J. Morris Slemons
|J. Morris Slemons, A.B., M.D., F.A.C.S.|
November 9, 1879|
Josiah Morris Slemons (1879 – 1948) was an American physician who researched and wrote on issues of pregnancy and prenatal nutrition.
Josiah Morris Slemons was born in Salisbury, Maryland on November 9, 1879. He was the son of Dr. Francis Marion & Martha Ann (Morris) Slemons. On August 2, 1904, Slemons married Anne M. Goodwill of Minneapolis, Minnesota. He died in 1948 in Los Angeles, California.
Slemons received an A.B. from Johns Hopkins University in 1887 and an M.D. from Johns Hopkins Medical School in 1901. Slemons remained at Johns Hopkins for his internship and residency (1901-1904), as well as beginning his medical career as an instructor and then an assistant professor (1904-1913). In 1907, he carried out graduate work in Berlin, Germany. From 1913-1915, Slemons was the gynecologist-in-chief and director of the Woman's Clinic at the University of California. In 1914, Slemons was asked to form the Department of Obstetrics at Yale School of Medicine; the first clinical department at Yale to hire full-time faculty members. He remained at Yale for six years before returning to the University of California.
Slemons conducted research and published in the area of pregnancy and prenatal health. His most widely-known work, "The Prospective Mother; A Handbook for Women During Pregnancy" was written for women with no medical knowledge, designed to answer common questions and provide practical health information. In addition, he published a number of research papers on the biochemistry of the fetal circulatory system and the placenta (see Bibliography).
At the end of World War I, Slemons and his wife traveled to France with the American Red Cross as part of a team of specialists. Their purpose was to provide education on prenatal hygiene and fetal nutrition in an effort to increase the birth rate, which had dropped precipitously during the war.
- Koelker, Arthur H. and J. Morris Slemons (1911) The Amino-Acids in the Mature Human Placenta. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol 9:471-489.
- Slemons, J. Morris, M.D. (1915) Bacteremia. Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol LXV, No. 15: 1265-1268.
- Slemons, J. Morris and L. Jean Bogert (1917) Uric Acid Content of Maternal and Fetal Blood. Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol 32: 63-69.
- Slemons, J. Morris (1919) Nutrition of the Fetus (1919). Yale University Press, New Haven, CT. 62 pages. Reprinted from the American Journal of Obstetrics.
- Slemons, J. Morris (1919) Prospective Mother; A Handbook for Women During Pregnancy. D. Appleton & Co, New York, 368 pages.
- Broun, LeRoy, B.S., M.D., F.A.C.S., Editor. (1918) Album of the Fellows of the American Gynecological Society, 1876-1917. Philadelphia, Wm. J. Dornan, printer.
- Kohorn, Ernest I., M.A., F.R.C.S. (2011) "A History of the Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics at the 200th Anniversary of Yale Medical School." Published in the Yale Obstetrical and Gynecological Society Journal, vol 4: 5-16.
- "Extract from an American Red Cross Bulletin". From "Intimate Letters from France and Extracts from the Diary of Elizabeth Ashe, 1917-1919".