|• Town manager||Hanna Helaste|
|• Total||1,823.90 km2 (704.21 sq mi)|
|• Land||1,571.34 km2 (606.70 sq mi)|
|• Water||252.57 km2 (97.52 sq mi)|
|• Rank||39th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||61st largest in Finland|
|• Density||12.27/km2 (31.8/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||97.4% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||12.6%|
|• 15 to 64||55.1%|
|• 65 or older||32.3%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
Jämsä (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjæmsæ]) is a town and municipality of Finland. It is located in the Central Finland region, about 58 kilometres (36 mi) southwest of Jyväskylä. The municipality has a population of 19,281 (28 February 2023), which make it the second largest town of the Central Finland after Jyväskylä. It covers an area of 1,823.90 square kilometres (704.21 sq mi) of which 252.57 km2 (97.52 sq mi) is water. The population density is 12.27 inhabitants per square kilometre (31.8/sq mi).
The municipality is officially Finnish-speaking.
The municipality of Kuorevesi was consolidated with Jämsä in 2001. The municipality of Längelmäki was partly consolidated with Jämsä in 2007. The municipality of Jämsänkoski was consolidated with Jämsä in the beginning of 2009.
Since 1994, the ski slope at Himos has been used as a super special stage at the Rally Finland.
There are all together around 465 lakes in Jämsä; the largest lakes are Päijänne, Koljonselkä and Lake Kuorevesi. Jämsä is located on the watershed of the main catchment areas of the Kokemäki River and the Kymi River. The eastern and central areas of the municipality belong to the Kymi River watershed, the western ones to the Kokemäki River watershed. The catchment area of the Jämsä route of the first division phase of the Kymijoki main catchment area covers almost the entire area of Koskenpää and Jämsänkoski as well as the center of Jämsä and the central part of Jämsänniemi. The Great Päijänne area of the first division of the Kymi River watershed covers the eastern, south-eastern and southern areas of Jämsä. The catchment area of the Längelmävesi and Hauho routes of the first division of the Kokemäki River main catchment area covers the southwestern part of Jämsä, ie the southern part of Längelmäki and Kuorevesi. The catchment area of the Keuruu route in the first division phase of the Kokemäki River watershed covers the western and north-western part of Jämsä, ie the northern part of Kuorevesi and the westernmost parts of Koskenpää.
The bedrock of Jämsä belongs to the abyssal rock area of the Central Finland. The predominant species are coarse-grained granodiorites and granites, which are often porphyry and weathered in places. Rapakivi granite rock has also been found in the vicinity of Jämsä. The geological formation of the Inner Finland, which is similar to the Salpausselkä formations but younger than them, runs from Hämeenkangas in the north-west of Tampere through Orivesi and Jämsä to Laukaa. The meltwater of the Weichselian glaciation associated with its formation and melting has shaped several Jämsä valleys. The meltwater of the glacier flowed through the numerous transition valleys of the present-day Jämsä area.
Jämsänkosken Ilves is a sports club in Jämsä.
Himos Skiresort is located in Jämsä.
- Battle of Länkipohja
- Jämsänkosken Ilves
- Jämsä sub-region
- Finnish national road 58
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population structure by area, 2022M01*-2023M02*". StatFin (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 4 April 2023.
- "Demographic Structure by area as of 31 December 2022". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Administration of Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
- "Jämsä". Järviwiki. Finland's Environmental Administration. 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- Kymijoki (14) - Järviwiki (in Finnish)
- Kokemäenjoki (35) - Järviwiki (in Finnish)
- "Jämsän 2233 karttalehtialueen maaperäkartoituksesta" (PDF) (in Finnish). Geological Survey of Finland. December 22, 1982. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
- Tuomo Kesäläinen & Aimo Kejonen: Suomen rotkot, p. 132. Tallinn, Salakirjat, 2014. (in Finnish)
- Jaakko Kolmonen (1988). Kotomaamme ruoka-aitta: Suomen, Karjalan ja Petsamon pitäjäruoat (in Finnish). Helsinki: Patakolmonen. p. 84. ISBN 951-96047-3-1.
Media related to Jämsä at Wikimedia Commons
- Town of Jämsä – Official website, finnish, english