Júlio Prestes

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Júlio Prestes
Retrato Júlio Prestes.jpg
President-elect of Brazil
In office
Did not take office[a]
Vice President Vital Soares
Preceded by Washington Luís
Succeeded by Military Junta of 1930
13th Governor of São Paulo
In office
July 14, 1927 – May 21, 1930
Lieutenant Heitor Teixeira Penteado
Preceded by Carlos de Campos
Succeeded by Heitor Teixeira Penteado
Personal details
Born Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque
March 15, 1882
Itapetininga, São Paulo, Empire of Brazil
Died February 9, 1946(1946-02-09) (aged 63)
São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Júlio Prestes de Albuquerque (Portuguese pronunciation: ['ʒulju 'pɾɛstʃis dʒi awbu'kɛɾki]; March 15, 1882 – February 9, 1946) was a Brazilian poet, lawyer and politician. He was the last elected President of Brazil of the period known as República Velha, but never took office because the government was overthrown in the Revolution of 1930. Júlio Prestes was the only politician who was elected President of Brazil to be impeded of taking office. He was the last politician born in São Paulo to be elected President of Brazil.

On June 23, 1930 he became the first Brazilian person to be cover on the Time magazine.[1]

Early career[edit]

Prestes graduated with a Law degree from the Law School of São Paulo in 1906 (today's Faculty of Law of the University of São Paulo). He married with Alice Viana Prestes, and had three children with her.

He started his political career in 1909, when he was elected State Representative in São Paulo by the Republican Party of São Paulo (PRP). He was reelected several times until 1923, defending the public employee in São Paulo.

As a State representative, he introduced legislation that created the Court of Auditors of São Paulo and the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnology of University of São Paulo. He was the author of the law that incorporated the Sorocabana Railroad to the São Paulo State patrimony.

In Revolution of 1924, he fought on the Coluna Sul, with Ataliba Leonel and Washington Luís, expelling the rebels of the region of Sorocaba.

Government offices
Preceded by
Carlos de Campos
Governor of São Paulo
Succeeded by
Pedro Manuel de Toledo
Preceded by
Washington Luís
President-elect of Brazil
Succeeded by
Military Junta of 1930


  1. ^ Elected president on the March 1, 1930 election for the period 11/15/1930 – 11/15/1934, Prestes was so proclaimed, but unable to take office by the outbreak of the Brazilian Revolution of 1930, a coup d'état led by Getúlio Vargas and huge sectors of the Brazilian Armed Forces, in conclusion of the Tenentism movements. A Military Junta assumed power immediately, and passed it on to Vargas.
    Post-scriptum:. Vargas ran in the 1930 election, but lost to Prestes and disputed the results, accusing the fraudulent process. Fraud was perpetrated by both campaigns.