Jörg Wolfgang Demus
2 December 1928
|Died||16 April 2019 (aged 90)|
Jörg Wolfgang Demus (2 December 1928 – 16 April 2019) was an Austrian classical pianist who appeared internationally and made many recordings. He was also a composer and a lecturer at music academies. In composition and playing, he focused on chamber music and lieder. He played with singers such as Elisabeth Schwarzkopf and Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, as a piano duo with Paul Badura-Skoda, and with string players such as Josef Suk and Antonio Janigro. Demus was instrumental in bringing the historic fortepiano to concert podiums. He was a member of the Legion of Honour, among many awards. He is regarded as one of the leading Austrian pianists of the immediate post-World War II era.
Early life and education
Demus was born in St. Pölten; his father was the art historian Otto Demus, and his mother was a concert violinist. At the age of six, Demus received his first piano lessons. Five years later, at the age of 11, he entered the Vienna Academy of Music, studying piano, composition and conducting. He made his debut as a pianist when he was still a student: at the age of 15, he played in the Brahms-Saal of the prestigious Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde Bach's Das wohltemperierte Klavier. He graduated in 1945, then 17 years old, after which he continued to study conducting with Josef Krips and Hans Swarowsky. Demus studied in Paris with Yves Nat from 1951 to 1953. In 1953 he further studied interpretation with Wilhelm Kempff, Arturo Benedetti Michelangeli, and Edwin Fischer, and attended master classes with Walter Gieseking.
In 1951, Demus made his first tour to South America and then appeared internationally in concert halls. He appeared in England and France. In 1972 he toured Southern Africa in all the major cities. In 1974, Demus performed for the Peabody Mason Concert series in Boston.
Demus was active as a lied accompanist and a chamber music partner, appearing with singers such as Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau, Elly Ameling and Peter Schreier, and with string players such as Josef Suk and Antonio Janigro. He performed widely as a soloist on both modern and historical instruments, returning the fortepiano to concert podiums. Demus collaborated with Paul Badura-Skoda on the concert platform and on a book concerning the interpretation of Beethoven's piano sonatas.
His playing of Bach's works showed their structure as well as melodic lines. He favoured Schumann's music, revealing a high degree of playful levity besides romantic expressiveness. His playing of Debussy's music stands out in Klangsinn, a sense for a colourful impressionist sound world. He collected historic keyboard instruments and presented them to a museum. He lectured at the music academies of Vienna and Stuttgart.
Demus was also a composer, chiefly of music for the piano, chamber music and lied, composing in a generally conservative style. Music for cello and piano takes its inspiration from the poems of Paul Verlaine and the late music by Schumann.
Awards and prizes
In 1956 Demus won first prize at the Ferruccio Busoni International Piano Competition. Demus received the Mozart Medal of the Mozartgemeinde Wien in 1979. He was awarded the Österreichisches Ehrenkreuz in 2006, the Beethoven Ring of the Beethoven Society Vienna in 1977, the Robert Schumann Prize of the City of Zwickau and the Order of the Legion of Honour.
Among the many recordings by Demus are sets of the complete piano works by both Robert Schumann and Claude Debussy. He also recorded Schubert's Impromptus on the Deutsche Grammophon label. He made recordings on historical keyboard instruments, including, for example, the earliest such recording of Beethoven's "Waldstein" sonata in 1970, on a Broadwood dating from 1802.
He recorded several of his own compositions with cellist Maria Kliegel, including Poetische Sonate (Poetic Sonata) in G minor, Op. 8, Liebe (Love), Op. 21, after Verlaine's Crimen Amoris, the Cello Sonata in C minor, "Il Tramonto", Op. 35, and Nacht der Sterne (Starry Night), Op. 14.
- "Die Musik ist die Schwester der Poesie". Menschenbilder. ORF. 22 January 2017. Retrieved 22 January 2017.
- "Pianist Jörg Demus gestorben / Mit Bach fing alles an" (in German). BR. 17 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- 88 notes pour piano solo, Jean-Pierre Thiollet, Neva Editions, 2015, p. 52. ISBN 978-2-3505-5192-0
- Obituaries, Telegraph (12 May 2019). "Jörg Demus, Austrian pianist celebrated for sparkling performances of Viennese classics such as 'Winterreise' – obituary". The Telegraph. ISSN 0307-1235. Retrieved 12 August 2020.
- Leyrer, Georg (17 April 2019). "Österreichischer Pianist Jörg Demus gestorben". Kurier (in German). Archived from the original on 18 April 2019. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Sinkowicz, Wilhelm (17 April 2019). "Nachruf / Jörg Demus ist tot: Der Ballettmeister der zehn Finger". Die Presse (in German). Retrieved 18 April 2019.
- Oron, Aryeh. "Jörg Demus (Piano)". Retrieved 6 January 2007.
- Stevenson, Joseph. "Jörg Demus". AllMusic. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Eckert, Thor (12 October 1974). "Review". Christian Science Monitor.
...Demus in no-nonsense sonata recital at Sanders
- Les sonates pour piano de Ludwig van Beethoven / Paul Badura-Skoda et Jörg Demus. Trad. de l'allemand par Jean Malignon German National Library
- Demus: Sonate Poétique, Etc / Kliegel, Demus. ArkivMusic. 1998.
- "Albo d'oro dal 1949 al 1960". concorsobusoni.it (in Italian). Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
- Patrick Rucker (15 February 2019). "Beethoven's 'Waldstein' Sonata: a guide to the greatest recordings". Gramophone. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
- "Demus: Works for Cello and Piano. Marco Polo/Naxos Records". Menschenbilder. Naxos Records. 1998. Retrieved 19 April 2019.
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