Jönköping

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Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Collage of Jönköping
Coat of arms of Jönköping
Jönköping is located in Jönköping
Jönköping
Jönköping
Jönköping is located in Sweden
Jönköping
Jönköping
Coordinates: 57°46′58″N 14°09′38″E / 57.78278°N 14.16056°E / 57.78278; 14.16056Coordinates: 57°46′58″N 14°09′38″E / 57.78278°N 14.16056°E / 57.78278; 14.16056
Country Sweden
ProvinceSmåland
CountyJönköping County
MunicipalityJönköping Municipality
City status1284
Area
 • City44.82 km2 (17.31 sq mi)
Elevation
104 m (341 ft)
Population
 (31 May 2022)[1]
 • City112,766
 • Density2,500/km2 (6,500/sq mi)
 • Metro
144,699[2]
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
555 xx
Area code(+46) 36
Vehicle registration1544
ClimateDfb
Websitewww.jonkoping.se

Jönköping (/ˈjɜːn(t)ʃɜːpɪŋ/,[3][4] Swedish: [ˈjœ̂nːˌɕøːpɪŋ] (listen)) is a city in southern Sweden with 112,766 inhabitants (2022).[5] Jönköping is situated on the southern shore of Sweden's second largest lake, Vättern, in the province of Småland.

The city is the seat of Jönköping Municipality, which has a population of 144,699 (2022) and is Småland's most populous municipality.[6] Jönköping is also the seat of Jönköping County which has a population of 367,064 (2022).[7] Jönköping is the seat of a district court and a court of appeal as well as the Swedish National Courts Administration. It is the seat of the Swedish Board of Agriculture.[8]

County government[edit]

The Jönköping municipality has its headquarters in a place called "rådhuset". Rådhuset is an important component of the function of the municipality as it works as a state office for different departments of and in jönköping. Rådhuset is dependent on the municipality but is its own entity, the head of the rådhuset has political power but is not the head of the jönköping state. The head of the Jönköping state is called the "kommunfullmäktige" which has all the municipal power but sometimes doesn't make the decisions; these are handed down to other departments or the "kommunstyrelsen".[9]

The departments that are inherent to the office are not limited to but are shortly known as:

- The political governance. This department has a municipal board that is responsible for the state office's official activities.

- The administrative department. The administrative department is responsible for office operations, city archives, legal functions, the office of the guardianship board, data protection (GDPR), and information security.

- The analysis and sustainability department. The analysis and sustainability department is responsible for sustainability issues, international collaboration, consumer advice, energy, and climate advice, as well as statistics and investigations.

- The state economics department. The state economics department is the solely responsible force regarding the official spending of the municipality's funds.

- The finance and company departments. The finance and company department is responsible for the municipality's and the municipal companies' financial management and administers "Jönköpings Rådhus AB" and manages the municipality's donation funds.

- The HR department. This department is responsible for personnel issues, work environment, negotiations, as well as managerial and personnel development and acts as a development and service body for the municipal administrations.

- The IT - department. Responsible for and coordinates the municipality's IT operations and telephony. The department works closely with the municipal administrations and provides the operation and development of systems, services, and products. This is also offered to municipal companies. In case of problems, questions, or need for help, the IT department supports the administrations and the municipal companies.

- The communication department. Responsible for the municipality's overall internal and external communication. The municipality's overall communication channels, graphic profile, and press issues are also within the department's area of responsibility. The Communications Department works in close cooperation with the municipal administrations and supports them in their communication work. The department also includes the municipality's Contact Center. The contact center is the public's first contact with the municipality for general questions and information.

- The business department. The department works to create conditions for the development and expansion of the existing business community and to stimulate and facilitate new establishments.

- The Procurement Department Responsible for the municipality's procurement activities and coordination of procurements. The department also conducts procurements in collaboration with Habo and Mullsjö municipalities as well as Rådhus AB and its subsidiaries.

History[edit]

The Sofia Church in Jönköping, Neo-Gothic style, 1888

Jönköping is an old trading centre (Köping) situated at a natural crossroads for routes following the rivers Nissan and Lagan, and the road connecting the provinces of Östergötland and Västergötland, a result of the town's geographical position at the southern end of lake Vättern, which divides the two provinces.

On 18 May 1284 Jönköping became the first City in Sweden to be granted its rights by king Magnus Ladulås, who ruled mostly from Vättern's largest island Visingsö.[clarification needed] The first part of the city's name, "Jön", is derived from a creek, "Junebäcken", in Talavid, in what is now the western part of the city. The second part of the name "köping", is, as mentioned above, an old word for a trading centre or market place.[10]

The geographical position of the city also left it vulnerable to attack via the river routes that led south, mainly from Danes. At that time the provinces of what is today southern Sweden — Scania, Halland and Blekinge — belonged to Denmark. The city was plundered and burned several times until it was fortified during the 16th and 17th centuries.

Jönköping was known for its matchstick industry between 1845 and 1970.[11] The phosphorus match was invented in 1831, and these matches became very popular because one could strike it against any surface to ignite it. However, the problem was that they ignited too easily, caused a lot of accidents and were toxic. In 1844, Swedish professor Gustav Erik Pasch patented a new invention, ”Safety matches - Strike against the box only”.[12] To prevent the matches from igniting so easily, Gustav Erik Pasch separated the chemicals in the match head and placed the phosphorus on a separate surface on the outside of the box for striking ignition. Johan Edvard and Carl Frans Lundström took Pasch's patent and improved it. Later, they manufactured their new Safety matches in their factory in Jönköping.[13] Today it is an important Nordic logistical center, with many companies' central warehouses (such as Elkjøp, IKEA, Electrolux and Husqvarna) situated there.

Present[edit]

The urban area of Jönköping today includes the eastern industrial town of Huskvarna, with which it has grown together.

Elmia, a major trade fair and exhibition centre, is situated in Jönköping. Elmia Wood is the world's largest forestry fair, and fairs for subcontractors, trucks, caravans and railways are the biggest of their kind in Europe. Since 2001, Elmia has been the site of the world's largest LAN party, DreamHack, with two events every year, Dreamhack Summer and Dreamhack Winter.

Demography[edit]

Population[edit]

As of 2018, Jönköping has a total population of 139,222.[14]

Gender 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Female 66,404 66,987 67,823 68,722 69,426 70,265
Male 65,736 66,323 67,474 68,759 69,796 70,816
Total 132,140 133,310 135,297 137,481 139,222 141,081

Population changes[edit]

2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Population increase 1,342 1,170 1,987 2,184 1,741 1,859
Born 1,677 1,662 1,715 1,615 1,688 1,644
Deceased 1,169 1,217 1,101 1,202 1,253 1,100

Average age 2019[edit]

Area Female Male Female and Male
Jönköping 41.3 39.2 40.3

Notable people[edit]

Viktor Rydberg, 1877
Agnetha Fältskog, 2013

Music[edit]

Sport[edit]

Education[edit]

High schools[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

Climate[edit]

Jönköping's climate was humid continental (Köppen Dfb) with long, cold winters and short, warm summers during the 1961–1990 period. However, the window between subarctic and oceanic is very small in this marine-influenced climate type, and in recent years the climate has more resembled very cold oceanic. However, figures are slightly skewed due to the weather station being located at the airport which is at an elevation of 228 metres (748 ft), whereas the city centre is at 100 metres (330 ft). This likely renders up to between half a degree to a full degree milder temperatures in the urban centre.

Climate data for Jönköping Airport 2002–2018; extremes since 1901
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 11.5
(52.7)
16.2
(61.2)
21.1
(70.0)
26.3
(79.3)
30.9
(87.6)
33.2
(91.8)
35.3
(95.5)
34.2
(93.6)
28.6
(83.5)
22.0
(71.6)
17.0
(62.6)
13.3
(55.9)
35.3
(95.5)
Mean maximum °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
11.0
(51.8)
17.2
(63.0)
21.3
(70.3)
26.8
(80.2)
30.3
(86.5)
31.8
(89.2)
29.5
(85.1)
24.2
(75.6)
17.3
(63.1)
14.0
(57.2)
10.4
(50.7)
32.5
(90.5)
Average high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
1.7
(35.1)
5.6
(42.1)
12.0
(53.6)
17.3
(63.1)
20.5
(68.9)
22.9
(73.2)
22.3
(72.1)
17.3
(63.1)
10.9
(51.6)
6.0
(42.8)
3.0
(37.4)
11.7
(53.1)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1.5
(29.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
2.2
(36.0)
6.7
(44.1)
12.0
(53.6)
15.4
(59.7)
18.1
(64.6)
17.6
(63.7)
12.9
(55.2)
8.1
(46.6)
3.7
(38.7)
1.0
(33.8)
7.9
(46.3)
Average low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−4.2
(24.4)
−1.9
(28.6)
2.4
(36.3)
6.5
(43.7)
10.2
(50.4)
12.8
(55.0)
12.5
(54.5)
8.4
(47.1)
5.2
(41.4)
1.1
(34.0)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.0
(39.1)
Mean minimum °C (°F) −17.1
(1.2)
−15.3
(4.5)
−11.2
(11.8)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2.3
(27.9)
3.5
(38.3)
7.7
(45.9)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.3
(31.5)
−4.7
(23.5)
−8.4
(16.9)
−12.6
(9.3)
−20.6
(−5.1)
Record low °C (°F) −31.8
(−25.2)
−34.2
(−29.6)
−29.1
(−20.4)
−16.9
(1.6)
−5.8
(21.6)
1.4
(34.5)
2.3
(36.1)
1.7
(35.1)
−5.3
(22.5)
−11.6
(11.1)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−25.8
(−14.4)
−34.2
(−29.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 43.2
(1.70)
32.0
(1.26)
27.7
(1.09)
29.9
(1.18)
41.1
(1.62)
62.4
(2.46)
80.4
(3.17)
85.6
(3.37)
50.1
(1.97)
58.0
(2.28)
52.1
(2.05)
49.5
(1.95)
612
(24.1)
Source 1: SMHI Average Data 2002–2018[16]
Source 2: SMHI Open Data[17]
Panorama of central Jönköping

Sport[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the country, counties and municipalities by sex and age". Statistics Sweden. 27 May 2013. Archived from the original on 16 January 2013.
  2. ^ "Folkmängd i riket, län och kommuner 30 september 2016 och befolkningsförändringar 1 juli–30 september 2016. Totalt". Archived from the original on 20 December 2016.
  3. ^ "Jönköping"[dead link] (US) and "Jönköping". Lexico UK English Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Archived from the original on 26 August 2022.
  4. ^ "Jönköping". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  5. ^ "Statistikdatabasen - välj variabler och värden". Archived from the original on 26 December 2016.
  6. ^ "Befolkningsstatistik". Jönköpings Kommun. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  7. ^ "Folkmängd efter region och år". Statistiska Centralbyrån. Retrieved 4 April 2020.
  8. ^ "Swedish Board of Agriculture – How to find our headquarters". Swedish Board of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 28 September 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  9. ^ https://www.jonkoping.se/kommunpolitik/kommunensorganisation/forvaltningar/stadskontoret.4.74fef9ab15548f0b800fc1.html
  10. ^ Wahlberg, Mats, ed. (2003). Svenskt ortnamnslexikon (PDF) (in Swedish) (1st ed.). Uppsala: Swedish Institute for Dialectology, Onomastics and Folklore Research. p. 158. ISBN 91-7229-020-X. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
  11. ^ Ohlsen, Becky; Kaminski, Anna; Lundgren, K (1 June 2012). Lonely Planet Sweden (5th ed.). Lonely Planet. ISBN 978-1741797268.
  12. ^ Wisniak, Jaime (May 2005). "Matches-The manufacture of fire". CSIR. 12 (3): 369–380 – via NISCAIR.
  13. ^ "History of matches". Swedish Match. Retrieved 21 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Befolkningsstatistik". Jönköpings Kommun. Retrieved 5 April 2020.
  15. ^ Gosse, Edmund William (1911). "Rydberg, Abraham Viktor" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 23 (11th ed.). p. 949.
  16. ^ "Monthly & Yearly Statistics". SMHI. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  17. ^ "SMHI öppna data för Huskvarna". SMHI. Retrieved 30 June 2019.
  18. ^ "Jonkoping Challenger 2016 Feature | ATP Tour | Tennis".

External links[edit]

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