J. E. Neale
Neale was trained by the political historian A. F. Pollard. His first professional appointment was the chair of Modern History at the University of Manchester, and he was then to succeed his old mentor A. F. Pollard as Astor Professor of English History at University College London in 1927. He was to hold this post until 1956. In 1955, Neale was knighted, and on 17 November 1958 he delivered a lecture in Washington, D.C. commemorating Elizabeth I's accession to the English throne four hundred years previously. From 1956, Neale was Professor Emeritus, but continued to do some academic teaching at University College London.
Neale is viewed (along with A. F. Pollard) as a traditionalist historian, whose views have been subsequently undermined by later generations of revisionist historians (for example Norman L. Jones). He is well known for his thesis on the Elizabethan Puritan Choir, in which he claimed that a group of Puritan MPs successfully managed to force Elizabeth I's hand on many policy issues throughout her reign, including at the start. Neale also saw the roots of the English Civil War in what he perceived to be the obstructive and rebellious nature of Elizabeth I's Parliaments, a view questioned by later historians. Neale is also recognised for his work in bringing to light new sources on Tudor England, and developing different ways of studying the period.
Other positions held
- Trustee of the London Museum
- Member of the Editorial Board of the History of Parliament
- Fellow of the British Academy
- Honorary Member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences
- Queen Elizabeth I (1934)
- The Elizabethan Political Scene (1948)
- The Elizabethan House of Commons (1949)
- Elizabeth I and her Parliaments (1957)
- Essays in Elizabethan History (1958)
- The Age of Catherine de Medici (1963)
- Short biography of Neale, in Neale, J. (1971) Queen Elizabeth I. Pelican.
- "Neale lecture tonight". University College London. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- "Marries Student". Singapore Daily News. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Neale, Sir John Ernest (1890–1975)". Making History. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 2009-02-25.
- Patrick Collinson, "Neale, Sir John Ernest (1890–1975)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, (2004) online, accessed 24 Aug 2011
- Harold Hulme, "Elizabeth I and Her Parliaments: The Work of Sir John Neale," Journal of Modern History Vol. 30, No. 3 (Sep., 1958), pp. 236-240 in JSTOR
- Headstone in Harrogate Cemetery