Marshall Coleman

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Marshall Coleman
Marshall Coleman 1976.jpg
33rd Attorney General of Virginia
In office
January 14, 1978 – January 16, 1982
Governor John Dalton
Preceded by Anthony F. Troy
Succeeded by Gerald L. Baliles
Member of the Virginia Senate
from the 24th district
In office
January 14, 1976 – December 2, 1977
Preceded by Frank W. Nolen
Succeeded by Frank W. Nolen
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
from the 15th district
In office
November 29, 1972 – January 14, 1976
Serving with Arthur R. Giesen
Preceded by O. Beverley Roller
Succeeded by Erwin S. Solomon
Personal details
Born John Marshall Coleman
(1942-06-08) June 8, 1942 (age 75)
Staunton, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Maureen Kelly (divorced)
Niki Coleman (divorced)
Alma mater University of Virginia
Military service
Allegiance  United States
Service/branch  United States Marine Corps
Years of service 1966–1969
Battles/wars Vietnam War

John Marshall Coleman (born June 8, 1942) is an American lawyer and Republican politician who served in both houses of the Virginia General Assembly during the 1970s. He was the first Republican elected as Attorney General of Virginia since Congressional Reconstruction and served 1978-1982, although his later campaigns for Governor of Virginia and U.S. Senate proved unsuccessful.[1]

Early and family life[edit]

Born in Staunton, Virginia to a factory worker who had become a minister and his wife, Coleman attended grammar schools during Virginia's Massive Resistance crisis. In 1951, he was shocked to find his father, who had become badly injured in an automobile accident the previous year, had committed suicide in their basement.[2] Coleman finished his schooling nonetheless, graduating from the University of Virginia with a B.A., in 1964, and received his J.D. from the University of Virginia School of Law, in 1970. Between his studies in Charlotteville, Coleman served in the United States Marine Corps (1966-1969) during the Vietnam War, including 13 months in Vietnam.

He married Maureen Kelly of Staunton, and they had two sons before separating during his Senate campaign. After that divorce became final, Coleman married Niki Coleman, but they separated in 1985 and later also divorced.[3]

Career[edit]

Upon admission to the Virginia bar, Coleman practiced law, as well as nearly immediately ran for public office. One of the two Republicans elected in 1972 to represent District 15 (part-time) in the Virginia House of Delegates, O. Beverley Roller, resigned before the 1973 session.[4] Coleman won the election to finish the term, so his legislative service began on November 29, 1972. He won re-election once before running (and winning) a seat in the Virginia Senate formerly held by fellow Republican H. Dunlop Dawbarn (before his resignation before the 1975 session and briefly held by Democrat Frank W. Nolen after the special election). The 15th District of the House of Delegates at the time included Augusta, Highland, and Bath Counties, as well as the cities of Staunton and Waynesboro.[5] The 24th senatorial district between 1972 and 1980 included Augusta, Highland and Rockbridge counties, and the cities of Staunton, Waynesboro, Buena Vista and Lexington. Coleman resigned his Virginia Senate seat to run for Attorney General, and Democrat Nolan of Harrisonburg regained it in the resulting special election.

Virginia voters elected Coleman Attorney General of Virginia in 1977. He defeated Democrat Edward E. Lane, who Coleman pointed out during the campaign, had supported Massive Resistance. Coleman became the first Republican to hold the office since Reconstruction. While Attorney General, Coleman argued (and arguably lost) four cases before the United States Supreme Court.[6] Jackson v. Virginia, 443 U.S. 307 (1979) was a unanimous decision concerning review of habeas corpus petitions; Supreme Court of Virginia v. Consumer's Union, 444 U.S. 914 (1979) overturned certain regulations of attorney advertising (and allowed the winner attorney's fees), and Richmond Newspapers, Inc. v. Virginia, 448 U.S. 555 (1979) upheld the right to open criminal trials under the First Amendment. Coleman also lost Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining and Reclamation Association, 452 U.S. 264 (1981), but the decision was not unanimous and may have been overruled by the reasoning in Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (1985).

As his term as Attorney General ended, Coleman won the GOP nomination for Governor of Virginia in 1981.[7] However, Coleman lost to Democrat Charles S. "Chuck" Robb in the general election.

After his term as Virginia Attorney General ended (and Democrat Gerald L. Baliles succeeded to that statewide office), Coleman moved to northern Virginia to continue his private legal practice. He became a senior partner at a Washington DC law firm and Dwight C. Schar, a builder of luxury homes, became one of his clients. Schar persuaded Coleman to change firms, and he was a partner at the Tysons office of Arent, Fox, Kintner, Plotkin & Kahn from 1985 until 1992. During this period, Coleman helped handle the merger of Schar's NV Homes with industry giant Ryan Homes, which created NVR, Inc., which was large enough to be in the Fortune 500.[8] He then became

While with Arent Fox and NV Homes, Coleman again ran for Virginia statewide office twice. In 1985, he sought the Republican nomination for Lieutenant Governor. However, he came in second in a five way primary, losing to state Senator John Chichester, who later was defeated in the general election by Democrat L. Douglas Wilder.

In 1989, Coleman became the Republican nominee for governor, having upset the heavily favored former U.S. Senator Paul S. Trible, Jr., in the GOP primary.[9] However, Coleman then lost a very close election to Democrat L. Douglas Wilder, who became the first African-American ever elected governor of a U.S. state.[10] Coleman was leading in certain polls until two days before the election. However, a strong statement against abortion caused his popularity with female voters to drop. He also was portrayed as a flip-flopper, having radically changed his position on abortion and other topics several times. The media had also repeatedly portrayed Coleman as a "perennial candidate".

In 1994, Coleman ran for U.S. Senate as an independent, seeking to seize the middle ground between Democrat Chuck Robb (who had won election to the Senate in 1988), and the controversial GOP nominee, Oliver North. Coleman received the endorsement and support of Virginia's other U.S. Senator, Republican John Warner. However, he came in a distant third as Robb narrowly edged out North to win re-election. Coleman received only 11% of the votes cast, despite Warner's support and widespread dislike among voters for North (who had been convicted on three felony counts, later overturned, for his role in the Iran-Contra Affair) and Robb (who faced allegations of womanizing). Former First Lady Nancy Reagan openly opposed North in the election.

Coleman returned to private practice with Katten Muchin & Zavis, and managed the firm's Washington DC office from 1994 until 1996, when (already a major stockholder), he became chairman of the Board of Directors of The Fortress Group, Inc., where he remained as of 1999.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://historical.elections.virginia.gov/candidates/view/J-Marshall-Coleman
  2. ^ Donald P. Baker, "8 years later, Coleman resumes his quest" Washington Post june1, 1989
  3. ^ Washington Post 1989
  4. ^ The General Assembly of Virginia 1961-1981 (Richmond: Commonwealth of Virginia 1983), p. 6
  5. ^ "Virginia House of Delegates: Session 1975: Coleman, J. Marshall". dela.state.va.us. Commonwealth of Virginia. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  6. ^ https://www.oyez.org/advocates/marshall_coleman
  7. ^ "Remarks at a Rally in Richmond, Virginia, for Gubernatorial CandidateMarshall Coleman". Ronald Reagan Presidential Library & Museum. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  8. ^ Washington Post 1989
  9. ^ Ashley, Douglas (14 June 1989). "`Little People' Meant Win". The Daily Press. Retrieved 4 April 2017. 
  10. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/1989/11/09/us/the-1989-elections-virginia-joy-of-democrats-diluted-in-virginia.html
  11. ^ https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/1010607/0001024739-99-000246.txt
Legal offices
Preceded by
Anthony F. Troy
Attorney General of Virginia
1978–1982
Succeeded by
Gerald L. Baliles