Japanese Type 30 bayonet (1894–1945)
|Country of origin||Japan|
|Creator||No single creator|
According to Tanaka Fumon, Jukendo techniques are based on sojutsu (spear fighting) or bayonet techniques from the 17th century, when firearms from Portugal were introduced to Japan. However, according to Jukendo french researcher Baptiste Tavernier, Jukendo techniques are mostly based on the teachings and influence of the French military missions to Japan at the beginning of the Meiji era.
During the Meiji period, Japanese bayonet fighting techniques were consolidated into a system named jukenjutsu, and taught at the Toyama military academy in Tokyo. Morihei Ueshiba, founder of Aikido, trained in jukenjutsu and incorporated some of this art tactics into his own interpretation of the use of the wooden staff or Jō. Following World War II, the practice of jukenjutsu was banned by the Allies, but it later returned in the modern form of jukendo. The Japan Amateur Jukendo Federation was established in 1952. The All Japan Jukendo Federation was established in April 1956.
In response to a request from the 30,000 member All-Japan Jukendo Federation, in April 2017 the Japanese government added Jukendo to the list of nine approved martial arts for Japanese junior high schools. As of 2017 only one school had taken it up.
Modern jūkendō uses a mokujū, a wooden replica of a rifle with an attached and blunted bayonet at the end, in place of an actual rifle. The art is practised by both Japanese military personnel and civilians. Training incorporates kata (patterns), two-person drills, and competitive matches using mokujū and protective armor. The three main target areas are the heart, throat, and lower left side of the opponent.
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