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Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917
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Municipality and town
Järvenpään kaupunki
Träskända stad
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Sibeliuksenkatu (Sibelius' street)
Coat of arms of Järvenpää
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Location of Järvenpää in Finland
Coordinates: 60°28.5′N 025°05.5′E / 60.4750°N 25.0917°E / 60.4750; 25.0917
Country Finland
Sub-regionHelsinki sub-region
Metropolitan areaHelsinki metropolitan area
City rights1967
 • Town managerIiris Laukkanen
 • Total39.93 km2 (15.42 sq mi)
 • Land37.54 km2 (14.49 sq mi)
 • Water2.39 km2 (0.92 sq mi)
 • Rank307th largest in Finland
 • Total46,490
 • Rank24th largest in Finland
 • Density1,238.41/km2 (3,207.5/sq mi)
Population by native language
 • Finnish90.4% (official)
 • Swedish1.1%
 • Others8.5%
Population by age
 • 0 to 1416.8%
 • 15 to 6464.3%
 • 65 or older18.9%
Time zoneUTC+02:00 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+03:00 (EEST)

Järvenpää (Finnish pronunciation: [ˈjærʋemˌpæː]; Swedish: Träskända) is a town in Finland, located in the southern interior of the country. Järvenpää is situated in the centre of the Uusimaa region. The population of Järvenpää is approximately 46,000. It is the 24th most populous municipality in Finland. Järvenpää is part of the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, which has approximately 1.58 million inhabitants.

Järvenpää is located on the Helsinki-Riihimäki railway line in the Uusimaa region, about 37 kilometres (23 mi) north of Helsinki. Neighbouring municipalities are Tuusula, Sipoo and Mäntsälä. People also refer to Kerava as Järvenpää's neighbour, although technically they do not share a border due to the one kilometre-wide strip of land that belongs to Tuusula.



The first documented mention of the village of Järvenpää is found in a tax list from 1540, where it is named in Swedish as Treskendaby; starting from the next decade, its Finnish name was used in parallel, in forms such as Jerffuepä or Järuenpää. Around this time, the village was documented to consist of eight estates. Prior to being transferred to the newly formed chapel of Tuusula in 1643, Järvenpää was part of the parish of Sipoo; Tuusula, in turn, became an independent pastorate (kirkkoherrakunta) in 1654.[6]

While the population in Järvenpää had long been stagnant, it had started expanding again by the late 1700s, thanks to the evolution of agriculture at the time. In the middle of the 1800s, Järvenpää together with Nummenkylä formed the most populous village of Tuusula with around 450 inhabitants. Thanks to its location on the road between Helsinki and Mäntsälä, the village had grown into a minor concentration of commerce, with the presence of a kestikievari - a type of tavern - and several craftsmen. Thanks to these factors, one of the original intermediate stations of the Helsinki–Riihimäki railway was placed in Järvenpää.[6]

Järvenpää was separated from its parent community Tuusula in 1951. Järvenpää was granted the status of a market town (kauppala) after the separation. Neighbouring districts Kellokoski and Nummenkylä were not added to the municipality of Järvenpää, and controversy over this decision exists to this day. In the event, Kellokoski remained part of the municipality of Tuusula. Bjarne Westermarck developed Järvenpää and is considered to be the founder of the town and was honored at its centennial celebrations by the release of a book about Järvenpää. Järvenpää was granted full legal town (kaupunki) status in 1967.


The neighbourhoods of Järvenpää
The neighbourhoods of Järvenpää

Järvenpää is divided into 25 neighbourhoods. The locations of individual neighbourhoods are shown on the map on the left.





The city of Järvenpää has 46,490 inhabitants, making it the 24th most populous municipality in Finland. The city of Järvenpää is part of the Helsinki metropolitan area, which is the largest urban area in Finland with 1,582,452 inhabitants. In Järvenpää, 8.5% of the population has a foreign background, which is below the national average.[7]

In 2020, 16.8% of the population of Järvenpää was under the age of 15, 64.3% were aged 15 to 64, and 18.9% were over the age of 65. [8] In 2019, out of the total population of 43,711, the entire urban population of Järvenpää was localized in a single urban area.[9] Only 42 people lived in sparsely populated areas, while the coordinates of 729 people were unknown. This made Järvenpää's degree of urbanization 99.9%.[10]

Population size of Järvenpää 1990–2020[11]
Year Population



Population by mother tongue (2023)[7]

  Finnish (90.4%)
  Estonian (1.4%)
  Russian (1.4%)
  Swedish (1.1%)
  Ukrainian (0.7%)
  Arabic (0.5%)
  English (0.4%)
  Other (4.1%)

Järvenpää is a monolingual Finnish-speaking municipality. The majority of the population - 42,048 people or 90.4% - speak Finnish as their first language. In Järvenpää, 493 people, or 1.1% of the population, speak Swedish.[7] 8.5% of the population of Järvenpää have a mother tongue other than Finnish or Swedish.[7] As English and Swedish are compulsory school subjects, functional bilingualism or trilingualism acquired through language studies is not uncommon.

At least 30 different languages are spoken in Järvenpää. The most common foreign languages are Estonian (1.4%), Russian (1.4%), Ukrainian (0.7%) and Arabic (0.5%).[7]


Population by country of birth (2022)[11]
Nationality Population %
 Finland 42,447 93.0
 Estonia 607 1.3
 Soviet Union 342 0.7
 Sweden 190 0.4
 Vietnam 105 0.2
 Thailand 101 0.2
 Russia 91 0.2
 Afghanistan 88 0.2
 Turkey 75 0.2
 Iraq 75 0.2
 Romania 68 0.1
Other 1,441 3.2

As of 2023, there were 3,970 persons with a migrant background living in Järvenpää, or 8.5% of the population.[note 1] The number of residents who were born abroad was 3,796, or 8.2% of the population. The number of persons with foreign citizenship living in Järvenpää was 2,689.[7] Most foreign-born citizens came from Estonia, the former Soviet Union, Sweden and Vietnam.[7]

The relative share of immigrants in Järvenpää's population is below the national average. However, the city's new residents are increasingly of foreign origin. This will increase the proportion of foreign residents in the coming years.



In 2023, the Evangelical Lutheran Church was the largest religious group with 59.7% of the population of Järvenpää. Other religious groups accounted for 3.1% of the population. 37.2% of the population had no religious affiliation.[13]



In the early 20th century Järvenpää had a large artist community, including Jean Sibelius, Juhani Aho and Eero Järnefelt. This was partly true because of a railway connection to Helsinki.

Järvenpää is widely known as the location of Ainola, the home of the composer Jean Sibelius. It is situated about two kilometers south of the city centre. The composer moved with his family to the cottage designed by Lars Sonck on September 24, 1904, and he lived there until his death in 1957. Ainola is open for visitors in the summer months as the "museum of Sibelius".[citation needed]

Juhani Aho moved with his wife Venny Soldan-Brofeldt to Järvenpää in 1897. They lived there for fourteen years in a villa, called Vårbacka, next to the shore of Lake Tuusula. The villa was later called Ahola.[citation needed]

The K-Citymarket of Järvenpää was awarded the Grocery Store of the Year title in 2019 by the IGD of the United Kingdom.[14][15]


ZZ Top performing at Puistoblues in 2010

Events are held in the Järvenpää-talo (lit. Järvenpää-house) throughout the year: concerts, theatre and art-shows. The favorite-place of children is Pikku-Aino's home, where children can play, make shows and so on.

There is a musical event, which is arranged every year, called Puistoblues [fi] (lit. Park Blues). "Blues-week" starts from the "Blues street" of the city centre, and concerts and informal sessions are arranged in bars and restaurants. The main concert is at the end of Blues-week, and is arranged in Vanhankylänniemi on the Saturday.

Järvenpää celebrates its 70th anniversary in 2021.



The railroad goes through the city centre. In addition to the main railway station, there are the stations of Ainola, Saunakallio and Haarajoki.

The trip to Helsinki takes about half an hour, whether by rail or road, and to the airport of Helsinki-Vantaa about 20 minutes. Train connections to the capital are good. Uusimaa's trains leave the main station twice an hour, and from other stations once an hour.[16]


Järvenpää railway station

Results of the 2021 Finnish municipal elections in Järvenpää:



Järvenpää belongs to Uudenmaan vaalipiiri (electoral district of Uusimaa) and its town council has 51 councillors. The town council's political groups (2004–2008) were :

The president of the council was Ari Åberg (Kokoomus).[18]

International relations


Twin towns — Sister cities


Järvenpää is twinned with:[19]

See also



  1. ^ Statistics Finland classifies a person as having a "foreign background" if both parents or the only known parent were born abroad.[12]


  1. ^ "Area of Finnish Municipalities 1.1.2018" (PDF). National Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  2. ^ "Population growth biggest in nearly 70 years". Population structure. Statistics Finland. 2024-04-26. ISSN 1797-5395. Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  3. ^ "Population growth biggest in nearly 70 years". Population structure. Statistics Finland. 2024-04-26. ISSN 1797-5395. Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  4. ^ "Population according to age (1-year) and sex by area and the regional division of each statistical reference year, 2003–2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 2 May 2021.
  5. ^ a b "Luettelo kuntien ja seurakuntien tuloveroprosenteista vuonna 2023". Tax Administration of Finland. 14 November 2022. Retrieved 7 May 2023.
  6. ^ a b Korpela, Kalevi; Rosenberg, Antti; Mäkinen, Vesa (1968). "Järvenpää". Suomenmaa 2: maantieteellis-yhteiskunnallinen tieto- ja hakuteos. 2: Heinola–Kaavi. Helsinki: WSOY.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "Population growth biggest in nearly 70 years". Population structure. Statistics Finland. 2024-04-26. ISSN 1797-5395. Retrieved 2024-04-29.
  8. ^ "Key figures on population by region, 1990-2020". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Population in urban settlements and sparsely populated areas by age, sex and municipality, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Degree of urbanisation by area, 2019". StatFin. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 20 May 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Number of foreign-language speakers grew by nearly 38,000 persons". Statistics Finland. 31 May 2023. Retrieved 12 September 2023.
  12. ^ "Persons with foreign background". Statistics Finland. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  13. ^ Key figures on population by region, 1990-2023 Statistics Finland
  14. ^ K-Citymarket Järvenpää Wins IGD 'Store Of The Year' AwardEuropean Supermarket Magazine
  15. ^ Pictures: Inside the Finnish supermarket labelled the best grocery store in the worldHelsinki Times
  16. ^ Railway timetables Archived November 9, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
  17. ^ "Tervetuloa! - Järvenpään vihreät ry". Jarvenpaanvihreat.fi. Retrieved 2014-02-26.
  18. ^ Statistic Finland municipal election results. (2004)
  19. ^ "Welcome to Järvenpää" (PDF). jarvenpaa.fi. Järvenpää. 2017-09-14. p. 18. Retrieved 2019-12-06.