Järvenpää

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Järvenpää

Träskända
Municipality and town
Järvenpään kaupunki
Träskända stad
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Coat of arms of Järvenpää
Coat of arms
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917
Country Finland
RegionUusimaa
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
Charter1951
City rights1967
Government
 • Town managerOlli Naukkarinen
Area
 (2018-01-01)[1]
 • Total39.93 km2 (15.42 sq mi)
 • Land37.55 km2 (14.50 sq mi)
 • Water2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)
Area rank307th largest in Finland
Population
 (2019-01-31)[2]
 • Total43,450
 • Rank26th largest in Finland
 • Density1,157.12/km2 (2,996.9/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish96.5% (official)
 • Swedish0.9%
 • Others2.6%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1418.4%
 • 15 to 6470.6%
 • 65 or older11%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)
Municipal tax rate[5]19%
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.jarvenpaa.fi

Järvenpää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjærʋemˌpæː]; Swedish: Träskända) is a town and municipality of Finland.

History[edit]

Järvenpää was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää and the controversy over the issue still raises blood pressure fifty years later. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967.

Geography[edit]

Järvenpää is located on the HelsinkiRiihimäki railway track, some 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring cities are Tuusula, Sipoo and Mäntsälä. People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, even though they do not technically share a border, thanks to the one kilometre-wide land area that belongs to Tuusula.

Traffic[edit]

The railroad goes through the city centre. In addition to the main railway station, there are Ainola, Saunakallio, Haarajoki and (Purola now closed) railway stations.

The trip to Helsinki takes about half an hour, whether by rail or road, and to the airport of Helsinki-Vantaa about 20 minutes. Train connections to the capital are good. Uusimaa's trains leave the main station twice an hour, and from other stations once an hour.[6]

Culture[edit]

Ainola.

Järvenpää had, in the early 20th century, a large artist community including the likes of: Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho and Eero Järnefelt. This was partly true because of a railway connection to Helsinki.

Järvenpää is widely known as the location of Ainola, the home of the composer Jean Sibelius. It is situated about two kilometers south of the city centre. The composer moved with his family to the cottage designed by Lars Sonck on September 24, 1904, and he lived there until his death in 1957. Ainola is open for visitors in the summer months as the "museum of Sibelius".[citation needed]

Juhani Aho moved with his wife Venny Soldan-Brofeldt to Järvenpää in 1897. They lived there for fourteen years in a villa, called Vårbacka, next to the shore of Lake Tuusula. The villa was later called Ahola.[citation needed]

The K-Citymarket of Järvenpää was awarded the Grocery Store of the Year title in 2019 by the IGD of the United Kingdom.

Events[edit]

Events are held in the Järvenpää-talo (lit. Järvenpää-house) throughout the year: concerts, theatre and art-shows. The favorite-place of children is Pikku-Aino's home, where children can play, make shows and so on.

There is a musical event, which is arranged every year, called Puistoblues [fi] (lit. Park Blues). "Blues-week" starts from the "Blues street" of the city centre, and concerts and informal sessions are arranged in bars and restaurants. The main concert is at the end of Blues-week, and is arranged in Vanhankylänniemi on the Saturday.

Neighbourhoods[edit]

Järvenpää is divided into 25 neighbourhoods. The locations of individual neighbourhoods are shown below.

Politics[edit]

Helsingintie

Results of the 2011 Finnish parliamentary election in Järvenpää:

Management[edit]

Järvenpää belongs to Uudenmaan vaalipiiri (electoral district of Uusimaa) and its town council has 51 councillors. The town council's political groups (2004-2008) were :

The president of the council was Ari Åberg (Kokoomus).[8]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Järvenpää is twinned with:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Suomen virallinen tilasto (SVT): Väestön ennakkotilasto [verkkojulkaisu]. Tammikuu 2019" (in Finnish). Statistics Finland. Retrieved 15 March 2019.
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009.
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009.
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
  6. ^ Railway timetables Archived November 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "Tervetuloa! - Järvenpään vihreät ry". Jarvenpaanvihreat.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
  8. ^ Statistic Finland municipal election results. (2004)
  9. ^ Suomen ja Unkarin väliset ystävyyskuntasuhteet (PDF) (in Finnish). Suomi-Unkari Seura. January 2016. p. 1. Retrieved 23 August 2019.
  10. ^ "Statistik och fakta". Municipality of Täby (in Swedish). 18 February 2019. Retrieved 23 August 2019.

External links[edit]