Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music
|Jāzepa Vītola Latvijas Mūzikas akadēmija|
|Address||1 Kr. Barona Street, Rīga, Latvia|
Jāzeps Vītols Latvian Academy of Music (Latvian: Jāzepa Vītola Latvijas Mūzikas akadēmija), formerly the Riga Conservatory, is a higher education establishment of music at 1 Barona Street, Riga, Latvia. The junior institute is the Emīls Dārziņš Music School.
Latvian Conservatory of Music was founded in 1919 by the Latvian composer Jāzeps Vītols, who also became the first director of the Latvian National Opera. He remained director until 1944, excepting 1935-1937 when the director was his choral assistant Pauls Jozuus. There were junior and senior courses that covered around 9 to 10 academic years. Beginning in 1940, the structure of the conservatory changed: the lower junior courses were transferred in secondary education system and later became a base for Jāzeps Mediņš's and Emīls Dārziņš's secondary schools of music. And there formed up courses of higher school in the conservatory. Beginning 1 October 1951 LPSR Institute of Theater was joined to the conservatory, reorganizing it to a faculty of theater with departments of acting and directing. In May 1958 it was renamed to the Jāzeps Vītols Latvian conservatory. In January 1964 conservatory had been renamed to J.Vītols Latvian institute of Art, but in July 1964 institute was renamed back to J.Vītols Latvian conservatory.
Notable teaching staff
Rectors include Alfrēds Kalniņš (1944–1948), Jēkabs Mediņš (1948–1950), Jānis Ozoliņš (1951–1977), Imants Kokars (1977–1990), Juris Karlsons (1990–2007) and currently Artis Sīmanis (2007-).
During the republic, the State Conservatory had only one Jewish professor of music, Adolf Metz, head of the violin department. Many Jewish students emigrated to Lithuania.
- J. Vītola Latvijas Mūzikas Akadēmija, entry in Archive of Latvia.
- Bernhard Press The murder of the Jews in Latvia: 1941-1945 2000 p16
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