J. C. Jacobsen

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
J. C. Jacobsen
J C Jacobsen.jpg
Portrait by August Jerndorff
Born(1811-09-02)2 September 1811
Died30 April 1887(1887-04-30) (aged 75)
Resting placeThe crypt, Jesus Church
NationalityDanish
OccupationBrewer and industrialist
Known forAs founder of Carlsberg

Jacob Christian Jacobsen (2 September 1811 – 30 April 1887), mostly known as J. C. Jacobsen, was a Danish industrialist and philanthropist best known for founding the brewery Carlsberg.[1]

Biography[edit]

He had no formal academic or scientific training (although he had attended some lectures by Hans Christian Ørsted). In the 1840s, he had come to realise that production of beer, which had until then been done in numerous small breweries, now had to be based on the scientific method in order to be industrialized.

Starting in 1847, he established his brewery Carlsberg in Valby on the outskirts of Copenhagen, on a site where it has remained since. He named the brewery after his son, Carl Jacobsen. Being extremely vigorous in the pursuit of producing high quality beer, he founded the Carlsberg Laboratory[2] in 1875.

He took much interest in public affairs and supported the National Liberal Party – becoming gradually more conservative – both as a Member of Parliament for some periods between 1854 and 1871 and as a strong supporter of the danish defense. Moreover he was a well-known patron of the arts. After the fire of Frederiksborg Palace in 1859, he funded the reconstruction efforts.

In 1876, Jacobsen founded the Carlsberg Foundation (Carlsbergfondet) to which he endowed with a controlling stake in Carlsberg, due to family tensions. A bitter conflict with his son Carl led to the latter's foundation of the Ny Carlsberg (New Carlsberg) Brewery 1882. A reconciliation was however obtained in 1886. [3]

His son Carl Jacobsen collected one of the largest private art collections during his time. It is now housed in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, a museum founded by him in Copenhagen.[4] [5]

Personal life[edit]

Jacobsen was married to Laura Cathrine Holst (1819-1911) and was the father of Carl Jacobsen (1842-1919). In 1879, he became an honorary doctor of the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Science and in 1884 he was bestowed Commander 1st class of the Order of the Dannebrog, a Danish order of chivalry.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brewer J.C. Jacobsen (1811-1887)". carlsbergfondet.dk. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Torben Holck Colding. "Carl Jacobsen". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Gyldendal. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  3. ^ "Carlsbergfondet – passion for perfektion". carlsbergfondet.dk. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  4. ^ "Link from Glyptoteket.dk site about the collection". Archived from the original on 2010-06-19.
  5. ^ "Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek". visitcopenhagen.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.

Literature[edit]