Jérémie Vespers

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The Jérémie Vespers refer to a massacre that took place in August, September and October 1964 in the Haitian town of Jérémie. It took place after a group of 13 young Haitians calling themselves "Jeune Haiti" landed on August 6, 1964 at Petite-Rivière-de-Dame-Marie with the intention of overthrowing the regime of François 'Papa Doc' Duvalier.[1]

The 13 were: Max Armand, his brother Jacques Armand, Gérald Marie Brierre, Miko Chandler, Louis Drouin, Charles Forbin, Jean Gerdes, Réginald Jourdan, Yvon Laraque, Marcel Numa, Roland Rigaud, Gusley Villedrouin and Jacques Wadestrand.


The massacre was called the "vespers" because many of the families killed by the regime are remembered as the families who took many aforementioned "vesper" picnic excursions.

Several of the group were from the town of Jérémie. During two months they fought in the hills, the regime ordered the arrest and murder of Jeune Haiti's family members. 27 people were murdered, ranging in age from 85-year-old Mrs Chenier Villedrouin to 2-year-old Régine Sansaricq.

The murdered were:

  • Louis Drouin Sr., father of Louis Drouin Jr.
  • Louise Degraff, his wife
  • Guy Drouin, brother of Louis Drouin Jr.
  • Alice Drouin, sister of Louis Drouin Jr.
  • Gérard Guilbaud, Alice's husband
  • Mrs. Chenier Villedrouin (née Corinne Sansaricq) (85 years old), mother of Guy and Victor Villedrouin
  • Victor Villedrouin
  • Roseline Drouin, Guy Villedrouin's wife and sister of Louis Drouin Jr.
  • Fernande Villedrouin, sister of Guy and Victor
  • Guy Villedrouin, brother of Victor Villedrouin
  • Adeline Chassagne, Victor Villedrouin's wife, and the aunt of Canadian indie rock band Arcade Fire's Régine Chassagne
  • Lisa Villedrouin(18 years old), their daughter
  • Frantz Villedrouin (16 years old) their son
  • Pierre Sansaricq
  • Louise Laforest, Pierre's wife
  • Jean-Claude Sansaricq, their son
  • Graziela Sansaricq, Jean-Claude's wife
  • Lily Sansaricq, sister of Pierre Sansaricq
  • Fred Sansaricq, son of Pierre
  • Hubert Sansaricq, son of Pierre
  • Reynold Sansaricq, son of Pierre
  • Marie-Catherine Sansaricq (10 years old) daughter of Pierre
  • Edith Laforest, Louise Laforest's sister
  • Jean-Pierre Sansaricq (6 years old), son of Jean-Claude and Graziela
  • Stéphane Sansaricq (4 years old), son of Jean-Claude and Graziela
  • Régine Sansaricq (2 years old), daughter of Jean-Claude and Graziela
  • Pierre-Richard Sansaricq
  • Alphonze Bazile, Son of Pierre and Vesta Bazile

The members of "Jeune Haiti" were killed one by one in combat with Haiti's army, until the last two survivors, Louis Drouin and Marcel Numa, out of ammunition, were captured alive, brought back to Port-au-Prince and shot in public against the cemetery wall on November 12, 1964.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Peschanski, João Alexandre (2015). "State-Middleman Violence: Making Sense of Crimes in Papa Doc s Haiti". Teoria e Pesquisa. 24 (1): 96–104. doi:10.4322/tp.24108. ISSN 0104-0103.

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