J. Raymond Jones
He moved to New York City in 1918. Known as "The Fox," Jones was leader of Harlem's Carver Democratic Club. He challenged Tammany Hall leader Carmine DeSapio twice, succeeding in 1964 in becoming Tammany's first black leader. In 1961 Jones supported the election of Robert F. Wagner Jr. as mayor of New York City, again in contrast to DeSapio. Jones served as mentor to many younger black politicians who later became prominent in New York politics. This group became known as the "Harlem Clubhouse". New York City Mayor David N. Dinkins said about Jones, "Without his counsel and guidance, Percy Sutton, Constance Baker Motley, Fritz Alexander, Charlie Rangel, Robert Weaver, and I might add, David N. Dinkins, would not have achieved as much. He was a true political pioneer and a deeply committed individual who dedicated his life to serving the people of New York."
- "J. Raymond Jones, Harlem Kingmaker, Dies at 91". New York Times. June 11, 1991. Retrieved 2015-10-17.
- http://www.publicaffairsbooks.com/publicaffairsbooks-cgi-bin/display?book=9781610393010 A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic
- John C. Walker,The Harlem Fox: J. Raymond Jones at Tammany 1920:1970, New York: State University New York Press, 1989.
- David N. Dinkins, A Mayor's Life: Governing New York's Gorgeous Mosaic, PublicAffairs Books, 2013
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