theresian Military Academy in Wiener Neustadt, and then in 1884 he entered the joint Austro-Hungarian Army as a Hussar cavalry lieutenant in the 10th Hussars in Bácska. However, in 1893, while first lieutenant in rank, he placed himself off duty.

On 2 October 1893 in Seregélyes he married Alexandra Zichy de Zics et Vásonkeői (1873-1949), from whom four children were born:

  • Amalia Andrea Johanna Alexandra (1894-1967), married Duke Louis Hohenlohe-Langenburg
  • Margaret Johanna Maria Gabriella Rafaella Eva Alexandra (1899-1978), married Wengersky Viktor von Count, Baron of Ungerschütz
  • Anthony Mary Martin Max (1902-1935), married Edit Gschwindt de Győr
  • Antal Béla Mary Paul (1915-1971), married Sárvár-Felsővidéki Countess Széchenyi Alice.

There are living descendants of the youngest son of Hadik, Antal Béla Mary Paul. Most of them live in the United States.

Political career[edit]

In 1894, Hadik was elected to the upper chamber of the Diet of Hungary, the House of Magnates, and he acted in the direction of separating the church and the state affairs from each other.[2]

Hadik, who joined the Liberal Party in 1901, took his place in Diet as the representative of this party. In the second government of Sándor Wekerle during 1906 to 1910, founded by the coalition government as a state representative, Hadik was Secretary of State in the Interior Ministry and was a senior advisor to the Minister of the Interior, Count Gyula Andrássy.[2] Hadik was the closest working companion to Gyula Andrássy.[3]

Hadik played an important part in drawing up a bill proposing universal male suffrage that, however, was defeated. Having withdrawn from politics for a while after the end of this post, Hadik was appointed Minister of State in August 1917, in a process that continued during the World War I. He served as minister without portfolio, with responsibility for food production and distribution, in the third Wekerle government.

After the resignation of the Sándor Wekerle Cabinet on 23 October 1918, which had opposed reforms proposed by Austrian politicians to try to save the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Archduke Joseph, representing Emperor Karl in Hungary, appointed Hadik as prime minister instead of Mihály Károlyi, contrary to expectations, under the influence of Andrássy.[4] After the announcement of the new Prime Minister, Hadik, who had to leave Prime Minister's office due to the conflicts in Budapest[5] and the influence of the Aster Revolution since October 28, fled abroad.[6] Following these events, the Austrian Archduke Joseph August, with the powers of the king, announced that he had appointed Károlyi as prime minister on October 31, 1918.

Hadik returned to Hungary later, working in the fields of economy and politics. On 10 December 1933, after working in the area, Hadik died in Budapest.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hill, Raymond (2003-01-01). Hungary. Infobase Publishing. p. 27. ISBN 9780816050819. 
  2. ^ a b c Tucker, Spencer (2005-01-01). World War I: Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO. p. 531. ISBN 9781851094202. 
  3. ^ Österreichisches Biographisches Lexikon 1815-1950 Volume 2. Vienna: Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna. 1959. pp. 133f. 
  4. ^ Lendvai, Paul (2003). The Hungarians. A thousand years of victory in defeat. London: Hurst Publishing House. p. 364. 
  5. ^ Sándor Kurtán, Karin Liebhart, Andreas Pribersky (1999). Ungarn. Munich: Beck. pp. 71f. 
  6. ^ Spencer Tucker, Laura Matysek Wood, Justin D. Murphy (1999). The European powers in the First World War. An encyclopedia. New York: Garland Publ. pp. 329f. 
Political offices
Preceded by
Sándor Wekerle
Prime Minister of Hungary
1918
Succeeded by
Mihály Károlyi
Party political offices
Preceded by
Kálmán Széll
Chairman of the Constitution Party
1913–1918
Succeeded by
party abolished