John Clifford Wallace
|This article relies largely or entirely upon a single source. (June 2014)|
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
January 31, 1991 – April 8, 1996
|Preceded by||Alfred Goodwin|
|Succeeded by||Procter Hug|
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit|
June 28, 1972 – April 8, 1996
|Appointed by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||James Carter|
|Succeeded by||Kim Wardlaw|
|Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California|
October 16, 1970 – June 28, 1972
|Appointed by||Richard Nixon|
|Preceded by||Seat established|
|Succeeded by||William Enright|
December 11, 1928 |
San Diego, California, U.S.
|Education||San Diego State University (BA)
University of California, Berkeley (LLB)
John Clifford Wallace (born December 11, 1928) is a United States federal judge.
Born in San Diego, California, Wallace received a B.A. from San Diego State University in 1952, and an LL.B. from University of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law in 1955. He served in the United States Navy as a Second Class Petty Officer from 1946 to 1949. He was in private practice in San Diego from 1955 to 1970, at the law firm of Gray Carey Ames & Frye.
Wallace served as a federal trial-court judge on the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, having been nominated by U.S. President Richard Nixon on October 7, 1970, to a new seat created by 84 Stat. 294. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 13, 1970, and received his commission on October 16, 1970.
Wallace was subsequently nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by Nixon on May 22, 1972, to a seat vacated by James Marshall Carter. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on June 28, 1972, and received his commission the same day. Wallace served as Chief Judge of the Ninth Circuit from 1991 to 1996. He assumed senior status on April 8, 1996. As a senior judge, Wallace has a reduced caseload, but he continues to hear cases in the Ninth Circuit, and he sits by designation from time to time as a visiting judge on other federal appellate courts.
Throughout his career as an appellate judge, Wallace has been deeply interested in developing strong judicial systems around the world. Wallace's support for the "rule of law" movement, which seeks to impart the concepts and ideals of an independent judiciary and impartial judicial system, dates to 1972, when he began using personal vacation time to visit judiciaries overseas. After taking senior status, he began to spend about half his time on the effort. In all, he has worked directly with judiciaries in more than 50 countries and on every continent. Wallace also serves on the Asia Council of the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative.
The American Judicature Society honored Wallace with its 24th Annual Edward J. Devitt Distinguished Service to Justice Award. The award is one recognizing "significant contributions to the administration of justice, the advancement of the rule of law, and the improvement of society as a whole", and was formally presented to Wallace by U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy in ceremonies at San Diego's Spreckles Theater on October 19, 2006.
Wallace has been active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), serving in local and regional governing posts. Wallace also has long supported the Boy Scouts of America, serving on the local chapter's board of directors and executive committee from 1977 to 1993.
- Judicial Conference of the United States. Bicentennial Committee (1978). Judges of the United States. The Committee : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Retrieved 2015-07-19.
- J. Clifford Wallace Papers, MSS 7730; 20th Century Western and Mormon Manuscripts; L. Tom Perry Special Collections, Harold B. Lee Library, Brigham Young University.
- John Clifford Wallace at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
|New seat||Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California
|Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
|Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit