28 June 1889|
Harlingen, Friesland, Netherlands
|Died||9 July 1954
|Academic advisors||J.J.M. de Groot
|Notable students||A.F.P. Hulsewé|
Jan Julius Lodewijk Duyvendak (28 June 1889 – 9 July 1954) was a Dutch sinologist and professor of Chinese at Leiden University. He is known for his translation of The Book of Lord Shang and his studies of the Dao De Jing. He was co-editor of the renowned sinology journal T'oung Pao with French scholar Paul Pelliot for several decades.
J. J. L. Duyvendak was born on 28 June 1889 in Harlingen, Netherlands. He matriculated into Leiden University as an undergraduate where he studied philology, and was soon introduced to Chinese by Dutch sinologist J.J.M. de Groot. In 1910 Duyvendak moved to Paris where he began more advanced studies in Chinese under Édouard Chavannes and Henri Cordier. From 1912 to 1918, Duyvendak worked as an interpreter at the Dutch embassy in Beijing before gaining a position at Leiden University in 1919. During World War II, Duyvendak worked to protect Jews living in the Netherlands from Nazi forces.
- "The Book of Lord Shang", Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1928
- "The True Dates of the Chinese Maritime Expeditions in the Early Fifteenth Century". T'oung Pao, 1938
- "Further Data Bearing on the Identification of the Crab Nebula with the Supernova of 1054 AD: Part I, the Ancient Oriental Chronicles", Publications of the Astronomical Society of the Pacific 54, no. 318, 1942, pp. 91–94.
- Tao Te Ching, "The Book of the Way and Its Virtue", London: John Murray, 1954
- Paul Demiéville, "J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889-1954)", T'oung Pao 43 (1954-55): 1-33.
- "J.J.L. Duyvendak (1889 - 1954)". Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences. Retrieved 24 January 2016.
- Demiéville, Paul (1954). "J. J. L. Duyvendak (1889-1954)". T'oung Pao. 43 (1/2): 1–33. JSTOR 4527374.
- Lanciotti, Lionello (1954). "J. J. L. Duyvendak (1889-1954)". East and West. 5 (3): 186–7. JSTOR 29753593.
- Short bio of Duyvendak at UMass Amherst
- Letter from Duyvendak to the astronomer Jan Oort & correspondence by Oort and W. Baade (Leiden University Library)
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