J. Michael Brady

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Sir Mike Brady

Image of J. Michael Brady .jpg
Born
John Michael Brady

(1945-04-30) 30 April 1945 (age 74)[1]
Alma mater
Known forKadir–Brady saliency detector[2]
Awards
Scientific career
Fields
Institutions
ThesisJust-non-cross varieties of groups (1970)
Doctoral advisorLászló György Kovács[5]
Doctoral students
Websitewww.oncology.ox.ac.uk/research/mike-brady

(John) Michael Brady (born 30 April 1945)[1] FRS FMedSci FREng[9][10] is an Emeritus professor of Oncological Imaging at the University of Oxford and has recently[when?] retired as Professorship in Information Engineering (1985-2010). He is a Fellow of Keble College, Oxford and a foreign member of the French Academy of Sciences.[citation needed] He was formerly BP Professor of Information Engineering at Oxford from 1985 to 2010[11][12] and a Senior Research Scientist in the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL)[11] in Cambridge, Massachusetts from 1980-1985.

Education[edit]

Brady was educated in the School of Mathematics at the University of Manchester where he was awarded a first class Bachelor of Science degree in Mathematics in 1966 followed by a Master of Science degree in 1968.[1] He went on to study at the Australian National University where he was awarded a Doctor of Philosophy degree in 1970[13] for research into group theory supervised by László György Kovács.[5]

Research and career[edit]

Brady is an authority in the field of image analysis,[14][15][16] initially working on shape analysis will at MIT, then on robotics, but most of all with an emphasis on medical image analysis.[17] At MIT he worked on: the multiscale representation of the bounding contours of shapes (the curvature primal sketch), with Haruo Asada (Toshiba); two dimensional shapes (smoothed local symmetries), with Jon Connell; and the application of differential geometry to three-dimensional data, with Jean Ponce[citation needed] and Demetri Terzopoulos. He also worked on texture with Alan Yuille.[citation needed] He also worked with John M. Hollerbach, Tomàs Lozano-Pérez, and Matt Mason on robotics, who together published an early influential collection of articles and founded a seminal series of conferences.[citation needed]

Arriving in Oxford in 1985, he established the Robotics Laboratory and recruited Andrew Blake, Andrew Zisserman, Stephen Cameron, Hugh Durrant-Whyte, Lionel Tarassenko, Alison Noble, David Murray.[citation needed] His initial focus was on mobile robotics, where he worked closely with Huosheng Hu Jan Grothusen, Stephen Smith, Mark Jenkinson, and Ian Reid.[citation needed] This was a collaboration with GEC Electrical Products and led in 1991 to the formation of Guidance Navigation Systems Ltd.[citation needed]  The primary interest of this work was sensor data fusion and the real-time detection of obstacles in a robot vehicle’s planned path, leading to a “slalom” manoeuvre to avoid it, or, if this was judged infeasible by the robot, a complete re-planning of the path to the goal.[citation needed]

Finishing a spell as Head of Engineering Science (1989-84), Brady was awarded an EPSRC Senior Fellowship, during which he spent two year-long periods in the INRIA Laboratory headed by Nicholas Ayache.[citation needed]  Brady had begun to switch from robotics to medical imaging, specifically breast cancer, in 1989, following the death of his mother-in-law Dr. Irene Friedlander from the disease.[citation needed]  For the past 29 years he has worked with Ralph Highnam, first supervising Ralph’s thesis, then co-authoring a monograph Mammographic Image Analysis ,[18] then co-founding Mirada Solutions Ltd and subsequently Volpara Health Technologies (ASX: VHT).[citation needed]  Together, they developed an influential mathematical model of the fluence of X-rays through the female breast as a basis for analysis of mammographic images.[citation needed] This work was done in collaboration with Ralph Highnam and pioneered an entirely novel “physics-based” approach.[citation needed] This attracted the interest of Nico Karssemeijer and led to further collaborations and the company ScreenPoint bv co-founded by Mike and Nico.[citation needed]

Brady’s work in image analysis, specifically medical image analysis, has been wide ranging and he has contributed algorithms for image segmentation, image registration and feature detection. With Timor Kadir and Andrew Zisserman he introduced the influential Kadir–Brady saliency detector[2] at the European Conference on Computer Vision in 2004. During his research career, Brady has supervised 115[citation needed] students including Alison Noble,[7] David Forsyth,[6] and Demetri Terzopoulos[8] Philip Agre,[5] Wenjia Bai,[5][19] Margaret Fleck,[5] Ralph Highnam[20] Huosheng Hu,[5] Faraz Janan,[21][22] Kieran Smallbone,[23] Stephen Smith[5][24] and Mark Woolrich[5][25]

Outside of academia, Brady has been involved with numerous start-up companies in the field of medical imaging[10] including Matakina and ScreenPoint (mammographic image analysis), Mirada Medical (medical image fusion)[20] and Perspectum Diagnostics[26] (magnetic resonance imaging of the liver).[4]

Awards and honours[edit]

Brady was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society (FRS) in 1997.[10] His certificate of election reads:

Brady was knighted in the 2004 New Year Honours[3] for services to engineering. He delivered the Turing Lecture in 2009.[4] He was also awarded the Faraday Medal from the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE) in 2000,[1] the Millennium Medal from the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) in 2000.[1] He was elected a Fellow of the Academy of Medical Sciences (FMedSci)[28] and a Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering (FREng).[1][9] Brady holds Honorary Doctorates from the University of Manchester,[citation needed] the University of Liverpool,[citation needed] the University of York,[citation needed] the University of Essex,[citation needed] the University of Southampton,[citation needed] Oxford Brookes University,[citation needed] and Paul Sabatier University (Toulouse), Changsha and Chongqing.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Anon (2016). "Brady, Sir (John) Michael". Who's Who. ukwhoswho.com (online Oxford University Press ed.). A & C Black, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc. doi:10.1093/ww/9780199540884.013.U8502. (subscription or UK public library membership required) (subscription required)
  2. ^ a b Kadir, Timor; Zisserman, Andrew; Brady, Michael (2004). An Affine Invariant Salient Region Detector. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 3021. pp. 228–241. doi:10.1007/978-3-540-24670-1_18. ISBN 978-3-540-21984-2. ISSN 0302-9743.
  3. ^ a b "No. 57155". The London Gazette (1st supplement). 31 December 2003. pp. 1–28.
  4. ^ a b c "Professor Sir Michael Brady". London: British Computer Society. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j J. Michael Brady at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
  6. ^ a b Forsyth, David A. (1988). Colour constancy and its applications in machine vision (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford. OCLC 69733640.
  7. ^ a b Noble, Julia Alison (1989). Descriptions of image surfaces (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford. OCLC 863522054. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.238117.
  8. ^ a b Terzopoulos, Demetri (1984). Multiresolution computation of visible-surface representations (PhD thesis). Massachusetts Institute of Technology. hdl:1721.1/15380. OCLC 12379782.
  9. ^ a b "Brady, Professor Sir (John) Michael KBE FREng FRS FMedSci: 1992". London: raeng.org.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016.
  10. ^ a b c Anon (1997). "Sir Michael Brady FMedSci FREng FRS". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 17 November 2015. One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from the royalsociety.org website where:

    "All text published under the heading 'Biography' on Fellow profile pages is available under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License." --"Royal Society Terms, conditions and policies". Archived from the original on 25 September 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2016.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)

  11. ^ a b "Professor Michael Brady FRS FEng, BP Professor of Information Engineering". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 20 December 2015.
  12. ^ "Mike Brady: Oncological Image Analysis". University of Oxford. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016.
  13. ^ Brady, John Michael (1970). Just-non-cross varieties of groups (PhD thesis). Australian National University. OCLC 222121274.
  14. ^ J. Michael Brady's publications indexed by the Scopus bibliographic database. (subscription required)
  15. ^ J. Michael Brady author profile page at the ACM Digital Library
  16. ^ Zhang, Y.; Brady, J.M.; Smith, S. (2001). "Segmentation of brain MR images through a hidden Markov random field model and the expectation-maximization algorithm". IEEE Transactions on Medical Imaging. 20 (1): 45–57. CiteSeerX 10.1.1.200.3832. doi:10.1109/42.906424.
  17. ^ Woolrich, Mark W.; Ripley, Brian D.; Brady, Michael; Smith, Stephen M. (2001). "Temporal Autocorrelation in Univariate Linear Modeling of FMRI Data". NeuroImage. 14 (6): 1370–1386. doi:10.1006/nimg.2001.0931. PMID 11707093.
  18. ^ Highnam, R.P.; Brady, J.M.; Shepstone, B.J. (1997). "Mammographic image analysis". European Journal of Radiology. 24 (1): 20–32. doi:10.1016/S0720-048X(96)01110-2. ISSN 0720-048X. PMID 9056146.
  19. ^ Bai, Wenjia (2010). Respiratory motion correction in positron emission tomography (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford.
  20. ^ a b "Sir Michael Brady. GCS and Mirada Ltd" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 March 2016.
  21. ^ Janan, Faraz (2013). Shape analysis in mammograms (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford.
  22. ^ Janan, Faraz; Brady, Michael (2014). "Shape Description and Matching Using Integral Invariants on Eccentricity Transformed Images" (PDF). International Journal of Computer Vision. 113 (2): 92–112. doi:10.1007/s11263-014-0773-x.
  23. ^ Smallbone, Kieran (2007). The role of acidity in tumour development. eprints.maths.ox.ac.uk (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford. EThOS uk.bl.ethos.442910 Free to read.
  24. ^ Smith, Stephen Mark (1992). Feature based image sequence understanding (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford.
  25. ^ Woolrich, Mark (2001). Model-based approaches to FMRI analysis (DPhil thesis). University of Oxford.
  26. ^ "Perspectum diagnostics: Meet our team". perspectum-diagnostics.com. Archived from the original on 24 March 2016.
  27. ^ "Certificate of election EC/1997/02: Brady, John Michael". London: Royal Society. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016.
  28. ^ "Professor Sir Michael Brady FRS FREng FMedSci". acmedsci.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016.

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