Municipality and town
|• Town manager||Iiris Laukkanen|
|• Total||39.93 km2 (15.42 sq mi)|
|• Land||37.54 km2 (14.49 sq mi)|
|• Water||2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)|
|• Rank||307th largest in Finland|
|• Rank||24th largest in Finland|
|• Density||1,234.92/km2 (3,198.4/sq mi)|
|Population by native language|
|• Finnish||91.7% (official)|
|Population by age|
|• 0 to 14||16.8%|
|• 15 to 64||64.3%|
|• 65 or older||18.9%|
|Time zone||UTC+02:00 (EET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+03:00 (EEST)|
Järvenpää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjærʋemˌpæː]; Swedish: Träskända) is a town and municipality in Finland. It is located on the Helsinki–Riihimäki railway track in Uusimaa region, some 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring municipalities are Tuusula, Sipoo and Mäntsälä. People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, even though they do not technically share a border, thanks to the one kilometre-wide land area that belongs to Tuusula.
The first documented mention of the village of Järvenpää is found in a tax list from 1540, where it is named in Swedish as Treskendaby; starting from the next decade, its Finnish name was used in parallel, in forms such as Jerffuepä or Järuenpää. Around this time, the village was documented to consist of eight estates. Prior to being transferred to the newly formed chapel of Tuusula in 1643, Järvenpää was part of the parish of Sipoo; Tuusula, in turn, became an independent pastorate (kirkkoherrakunta) in 1654.
While the population in Järvenpää had long been stagnant, it had started expanding again by the late 1700s, thanks to the evolution of agriculture at the time. In the middle of the 1800s, Järvenpää together with Nummenkylä formed the most populous village of Tuusula with around 450 inhabitants. Thanks to its location on the road between Helsinki and Mäntsälä, the village had grown into a minor concentration of commerce, with the presence of a kestikievari - a type of tavern - and several craftsmen. Thanks to these factors, one of the original intermediate stations of the Helsinki–Riihimäki railway was placed in Järvenpää.
Järvenpää was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää, and controversy over this decision exists to this day. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Bjarne Westermarck developed Järvenpää and is considered to be the founder of the town and was honored at its centennial celebrations by the release of a book about Järvenpää. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967.
Järvenpää is divided into 25 neighbourhoods. The locations of individual neighbourhoods are shown on the map on the left.
The city of Järvenpää has 46,359 inhabitants, making it the 24th most populous municipality in Finland. The city of Järvenpää is part of the Helsinki region, which is the largest urban area in Finland with 1,576,438 inhabitants. In Järvenpää, 7.3% of the population has a foreign background, which is below the national average.
In 2020, 16.8% of the population of Järvenpää was under the age of 15, 64.3% were aged 15 to 64, and 18.9% were over the age of 65.  In 2019, out of the total population of 43,711, the entire urban population of Järvenpää was localized in a single urban area. Only 42 people lived in sparsely populated areas, while the coordinates of 729 people were unknown. This made Järvenpää's degree of urbanization 99.9%.
Järvenpää is a monolingual Finnish-speaking municipality. The majority of the population - 41,856 people or 91.7% - speak Finnish as their first language. In Järvenpää, 471 people, or 1.0% of the population, speak Swedish. 7.2% of the population of Järvenpää have a mother tongue other than Finnish or Swedish. As English and Swedish are compulsory school subjects, functional bilingualism or trilingualism acquired through language studies is not uncommon.
|Population by country of birth (2022)|
In 2022, there were 3,323 persons with a migrant background living in Järvenpää, or 7.3% of the population.[note 1] The number of residents who were born abroad was 3,183, or 7.0% of the population. The number of persons with foreign citizenship living in Järvenpää was 2,153. Most foreign-born citizens came from Estonia, the former Soviet Union, Sweden and Vietnam.
The relative share of immigrants in Järvenpää's population is below the national average. However, the city's new residents are increasingly of foreign origin. This will increase the proportion of foreign residents in the coming years.
In 2022, the Evangelical Lutheran Church was the largest religious group with 61.5% of the population of Järvenpää. Other religious groups accounted for 3.1% of the population. 35.5% of the population had no religious affiliation.
Järvenpää is widely known as the location of Ainola, the home of the composer Jean Sibelius. It is situated about two kilometers south of the city centre. The composer moved with his family to the cottage designed by Lars Sonck on September 24, 1904, and he lived there until his death in 1957. Ainola is open for visitors in the summer months as the "museum of Sibelius".
Juhani Aho moved with his wife Venny Soldan-Brofeldt to Järvenpää in 1897. They lived there for fourteen years in a villa, called Vårbacka, next to the shore of Lake Tuusula. The villa was later called Ahola.
Events are held in the Järvenpää-talo (lit. Järvenpää-house) throughout the year: concerts, theatre and art-shows. The favorite-place of children is Pikku-Aino's home, where children can play, make shows and so on.
There is a musical event, which is arranged every year, called Puistoblues (lit. Park Blues). "Blues-week" starts from the "Blues street" of the city centre, and concerts and informal sessions are arranged in bars and restaurants. The main concert is at the end of Blues-week, and is arranged in Vanhankylänniemi on the Saturday.
Järvenpää celebrates its 70th anniversary in 2021.
The trip to Helsinki takes about half an hour, whether by rail or road, and to the airport of Helsinki-Vantaa about 20 minutes. Train connections to the capital are good. Uusimaa's trains leave the main station twice an hour, and from other stations once an hour.
Results of the 2021 Finnish municipal elections in Järvenpää:
- Social Democratic Party: 21.1%
- National Coalition Party: 20.5%
- True Finns: 18.3%
- Green League: 13.2%
- Järvenpää Plus: 9,1%
- Centre Party: 7.5%
- Left Alliance: 5.2%
- Christian Democrats: 3,1%
Järvenpää belongs to Uudenmaan vaalipiiri (electoral district of Uusimaa) and its town council has 51 councillors. The town council's political groups (2004–2008) were :
- Suomen Sosialidemokraattinen Puolue (The Social Democratic Party of Finland) (14 councils),
- Kokoomus (The National Coalition Party) (13),
- Järvenpää 2000 Plus (7),
- Keskusta (The Centre Party) (7),
- Vihreä liitto (The Green League) (4),
- Vasemmistoliitto (The Left Alliance) (3),
- Kristillisdemokraatit (Christian Democrats) (1),
- Suomen kommunistinen puolue (Communist Party of Finland) (1),
- Liberaalit (Liberals) (1).
The president of the council was Ari Åberg (Kokoomus).
Twin towns — Sister cities
- Statistics Finland classifies a person as having a "foreign background" if both parents or the only known parent were born abroad.
- "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
- "Preliminary population statistics 2023, September". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
- "Demographic Structure by area as of 31 December 2022". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 6 September 2023.
- "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
- "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Administration of Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
- Korpela, Kalevi; Rosenberg, Antti; Mäkinen, Vesa (1968). "Järvenpää". Suomenmaa 2: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos. 2: Heinola–Kaavi. Helsinki: WSOY.
- "Number of foreign-language speakers grew by nearly 38,000 persons". Statistics Finland. 31 May 2023. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
- "Key figures on population by region, 1990-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- "Population in urban settlements and sparsely populated areas by age, sex and municipality, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- "Degree of urbanisation by area, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
- "Persons with foreign background". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
- "Population structure 2000-2022, urban-rural classification". Statistics Finland. 26 May 2023. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
- K-Citymarket Järvenpää Wins IGD 'Store Of The Year' Award – European Supermarket Magazine
- Pictures: Inside the Finnish supermarket labelled the best grocery store in the world – Helsinki Times
- Railway timetables Archived November 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Tervetuloa! - Järvenpään vihreät ry". Jarvenpaanvihreat.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
- Statistic Finland municipal election results. (2004)
- "Welcome to Järvenpää" (PDF). jarvenpaa.fi. Järvenpää. 2017-09-14. p. 18. Retrieved 2019-12-06.