J. Frank Raley Jr.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from J. Frank Raley)
Jump to: navigation, search
J. Frank Raley Jr.
Member of the Maryland Senate
from the 29th district
In office
1963 – 1966[1][2]
Member of the Maryland House of Delegates
from the 29th district
In office
1955 – 1959[3][4]
Personal details
Born John Frank Raley, Jr.
(1926-09-13)September 13, 1926[5][6]
Park Hall Estates, Maryland[7][8]
Died August 21, 2012(2012-08-21) (aged 85)[9]
St. Mary's City, Maryland[10][11]
Political party Democratic
Alma mater Georgetown University[12][13]
Military service
Service/branch United States Army[14][15]
Years of service 1945–1946[16][17]

J. Frank Raley, Jr., (September 13, 1926 – August 21, 2012), whose full name was John Frank Raley, Jr., was a Maryland politician[18][19] and an advocate for education,[20][21] economic development[22][23][24] and protection and restoration of the Chesapeake Bay.[25][26]

He was a Democrat State Senator[27] and also prior to that, a member of the Maryland House of Delegates[28][29][30] and is widely credited for modernizing St. Mary's County's badly outdated infrastructure[31] (schools, roads, bridges, telecommunications and electric services),[32] thus paving the way for a forty-year period of economic growth and development.[33]

He is also credited with getting the Maryland State Legislature to establish St. Mary's College of Maryland as a four-year liberal arts college[34][35][36][37] and served on its Board of Trustees for years,[38][39] guiding[40] and advocating for[41] the school's further development.[42][43]

He has been called, by area historians and newspapers, a founder of modern St. Mary's County.[44][45]

Early life[edit]

He was born in St. Mary's County, Maryland[46][47][48] and grew up in a family of politicians[49] to include his father, grandfather, and great-grandfather. He grew up during the Great Depression,[50] and learned about politics through his family at a young age.

Raley attended parochial schools in St. Mary's County,[51] as well as the Charlotte Hall Military Academy for high school[52][53][54] and received his B.A. from Georgetown University.[55][56][57] He also served in the United States Army during World War Two.[58][59] He also was a general insurance agent.[60]

Career[edit]

1962: Raley challenges the County Political Machine[edit]

In 1962 Raley organized a slate of candidates who ran with him to replace the County political machine[61] that had presided over economic stagnation for decades. He was elected,[62] and followed this with a large scale and ultimately successful campaign that he led while he was both in and out of office to bring modern development[63] and improvements in education to the St. Mary's County.[64][65]

Role in economic development, modernization of St. Mary's County[edit]

Background[edit]

St. Mary's County had long struggled with rural poverty, a legacy of the plantation system that had previously dominated the county through to the 1800s. The plantation system had left a legacy of huge disparities in education and income in the county. It had long depressed the development of the local labor market and had created a widespread pattern of concentrated landholdings, leaving most non-landowning county residents (both Black and White) poor and uneducated.

Consequently, long-term cycles of poverty persisted among the non-landed peoples of the county. This pattern continued into the 20th century, leaving the county's wealth concentrated in very few hands.

Raley's dream of eliminating rural poverty in St. Mary's County[edit]

Raley, while still in college at Georgetown University, determined that he wanted to do something to change the economic patterns in the county.[66] He was known for persisting with this vision throughout his entire career of political and then civic involvement.[67] In the late 1950s he ran for office in the Maryland House of delegates. He served there for a time before making a successful run for the Maryland State Senate. It was in the senate where his influence became sufficient to begin to leverage funding for modernization projects[68] and also political reform[69] for the county,[70] moving a large number of community capitol improvements into action.[71]

State Senate[edit]

He was very successful in the Senate a relatively short period of time,[72] proving himself adept at politics and leveraging the state legislature to provide many key state projects to economically develop St. Mary's County and to also add new schools.

As a State Senator,[73] Raley was largely credited with providing most of the new infrastructure that was required to economically develop St. Mary's County.[74][75] According to Raley, over 100 pieces of legislation were needed to bring the schools, roads, and bridges, including the Governor Thomas Johnson Memorial Bridge[76] to the county. Raley chaired the Public Buildings Committee the entire time he served in the Maryland Senate. From this position he was able to launch the largest economic infrastructure development and modernization program in St. Mary's County's history. He is credited with playing pivotal roles in transforming the county,[77] clearing the way significantly for the last 40 years of economic development in the county.[78]

Defeat[edit]

Raley's elective office career was cut short when a successful smear campaign falsely accused him of attempting to directly eliminate the very popular slot machines (gambling) that were all over the county at the time. In fact he had supported a measure to forward a referendum on the issue that would have put the decision in the hands of voters in St. Mary's County.

He had not taken any direct action against the machines in the State Senate himself, although he did say years later that he never liked the slot machines, or how they affected county life. However, his political opponents were successful in convincing the majority of the county residents at the time that he was actively working to eliminate the machines in the county. The slot machine issue generated a great deal of anger at Raley at the time, and he never again ran for office.

Raley remained very active in county and state politics nevertheless, sitting on many development boards and using his own influence and family connections to lobby the state legislature on the county's behalf. He continued working in this capacity for the rest of his life.

After the Senate[edit]

Instead of retiring from politics Raley became extremely active in numerous local and regional economic development boards and commissions,[79] as well as running his own local retail business. He also worked tirelessly for decades to get the state to expand and further develop St. Mary's College of Maryland.

He also became very involved in promoting environmental and policy advancements for the restoration and protection of the Chesapeake Bay for which he was later recognized by the state of Maryland. He continued these efforts for the rest of his life.

Key post-legislative positions held[edit]

After losing re-election to the Maryland Senate, Raley also became a delegate to the 1967 Constitutional Convention of Maryland.[103][104]

Expansion of Patuxent River Naval Air Station[edit]

Raley played key roles in getting the base expanded at a time when it was facing possible closure.[105] He also was instrumental in helping to prevent several other possible closure attempts, and helped put the base on a strong footing for long-term survival.[106]

Raley's efforts to expand education in the county[edit]

Education expansion county-wide as a part of his anti-poverty campaign[edit]

As a part of his effort to eliminate rural poverty in St. Mary's County, J Frank Raley is credited with significantly expanding primary, secondary and post secondary education by securing numerous capitol programs for education in the Maryland Legislature.[107]

Raley then followed this with years of ongoing, relentless education-related advocacy on behalf of the county.[108]

Transformation of St. Mary's College from a Junior College to a Four-Year Liberal Arts College[edit]

Raley was also instrumental in expanding the then two-year St. Mary's Seminary Junior College into the four-year St. Mary's College of Maryland.[109][110][111] Under Raley's decades long board leadership the school then rose to national prominence, now ranked as the 5th best public college in the United States by U.S. News & World Report.

I consider education as the most important of all public problems. For sound progress in any community, [the community] must first develop to the fullest extent, the minds of its children.[112]

- J. Frank Raley, Jr., 26 April 1962[113]

Under Raley's decades long board leadership,[114][115] the school rose steadily to national prominence, becoming one of the top ranked public colleges in the United States.

Board of trustees service[edit]

Raley also played many key roles in the further development of St. Mary's College and its eventual rise to national prominence. Raley served on the Board of Trustees for the college[116] from 1967 to 1991[117] and counseled every president of the college from then until his death in 2012.[118]

Instrumental in Establishing the Center for the Study of Democracy at St. Mary's College[edit]

Raley had a great interest in democracy and education and was also instrumental in establishing the Center for the Study of Democracy at St. Mary's College.[119]

Honors[edit]

  • The Maryland Senate declared Raley one of Maryland's First Citizens" in 2006. One of the most prestigious awards that a citizen of Maryland can achieve.
  • For his dedication to St. Mary's College, Raley was awarded the schools highest honor, the Order of the Ark and Dove.[120][121][122] In addition to the award, the college dining hall in the campus center was officially named the "Raley Great Room".[123][124] An oil portrait of him hangs on the wall of the great room to honor and remember him.[125]

Acquisition of land for Point Lookout State Park[edit]

Raley was also instrumental in getting the state to acquire the land for Point Lookout State Park, now a nationally recognized historic and recreation area.[126]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  2. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  3. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  4. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  5. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  6. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  7. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  8. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  9. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  10. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  11. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  12. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  13. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  14. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  15. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  16. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  17. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  18. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  19. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  20. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  21. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  22. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  23. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  24. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  25. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  26. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  27. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  28. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  29. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  30. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  31. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  32. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  33. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  34. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  35. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  36. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  37. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  38. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  39. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  40. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  41. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  42. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  43. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  44. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
  45. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  46. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  47. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  48. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  49. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  50. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  51. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  52. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  53. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  54. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  55. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  56. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  57. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  58. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  59. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  60. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  61. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  62. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  63. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  64. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  65. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  66. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  67. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  68. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  69. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  70. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  71. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  72. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  73. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr.", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/msa02738.html
  74. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  75. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  76. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  77. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  78. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  79. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. (1926 - 2012)", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Index.html
  80. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  81. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  82. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  83. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  84. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  85. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  86. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  87. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  88. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  89. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  90. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  91. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  92. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  93. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  94. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  95. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  96. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  97. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  98. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  99. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  100. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  101. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  102. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  103. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr. Passes Away", Leonardtown MD - 8/21/2012, Baynet.com, Dick Myers, http://www.thebaynet.com/news/index.cfm/fa/viewstory/story_ID/29155
  104. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  105. ^ "On the Campaign Trail", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Campaigning.html
  106. ^ "On the Campaign Trail", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Campaigning.html
  107. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  108. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  109. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  110. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  111. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  112. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
  113. ^ "J. Frank Raley, Jr.: On Higher Education", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/jfreducation.html
  114. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  115. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  116. ^ Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series), "J. Frank Raley, Jr., Biography", MSA SC 3520-2738, http://msa.maryland.gov/megafile/msa/speccol/sc3500/sc3520/002700/002738/html/2738bio.html
  117. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  118. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  119. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  120. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  121. ^ "Raley remembered as ‘chief architect’ of modern St. Mary’s", The Washington Post, Jason Babcock, August 29, 2012, https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/raley-remembered-as-chief-architect-of-modern-st-marys/2012/08/28/a864f886-f090-11e1-ba17-c7bb037a1d5b_story.html
  122. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  123. ^ "St. Mary’s College Mourns the Passing of J. Frank Raley", Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://lexleader.net/st-marys-college-mourns-passing-frank-raley/
  124. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  125. ^ "J. Frank Raley, 85, St. Mary’s City", Southern Maryland Newspapers Online, Wednesday, August 22, 2012, http://www.somdnews.com/article/20120822/misc/708229670/-1/j-frank-raley-85-st-mary-s-city&template=southernmaryland
  126. ^ "On the Campaign Trail", The Slackwater Center, St. Mary's College of Maryland, http://www.smcm.edu/slackwater/onlineexhibits/JFrankRaley/Campaigning.html