J. A. Todd
J. A. Todd
|Died||22 December 1994 (aged 86)|
|Alma mater||University of Cambridge|
|Known for||Todd class|
|Awards||Smith's Prize (1930)|
Rockefeller Fellowship (1933), Fellow of the Royal Society
|Institutions||University of Manchester|
University of Cambridge
|Thesis||Grassmannian Varieties / The Conic as a Space Element (1932)|
|Doctoral advisor||H.F. Baker|
|Doctoral students||Roger Penrose|
John Arthur Todd  (23 August 1908 – 22 December 1994) was a British geometer.
He was born in Liverpool, and went up to Trinity College, Cambridge in 1925. He did research under H.F. Baker, and in 1931 took a position at the University of Manchester. He became a lecturer at Cambridge in 1937. He remained at Cambridge for the rest of his working life.
The Todd class in the theory of the higher-dimensional Riemann–Roch theorem is an example of a characteristic class (or, more accurately, a reciprocal of one) that was discovered by Todd in work published in 1937. It used the methods of the Italian school of algebraic geometry. The Todd–Coxeter process for coset enumeration is a major method of computational algebra, and dates from a collaboration with H.S.M. Coxeter in 1936. In 1953 he and Coxeter discovered the Coxeter–Todd lattice. In 1954 he and G. C. Shephard classified the finite complex reflection groups.
|Scholia has a profile for J. A. Todd (Q364575).|
- 1936: "A practical method for enumerating cosets of a finite abstract group", Proc. Edin. Math. Soc. 5(1), 26-34 (with Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter)
- 1937: "Rational quartic primals and associated Cremona transformations of four-dimensional space", Proc. London Math. Soc. s2-42, 324-339 (with Dennis Babbage), "The geometrical invariants of algebraic varieties", Proc. London Math. Soc. 43(2), 127-138, "The arithmetical invariants of algebraic loci", Proc. London Math. Soc. 43(2), 190-225
- 1939: "The geometrical invariants of algebraic loci", Proc. London Math. Soc. 45, 410-424
- 1953: "An extreme duodenary form", Can. J. Math. 5, 384-392 (with Harold Scott MacDonald Coxeter)
- 1954: "Finite unitary reflection groups", Canadian Journal of Mathematics 6, 274-304 (with Geoffrey Colin Shephard)
- 1960: "On complex Stiefel manifolds", Mathematical Proc. Camb. Phil. Soc. 56, 342-353 (with Michael Atiyah)
- 1966: "A representation of the Mathieu group M24 as a collineation group", Ann. Mat. Pura Appl. 71(4), 199-238
- Atiyah, M. (1996). "John Arthur Todd. 23 August 1908-22 December 1994". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 42: 482–494. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1996.0029.
- "Christine Hamill - Biography".
- Atiyah, M. F. (1998). "John Arthur Todd (Obituary)". Bull. London Math. Soc. 30 (3): 305–316. doi:10.1112/S0024609397003871.
- "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 28 October 2010.[permanent dead link]