Júlio de Castilhos

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This article is about the town. For the politician (and namesake), see Júlio Prates de Castilhos.
Júlio de Castilhos
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Location within Rio Grande do Sul
Júlio de Castilhos is located in Brazil
Júlio de Castilhos
Júlio de Castilhos
Location in Brazil
Coordinates: 28°13′37″S 55°40′54″W / 28.22694°S 55.68167°W / -28.22694; -55.68167Coordinates: 28°13′37″S 55°40′54″W / 28.22694°S 55.68167°W / -28.22694; -55.68167
Country  Brazil
State Rio Grande do Sul
Mesoregion Westcentral Rio Grande do Sul
(Centro Ocidental Rio-Grandense)
Microregion Santiago
Founded June 14, 1891
 • Total 1,929.383 km2 (744.939 sq mi)
Elevation 513 m (1,683 ft)
Population (2003)
 • Total 20,938
 • Density 11/km2 (28/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Castilhense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal code 98130-xxx
IBGE code 4311205
Website prefeiturajuliodecastilhos

Júlio de Castilhos is a municipality of the western part of the state of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Its area is 1,120.8 km² and its population was 3,571 in 2003. Its elevation is at 529 m (Praça "João Vieira de Alvarenga"), 516 m at the meteorological station and 503.81 m at the railway station. The origin of the name comes from the Tupi language. It is located 627 km west of the state capital of Porto Alegre, northeast of Alegrete. The city is considered the Brazilian capital of the Charolais cattle.


The municipality is named after a Brazilian advocate, journalist and a politician named Júlio Prates de Castilhos.

According to historian Firmino Costa, the land of the modern municipality of Júlio de Castilhos, was Indian. The area was part of the Spanish empire until 1801 when it was annexed to Portugal. The first pioneers came from São Paulo and Paraná. In 1912 or 1813, João Vieira de Alvarenga a youth at around 24 years with his wife Maria Rosa de Morais and his first son Manoel, they claimed lands between the pioneer cities with the title Sesmaria in which it received in 1826. In 1834, the municipality of Cruz Alta was founded, locate by the Rio Prado. The today's municipality was created from the lands of the district of São Martinho. Coxilha do Durasnal established ranches around the area. In 1876 with the emancipation of São Martinho, the second district of Povo Novo was created. On June 17, 1877, Manoel Vieira de Alvarenga founded the city of Júlio de Castilhos. On June 14, 1891, São Martinho was emancipated passed and created the municipality of Vila Rica. Their first municipal elections were held in 1896 with Capitão Luiz Gonzaga de Azevedo as its winner and its first mayor. In 1905, the city was renamed to its current name Júlio de Castilhos.

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