J. C. Ryle
J. C. Ryle
|Bishop of Liverpool|
|Church||Church of England|
|Installed||19 April 1880|
|Term ended||1 March 1900|
|Born||10 May 1816|
|Died||10 June 1900 (aged 84)|
He was the eldest son of John Ryle, private banker, of Park House, Macclesfield, M.P. for Macclesfield 1833–7, and Susanna, daughter of Charles Hurt of Wirksworth, Derbyshire. He was born at Macclesfield on 10 May 1816.
He was educated at Eton and the University of Oxford, where his career was unusually distinguished. He was Fell exhibitioner at Christ Church, from which foundation he matriculated on 15 May 1834. He was Craven scholar in 1836, graduated B.A. in 1838, having been placed in the first-class in literæ humaniores in the preceding year, and proceeded M.A. in 1871. He was created D.D. by diploma on 4 May 1880.
Ryle left the university with the intention of standing for parliament on the first opportunity, but was unable to do so because of his father's bankruptcy. He took holy orders (1841–42) and became curate at Exbury, Hampshire. In 1843, he was preferred to the rectory of St Thomas, Winchester, which he exchanged in the following year for that of Helmingham, Suffolk. The latter living he retained until 1861, when he resigned it for the vicarage of Stradbroke in the same county. The restoration of Stradbroke church was due to his initiative. In 1869, he was made rural dean of Hoxne, and in 1872 honorary canon of Norwich. He was select preacher at Cambridge in 1873 and the following year, and at Oxford from 1874 to 1876, and in 1879 and the following year. In 1880, he was designated dean of Salisbury, and at once, 19 April, advanced to the newly created see of Liverpool, which he ably administered until his death at Lowestoft on 10 June 1900. He is buried at All Saints Church, Childwall, Liverpool.
He married three times but his first two wives died young. The first marriage was on 29 October 1845, to Matilda Charlotte Louisa, daughter of John Pemberton Plumptre, of Fredville, Kent. The second, in March 1850, was to Jessy, daughter of John Walker of Crawfordton, Dumfriesshire. The third, on 24 October 1861, was to Henrietta, daughter of Lieutenant-colonel William Legh Clowes of Broughton Old Hall, Lancashire. He had a daughter by his first wife, and three sons by his second wife. His second son, Herbert Edward Ryle also a clergyman, became successively Bishop of Exeter, Bishop of Winchester and Dean of Westminster.
Ryle was a strong supporter of the evangelical school and a critic of ritualism. He was a writer, pastor and an evangelical preacher. Among his longer works are Christian Leaders of the Eighteenth Century (1869), Expository Thoughts on the Gospels (7 vols, 1856–69), and Principles for Churchmen (1884). Ryle was described as having a commanding presence and vigorous in advocating his principles albeit with a warm disposition. He was also credited with having success in evangelizing the blue collar community. He was a strong believer in the return of the Jews to their own land as being prophesied in the Bible and thus was part of the movement that led to the Balfour Declaration.
- The Cross: A Call to the Fundamentals of Religion (1852)
- Expository Thoughts on Matthew, (HTM, LibriVox audio)
- Expository Thoughts on Mark, (HTM, LibriVox audio)
- Expository Thoughts on Luke, (HTM), Vol. 1, Vol. 2, LibriVox audio: Vol. 1, Vol. 2
- Expository Thoughts on John, (HTM) Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3, LibriVox audio: Vol. 1, Vol. 2, Vol. 3
- Coming Events And Present Duties, and Prophecy, (1867) Now published as Are You Ready for the End of Time?
- Shall We Know One Another, (1870)
- Knots Untied, (1877)
- Holiness: Its Nature, Hindrances, Difficulties and Roots, (1877, enlarged 1879), (HTM)
- Practical Religion: Being Plain Papers on the Daily Duties, Experience, Dangers, and Privileges of Professing Christians, (1878)
- Higher Criticism: Some Thoughts on Modern Theories about the Old Testament (1880)
- Simplicity in Preaching, (1882)
- Upper Room: Being a Few Truths for the Times, (1887)
- The Duties of Parents, (1888)
- Light From Old Times: or Protestant Facts And Men, (1890) (partially reprinted as Five English Reformers)
- Bible Inspiration: Its Reality And Nature (1877)
- Christian Leaders of the Last Century (1873)
- Warnings to the Churches (1967)
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Rigg, James McMullen (1901). "Ryle, John Charles". Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Biography, Tracts, and Articles on or by JC Ryle.
- Works by J. C. Ryle at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about J. C. Ryle at Internet Archive
- Works by J. C. Ryle at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- The Evangelical Bishop: The JC Ryle Book Shelf, archived from the original on 26 October 2009.
- Advice to young Men: Thoughts For Young Men (PDF), Wretched radio, archived from the original (PDF) on 18 July 2011.
- The Teaching of the Ritualists not the Teaching of the Church of England (PDF) (tract), Church Association.
- Faithfulness and Holiness: The Witness of J.C. Ryle: An Appreciation, Bible.org.
- The J. C. Ryle Collection, Bible BB.
- What Think Ye of Christ?, Bible BB. A famous Christmas sermon relating Matthew 22:42 to the question of who is a Christian.
- Toon, Peter; Smout, Michael (1976), John Charles Ryle, Evangelical Bishop, Reiner Publications, archived from the original on 10 October 2011.
- Clark, M Guthrie, JC Ryle (Biography), Church Society.
- Ryle, JC, Sermons, Reformed sermon archives, archived from the original on 5 January 2013
- ————, Tracts.
- The J.C. Ryle Archive