János Irinyi

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The native form of this personal name is Irinyi János. This article uses the Western name order.
János Irinyi.

János Irinyi (May 18, 1817, Albis, Hungary – December 17, 1895); Hungarian pronunciation: [ˈjaːnoʃ ˈiriɲi], sometimes also spelled János Irínyi) [1] was a Hungarian chemist and inventor of the noiseless and non-explosive match. He achieved this by mixing the phosphorus with lead dioxide instead of the potassium chlorate used previously.[2]

Irinyi also took part in the Hungarian Revolution of 1848.[1]


  1. ^ a b "THE CONTRIBUTION OF HUNGARIANS TO UNIVERSAL CULTURE" (with inventors), Embassy of the Republic of Hungary in Damascus, Syria, 2006, webpage: HungEMB-Culture.
  2. ^ Hungarian Patent Office; this site's mention of calcium chlorate rather than potassium chlorate appears to be an error?

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