J. L. Chestnut
|J.L. Chestnut, Jr.|
December 16, 1930|
September 30, 2008 (aged 77)|
|Occupation||Author, attorney, civil rights activist|
J.L. Chestnut, Jr. (December 16, 1930 – September 30, 2008) was an author, attorney, and a figure in the Civil Rights Movement. He was the first African-American attorney in Selma, Alabama, and the author of the autobiographical book, Black in Selma, which chronicles the history of the Selma Voting Rights Movement, including the 1965 Selma to Montgomery marches and Bloody Sunday.
Chestnut was born in Selma, and attended Howard University Law School. He returned home as Selma's only black attorney, and represented civil rights demonstrators at trial there when the Selma Movement began in the 1960s.
In 1986, Chestnut was one of the founders of the New South Coalition, along with Birmingham, Alabama Mayor Richard Arrington, when the Alabama Democratic Party refused to endorse Jesse Jackson for presidential candidate.
In 1994, Chestnut was active in protesting the jailing of political activist Lyndon LaRouche. He was interviewed in the Tuscaloosa News saying that when he met LaRouche, "I told him that he might as well be black and in Alabama." 
J.L. Chestnut, Jr. was the first African American lawyer in Selma, AL. He was well known for being an attorney for Martin Luther King Jr. and other respected civil rights leaders in the 1960s among civil rights protest, speeches, and marches. He was a major contributor that helped lead change for African Americans. He made advancements for African Americans voting rights and integration into law professions.
On March 7, 1965, nonviolent activists gathered protesters at Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma to march together to Montgomery. This march was to bring awareness and recognition to the discrimination, segregation and neglection of African American and other minority citizen, exercising their right to vote and be heard. Alabama state troopers attacked these civil-rights protesters, physically beating them, using tear gas, sicking dogs on them, hosing down black men, women and children. This day is known as Bloody Sunday and is a major landmark for the civil rights movement. The event was nationally televised and spread awareness around the United States, igniting change. The widespread support from the nation provoked congress to act, and a few months later in August, the 1965 Voting Rights Act was passed.
Chestnut Jr., born in Selma, Alabama, was the son of J.L. Chestnut Sr., who owned a grocery store and his mother who was an elementary school teacher. His father was forced to shut down his grocery store due to an accumulation of unpaid taxes.
When he was young, he had a mentor named John F. Sheilds who was an elementary school teacher. He advised him to "go get a law degree and fight the system." He said this because Chestnut Jr. expressed frustration with outdated textbooks and the differences in different institutions due to segregation and discrimination.
In 1953, he obtained his undergraduate degree at Dillard University in New Orleans. Here he earned a Bachelor's Degree in Business Administration. Shortly after, he attended law school at Howard University located in Washington D.C. His practices are heavily influenced by the work of Thurgood Marshall and other accomplished civil rights leaders.
He was married to Vivian Chestnut of Selma. They were married for 56 years and had 6 children before Chestnut Jr. passed away. 
J.L. Chestnut Jr. died on September 30th, 2008 at St. Vincent's Hospital located in Birmingham, Alabama. He died as the result of an infection that subsequently developed after a surgery he had just, causing his kidneys to fail. He died at the age of 77 years old. He remains influential the Selma and many other black communities.
- Weber, Bruce (2008-09-30). "J.L. Chestnut Jr., 77; Selma Lawyer and Early Leader in Civil Rights Movement". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-11-30.
- Reeves, Jay, LaRouche Contact Shocks Judge England, The Tuscaloosa News, September 30, 1994
- "J.L. Chestnut Jr., Early Leader in Civil Rights Movement, Is Dead at 77". Gale Academic OneFile. Gale A Cengage Company. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- Chestnut, Jr., J.L.; Cass, Julia (March 4, 1992). Black in Selma: The Uncommon Life of J.L. Chestnut, Jr. Oxford University Press.
- "J. L. Chestnut, Jr." Gale Biography. Gale Cengage Learning. Retrieved 9 March 2018.
- "The Legacy of Rosa Parks", article by Chestnut in Counterpunch, October 26, 2005
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