J. Hamilton Lewis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Hamilton Lewis
Hamilton lewis.jpg
Senate Majority Whip
In office
March 4, 1933 – April 9, 1939
LeaderJoe Robinson
Alben W. Barkley
Preceded bySimeon D. Fess
Succeeded bySherman Minton
In office
May 28, 1913 – March 3, 1919
LeaderJohn W. Kern
Thomas S. Martin
Preceded byPosition established
Succeeded byCharles Curtis
United States Senator
from Illinois
In office
March 4, 1931 – April 9, 1939
Preceded byCharles S. Deneen
Succeeded byJames M. Slattery
In office
March 26, 1913 – March 3, 1919
Preceded byShelby Cullom
Succeeded byMedill McCormick
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's at-large district
In office
March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1899
Preceded byWilliam H. Doolittle
Succeeded byFrancis W. Cushman
Personal details
Born
James Hamilton Lewis

(1863-05-18)May 18, 1863
Danville, Virginia, U.S.
DiedApril 9, 1939(1939-04-09) (aged 75)
Washington, D.C., U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
EducationUniversity of Virginia
Ohio Northern University
Baylor University

James Hamilton Lewis (May 18, 1863 – April 9, 1939) was an American attorney and politician. Sometimes referred to as J. Ham Lewis or Ham Lewis, he represented Washington in the United States House of Representatives, and Illinois in the United States Senate. He was the first to hold the title of Whip in the United States Senate.

Born in Danville, Virginia and raised in Augusta, Georgia, Lewis attended several colleges, studied law, and attained admission to the bar in 1882. He moved to Washington Territory in 1885, where he became active in politics as a Democrat; he served in the territorial legislature, worked with the federal commission that helped establish the U.S.-Canada boundary, and ran unsuccessfully for governor. He served in the United States House of Representatives from 1897 to 1899.

After service in the Spanish–American War, Lewis relocated to Chicago, Illinois. After serving as the city's corporation counsel, and running unsuccessfully for governor, Lewis won election to the United States Senate in 1912, and served one term (1913-1919). He was chosen to serve as Majority Whip, and was the first person to hold this position. He ran unsuccessfully for reelection in 1918, and for governor in 1920. In 1930, he was again elected to the U.S. Senate, and served from 1931 until his death. He died in Washington, DC, and was buried in Arlington, Virginia.

Early life[edit]

Lewis was born in Danville, Virginia on May 18, 1863, and grew up in Augusta, Georgia.[1] He attended Augusta's Houghton School, the University of Virginia, Ohio Northern University and Baylor University, and studied law in Savannah, Georgia.[1] He was admitted to the bar in 1882, and moved to Seattle in 1885, where he continued to practice law.[1] A Democrat, he served in Washington Territory's legislature from 1887 to 1888. In 1889 and 1890, Lewis worked with the Joint High Commission on Canadian and Alaska Boundaries to present the U.S. position.[1] He was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Washington in 1892.[1]

Political career[edit]

Lewis was one of the few politicians to represent two states in the United States Congress. He represented Washington (1897–1899) in the United States House of Representatives, and was an unsuccessful candidate for election in 1898.[1] In 1899, he served as a U.S. Commissioner for regulating customs laws between the United States and Canada, and was an unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate.[1] During the Spanish–American War, Lewis served on the staff of the adjutant general of the Washington National Guard as an assistant inspector general with the rank of lieutenant colonel.[1] He was subsequently promoted to colonel, and served in a similar role in Cuba on the staff of John R. Brooke, followed by service on the staff of Frederick Dent Grant.[1]

In 1896 and 1900, Lewis was an unsuccessful candidate for the Democratic vice presidential nomination.[1] In 1903, Lewis relocated to Chicago, where he continued to practice law, and served as the city's corporation counsel from 1905 to 1907.[1] In 1908, he was an unsuccessful candidate for Governor of Illinois.[1]

In 1912, Lewis was elected to the U.S. Senate from Illinois; he served one term (1913–1919), and was the Majority Whip for his entire term. In 1914, he was the Senate's representative at a London conference that considered way to ensure that laws and treaties guaranteeing safe sea travel could still be implemented as World War I was beginning.[1] Lewis also served as chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of State from 1915 to 1919.[1] A close ally of President Woodrow Wilson, Lewis was a leader in getting much of Wilson's "New Freedom" legislation passed. Lewis also performed unspecified special wartime duties in Europe which led to him receiving knighthoods from the kings of Belgium and Greece.[1] In October 1918, Lewis was aboard an army ship, the USS Mount Vernon, when it was hit by German fire.[2] Lewis and others survived the blast, but 35 of the ship's crewmen perished.[3]

Upon his defeat for reelection in 1918, Lewis was offered the ambassadorship to Belgium, but he declined and returned private legal practice in Chicago, Illinois. In 1920, he ran unsuccessfully for governor. He eventually became a partner in the newly named Lewis, Adler, Lederer & Kahn (now known as Saul Ewing Arnstein & Lehr, LLP).[4]

J. Hamilton Lewis, 1921.[5]

In 1921, 1922, and 1925, Lewis was part of the U.S. delegation to League of Nations conferences held to settle wartime damage claims.[6]

In 1930, Lewis was again elected to the Senate; he was reelected in 1936 and served from March 4, 1931 until his death.[6] He again served as the Majority Whip, this time from 1933 until his death. In addition, he was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in Executive Departments from 1933 until his death.[6]

In 1932, Lewis went to the Democratic National Convention in Chicago, as the "favorite son" candidate of Illinois, at the behest of Chicago mayor Anton Cermak. Cermak's hope was to use Lewis to keep the Illinois delegates from supporting Franklin Delano Roosevelt, but Lewis later withdrew his name from consideration and released his delegates, many of whom went to FDR and helped secure him the nomination.

Lewis was one of the first to befriend the new, and rather intimidated, Senator Harry S. Truman. In 1935, during Truman's first few weeks in office, Lewis sat next to Truman and kindly said "Harry, don't start out with an inferiority complex. For the first six months you'll wonder how the hell you got here. After that you'll wonder how the hell rest of us got here."[7]

Lewis was known to be something of an eccentric in manner and dress, wearing spats well into the 1930s, and sporting Van Dyke whiskers and a collection of "wavy pink toupees".[8] He was courtly in manner, and while some considered him verbose, he was generally acknowledged to be a talented orator.[9][10]

Death and burial[edit]

Lewis died at Garfield Hospital in Washington, DC, and his funeral service was held in the Senate Chamber.[6] He was buried at the Abbey Mausoleum near Arlington National Cemetery;[6] it was demolished in 2001, and his remains were moved to an unknown location.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o James Hamilton Lewis, Late a Senator from Illinois, p. 5.
  2. ^ Chicago Tribune, October 8, 1918
  3. ^ Chicago Tribune, October 8, 1918
  4. ^ Chicago Tribune, November 11, 1923
  5. ^ Taylor, Julius F. "The Broad Ax". Illinois Digital Newspaper Collections. Retrieved 18 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e James Hamilton Lewis, Late a Senator from Illinois, p. 6.
  7. ^ McCullough, David: Truman. Simon and Schuster, New York, New York. 1992. P. 214
  8. ^ Brave Companions: Portraits in History, p. 230.
  9. ^ "Hon. James Hamilton Lewis", p. 376.
  10. ^ The Senate, 1789-1989, p. 470.

Sources[edit]

Books[edit]

Magazines[edit]

  • George, Charles E. (October 1, 1915). "Hon. James Hamilton Lewis". The Lawyer & Banker and Southern Bench & Bar Review. New Orleans, LA: Lawyers and Bankers Company.

External links[edit]

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
William H. Doolittle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Washington's at-large congressional district

1897–1899
Succeeded by
Francis W. Cushman
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Shelby Cullom
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Illinois
1913–1919
Served alongside: Lawrence Yates Sherman
Succeeded by
Medill McCormick
New office Senate Majority Whip
1913–1919
Succeeded by
Charles Curtis
Preceded by
William Kenyon
Chair of the Senate State Department Expenditures Committee
1915–1919
Succeeded by
Lawrence C. Phipps
Preceded by
Charles S. Deneen
U.S. Senator (Class 2) from Illinois
1931–1939
Served alongside: Otis F. Glenn, William H. Dieterich, Scott W. Lucas
Succeeded by
James M. Slattery
Preceded by
Simeon D. Fess
Senate Majority Whip
1933–1939
Succeeded by
Sherman Minton
Preceded by
Frederick Steiwer
Chair of the Senate Executive Expenditures Committee
1933–1939
Succeeded by
Frederick Van Nuys
Party political offices
New office Senate Democratic Whip
1913–1919
Succeeded by
Peter G. Gerry
First Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Illinois
(Class 2)

1918
Succeeded by
Albert Sprague
Preceded by
Edward Fitzsimmons Dunne
Democratic nominee for Governor of Illinois
1920
Succeeded by
Norman L. Jones
Preceded by
Albert Sprague
Democratic nominee for U.S. Senator from Illinois
(Class 2)

1930, 1936
Succeeded by
James M. Slattery
Preceded by
Morris Sheppard
Senate Democratic Whip
1933–1939
Succeeded by
Sherman Minton