Jōgen (Kamakura period)

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Jōgen (承元?) was a Japanese era name (年号, nengō, lit. year name) after Ken'ei and before Kenryaku. This period spanned the years from October 1207 through March 1211.[1] The reigning emperors were Tsuchimikado-tennō (土御門天皇?) and Juntoku-tennō (順徳天皇?).[2]

Change of era[edit]

  • 1207 Jōgen gannen (承元元年?); 1207: The new era name was created to mark an event or a number of events. The previous era ended and a new one commenced in Ken'ei 2, on the 25th day of the 10th month of 1207.[3]

Events of the Jōgen era[edit]

  • 1208 (Jōgen 2, 6th month): The emperor went to the Kumano Sanzan Shrine.[4]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 5th month): The emperor returned to the Kumano Shrine.[5]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 6th month): The emperor accepted Hideyasu, prince of Kazusa, as part of the court.[5]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 8th month): The emperor visited the Kasuga Shrine.[5]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 9th month): A comet with a very long tail appeared in the night sky.[5]
  • 1210 (Jōgen 4, 25th day of the 11th month): In the 12th year of Tsuchimikado-tennō 's reign (土御門天皇12年), the emperor abdicated for no particular reason; and the succession (senso) was received by his younger brother, the second son of the former-Emperor Go-Toba. Shortly thereafter, Emperor Juntoku is said to have acceded to the throne (sokui).[6]


  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric. (2005). "Jōgen" in Japan encyclopedia, p. 429; n.b., Louis-Frédéric is pseudonym of Louis-Frédéric Nussbaum, see Deutsche Nationalbibliothek Authority File.
  2. ^ Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 221-231; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 340; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 220-221.
  3. ^ Brown, p. 340.
  4. ^ Titsingh, p. 229.
  5. ^ a b c d Titsingh, p. 230.
  6. ^ Titsingh, p. 230; Brown, p. 341; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.


External links[edit]

Preceded by
Era or nengō

Succeeded by