J.J. Newberry

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J.J. Newberry Company
TypeVariety store, Five and dime
Founded1911 (1911) in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, U.S.
FounderJohn Josiah Newberry
Defunct2001 or early 2002
FateBankrupt[1]
SuccessorDollar Zone (2001–02)
Area served
Northeast, Southwest, West Coast, United States,[1] Canada
ParentMcCrory Stores Corporation (1972–2002)
SubsidiariesJ.J. Newberry Canadian, Ltd.

J.J. Newberry's was an American five and dime store chain in the 20th century. It was founded in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, United States, in 1911 by John Josiah Newberry (1877–1954). J.J. Newberry learned the variety store business by working in stores for 17 years between 1894 and 1911. There were seven stores in the chain by 1918.

John Josiah Newberry[edit]

John Josiah Newberry (September 26, 1877 – March 6, 1954) was born in Sunbury, Pennsylvania, Newberry first worked in the railroad business before joining retail store Fowler, Dick and Walker in 1894. In 1899 he joined S. H. Kress & Co. where he stayed until 1911.

He founded the J.J. Newberry chain of five and dime stores in Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania, in 1911. The first store was a success, and he opened a branch in Freeland, Pennsylvania in 1912. After 1919 he managed the company with his brothers Edgar A. Newberry and C.T. Newberry. At the time of Newberry's death (1954), the J.J. Newberry chain had 475 stores.

J.J. Newberry Company[edit]

The company was a family business. J.J. Newberry was joined in management by his brothers C.T. Newberry and Edgar A. Newberry in 1919, at which time there were 17 stores with yearly sales of $500,000.

A 1988 photo of a Newberry's store in Portland, Oregon

Over the years, the Newberry chain acquired other stores including Hested in Wyoming, Missouri, Ohio, North Dakota, Colorado, and Nebraska, and Lee Stores in South Dakota, Minnesota, Maine, and Iowa. At the time of founder J.J. Newberry's death (1954), the chain had 475 stores. By 1961, the company operated 565 stores with total yearly sales of $291 million. The chain also operated a larger department store called Britt's Department Store.

McCrory Stores purchased the 439 unit J.J. Newberry Co. in 1972. McCrory Stores continued to operate it under the Newberry banner as a separate division. McCrory opened additional stores under the Newberry banner especially in the Northeast and California where the name had a strong presence. The company thrived throughout the 1980s but fell on hard times in the early 1990s. The demise of the company became evident following a Chapter 11 bankruptcy filing in 1992.[2][3] In 1997, McCrory closed 300 stores including many in the Newberry's division, however several others remained.[4] In the year 2000, most remaining Newberry's and other McCrory-branded five and dime stores had been converted to the Dollar Zone brand, as McCrory's attempted to radically change its business model.[5] The remaining Newberry stores closed along with the whole McCrory's chain in February 2002.[5]

Early J.J. Newberry stores featured a recognizable logo composed of gold or white sans serif letters on a red background that usually occupied the entire width of the store facade.[6][7] This was similar to the early signage of competitors Woolworth's, Neisner Brothers and the S. S. Kresge.[8][9][10] Later stores featured a cursive 1960s modern logo style, dropping the "J.J." altogether.

Poet Donald Hall wrote a poem, Beans and Franks, about the closing of a J.J. Newberry store in Franklin, New Hampshire.[11]

Britt's[edit]

Britt's was a division of J.J. Newberry. Founded in the Pacific Northwest in the early 1900s, the J.J. Newberry chain acquired it in December 1928 and all Britts stores were rebranded as J.J. Newberry locations. Newberry revived the Britts name in the early 1960s as a discount store division. During the Birmingham civil rights campaign, activists organized sit-ins at the segregated lunch counters in Britt's Department Stores, which led to the arrest of 20 protesters.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Discount operation to make last markdown". The Albany Herald. November 30, 2001. p. 12B. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  2. ^ "Company News: 229 Stores To Be Closed By McCrory". The New York Times. December 24, 1991. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  3. ^ "Local Dollar Zone stores shuttered". Dayton Business Journal. December 19, 2001. Archived from the original on May 19, 2005. Retrieved September 16, 2019.
  4. ^ "J.J. Newberry Stores to Close". Los Angeles Times. January 28, 1997. Retrieved November 5, 2013.
  5. ^ a b Millman, Christian (November 30, 2001). "McCrory says it's going out of business** The five-and-dime chain joins others in giving up to bigger merchandisers". The Morning Call. Allentown, Pennsylvania. Retrieved September 3, 2019.
  6. ^ Manning, Joe (1996). "Newberry's North Adams". Mornings on Maple Street. Archived from the original on 2008-07-26. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  7. ^ "Former J. J. Newberry store photo". RoadsideNut. Archived from the original on April 27, 2005.
  8. ^ "A potted history of F.W. Woolworth". The Woolworth's Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  9. ^ "Postcard". Detroit Historical Museum. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  10. ^ Morrell, Alan (June 18, 2018). "Whatever Happened To ... Neisner's?". The Democrat and Chronicle. Rochester, NY. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  11. ^ "Beans and Franks". The Writer's Almanac. August 30, 2009. Archived from the original on July 31, 2012. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  12. ^ Wright, Barnett (January 1, 2013). "1963 in Birmingham, Alabama: A timeline of events". The Birmingham News.

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