J. Christopher Flowers
J. Christopher Flowers
James Christopher Flowers
October 27, 1957
|Residence||London, England |
|Alma mater||Harvard University (A.B., 1979)|
|Employer||J.C. Flowers & Co.|
Goldman Sachs (prior)
|Known for||Financial services investor|
|Net worth||est. $1.18 billion (as of July 2017)|
|Board member of||Shinsei Bank, NIBC|
|Children||Two daughters; two step-daughters|
James Christopher Flowers (born October 27, 1957) is an American private equity investor and investment manager focused on the financial services industry. He is a Managing Director and CEO of J.C. Flowers & Co., and a member of the firm's Management Committee.
Early life and education
Flowers worked at Goldman Sachs for 19 years starting in March 1979, and was a founder of Goldman's lucrative financial institutions merger practice in the 1980s. Flowers was named partner in 1988, the same year as former Goldman CEO Lloyd Blankfein and former Merrill Lynch CEO John Thain. At 31, he was one of the youngest Goldman Sachs partners in history. Flowers retired from Goldman in 1998, one of fifteen partners to leave the bank prior to its 1998 initial public offering.
In 1998, Flowers founded J.C. Flowers & Co., a private equity advisory and fund management firm which has acquired major equity stakes in Shinsei, NIBC Bank, HSH Nordbank and other financial institutions.  As of 2017, the company manages assets of US $6.7 billion.
Flowers was the main partner of Ripplewood Holdings CEO Tim Collins in the 2000 acquisition of Long-Term Credit Bank of Japan to form Shinsei Bank. He became a director of Shinsei Bank in March 2000 and continues to hold that position. Shinsei's initial public offering in 2004 netted a profit of approximately $1 billion for himself and $7 billion total for his investment group. However, the value of the investor group's stake decreased in the following years.
After an unsuccessful attempt to arrange an acquisition of Sallie Mae in 2007, Flowers became deeply involved in the financial crisis of September 2008. He was approached by AIG to advise it on avoiding an imminent financial collapse. Flowers was well acquainted with Treasury Secretary Henry Paulson from their days together at Goldman Sachs, and was among the first to warn Paulson of the impending disaster at AIG. Flowers continued to advise Bank of America as it gave up on a Lehman acquisition and went on to acquire Merrill Lynch. Flowers's role in the crisis was portrayed by Michael O'Keefe in the 2011 HBO film Too Big to Fail.
In September 2008, Flowers also purchased the First National Bank of Cainesville, a regional bank in Missouri, renaming it Flowers National Bank. Flowers sold the bank to Farmers Bank of Northern Missouri in 2016.
In June 2014, Flowers completed the first public listing of a British bank on the London Stock Exchange’s main market for more than a decade when he floated U.K. bank OneSavings Bank (OSB), a small business and mortgage lender he bought into in 2010. Later that year he argued that banking regulations in the wake of the 2008 financial crisis had depressed profitability so much that lenders would struggle to attract enough investors to survive the next financial crisis. In 2016, Fortune reported that he suffered heavy losses from the Brexit vote, largely as a result of private equity investments in OSB; however, by 2018, Flowers had completely exited OSB in one of the most profitable recent financial services deals.
In 2016, Flowers took a stance on the growing fintech sector, stating that it would "mostly end in tears" because “the tech idea that you must get big fast and dominate a sector" is not transferable to the financial-services sector.
J Christopher Flowers is the founder of the Anne and Chris Flowers Foundation and the J.C. Flowers Foundation. The J.C Flowers Foundation has local African teams in Angola, Namibia, Zambia and Zimbabwe, as well as Harlem in the US. In 2004, the Flowers Foundation launched NetsforLife, a partnership working with Episcopal Relief & Development to fight malaria in Africa. Flowers also co-founded the Isdell:Flowers Cross Border Malaria Initiative and supports the Harlem Parolee Initiative.
Flowers joined the Kasparov Chess Foundation Board in February 2015.
Flowers established the Woodford L. and Ann A. Flowers University Professorship at Harvard in honor of his parents in 2003. The current professor endowed by the fund is George Whitesides. Flowers also participated in the creation of the Harvard Professorship Challenge Fund in 2006, a $50 million fund to endow further professors.
Flowers is a trustee of the New York Philharmonic Orchestra.
- Doran, James (2007-10-07). "Heart of steel in banker who wants the Rock". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- 36 New Goldman Partners Symbolize a Global Outlook. New York Times, October 18, 1988
- Arnold, Martin. "J Christopher Flowers: after the storm, the deals". Financial Times. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "NIBC Board". www.nibc.com. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- "J.C. Flowers & Co. LLC - Financial Services Firm, New York, New York - BrightScope Advisor Pages". www.brightscope.com. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- "The 400 Richest Americans in 2006". Forbes. 2006-09-21.
- Flowers profile at Shinsei Bank
- "This Is How Chris Flowers Scored The Most Profitable Private-Equity Deal Of All Time". Business Insider. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- Dealbook (November 20, 2007). "Revisiting Flowers' (First) Shinsei Deal". DealBook. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- Celarier, Michelle. "Prominent Wall Street Dealmaker Is One of Brexit's First Big Victims". Fortune. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- "Flowers Bank profile". Flowers Bank website. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "Bloomberg Overview of Flowers National Bank". Bloomberg. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- Arnold, Martin. "J Christopher Flowers warns of banking crisis". CNBC. Retrieved 10 August 2015.
- "BJC Flowers' OneSavings Looks Like Winner in Battle of Private Equity-Backed Challenger Banks". Private Equity News. Retrieved 2018-07-16.
- Clark, Simon. "'Fintech' Will Mostly End in Tears, Christopher Flowers Says". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 2 May 2017.
- "JCF Foundation Profile". JC Flowers Foundation. Retrieved 18 September 2015.
- "Billionaire Investor Joins Kasparov Chess Foundation | chess-news.ru". chess-news.ru. Retrieved 2017-07-14.
- "Professorship Challenge Fund set into motion". Harvard University Gazette. Harvard University Gazette. Retrieved 10 August 2015.