J. C. Jacobsen

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J. C. Jacobsen
J C Jacobsen.jpg
Portrait by August Jerndorff
Born(1811-09-02)2 September 1811
Died30 April 1887(1887-04-30) (aged 75)
Resting placeThe crypt, Jesus Church
NationalityDanish
OccupationBrewer and industrialist
Known forAs founder of Carlsberg

Jacob Christian Jacobsen (2 September 1811 – 30 April 1887), mostly known as J. C. Jacobsen, was a Danish industrialist and philanthropist best known for founding the brewery Carlsberg. [1]

Biography[edit]

He had no formal academic or scientific training (although he had attended some lectures by Hans Christian Ørsted). In the 1840s, he had come to realise that production of beer, which had until then been done in numerous small breweries, now had to be based on scientific method to be industrialized.

Starting in 1847, he established his brewery Carlsberg in Valby on the outskirts of Copenhagen, on a site where it has remained since. It named the brewery after his son, Carl Jacobsen. Being extremely scrupulous as for the securing of high quality beer, in 1875 he founded the Carlsberg Laboratory.[2]

He took much interest in public affairs and supported the National Liberal Party – being gradually more of a conservative – both as a Member of Parliament for some periods between 1854 and 1871 and as a strong supporter of the case of defence. Besides he was a well-known patron of art. After the fire of Frederiksborg Palace in 1859, he paid its rebuilding.

In 1876, Jacobsen founded the Carlsberg Foundation (Carlsbergfondet) which became his heir because of family problems of the next years. A bitter conflict with his son Carl led to the latter's foundation of the Ny Carlsberg (New Carlsberg) Brewery 1882. A reconciliation was however obtained 1886. [3]

His son Carl Jacobsen created one of the largest private art collections of his time. It is now housed in the Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek, a museum founded by him in Copenhagen.[4] [5]

Personal life[edit]

Jacobsen was married to Laura Cathrine Holst (1819-1911) and was the father of Carl Jacobsen (1842-1919). In 1879, he became honorary doctor at the University of Copenhagen Faculty of Science and in 1884 commanded 1st degree by the Order of the Dannebrog,

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Brewer J.C. Jacobsen (1811-1887)". carlsbergfondet.dk. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  2. ^ Torben Holck Colding. "Carl Jacobsen". Dansk Biografisk Leksikon, Gyldendal. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  3. ^ "Carlsbergfondet – passion for perfektion". carlsbergfondet.dk. Retrieved June 1, 2019.
  4. ^ "Link from Glyptoteket.dk site about the collection". Archived from the original on 2010-06-19.
  5. ^ "Ny Carlsberg Glyptotek". visitcopenhagen.com. Retrieved June 1, 2019.

Literature[edit]