J. Russel Robinson
|Birth name||Joseph Russel Robinson|
|Born||July 8, 1892|
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||February 24, 1963 (aged 70)|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, lyricist|
Robinson was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. In his teens he worked as a pianist in theaters to provide music for silent movies. With a right arm that was damaged by polio, he formed unusual techniques with his left hand. With his brother John, a drummer, he toured the southern United States in the early 1910s with an extended stay in New Orleans.
He started publishing compositions in his teens; his early hits included "Sapho Rag" and "Eccentric". His compositions were published as piano rolls by Imperial, the United Music Company, and QRS. He signed a contract with QRS to record blues songs from 1918 to 1921. He worked as a manager for the publishing company owned by W.C. Handy.
Robinson became a member of the Original Dixieland Jass Band in 1919, replacing on piano Henry Ragas, who died on February 18, 1919, in the flu epidemic. Aside from the band, in the early to middle 1920s he played piano for vocalists such as Lizzie Miles and Lucille Hegamin. In the 1930s he became the head of NBC Radio's music department and was a major factor in reuniting the now scattered band. The reunion in 1936 yielded six RCA Victor recordings as "The Original Dixieland Five," several network radio appearances (one with Benny Goodman), and an appearance in a "March of Time" movie short, with J. Russel Robinson speaking on-camera.
At the end of the decade Robinson moved to California and continued to write songs.
Awards and honors
- Feather, Leonard; Gitler, Ira (2007). The Biographical Encyclopedia of Jazz. Oxford University Press. p. 563. ISBN 978-0-19-507418-5.
- Hasse, John Edward (2002). Kernfeld, Barry (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz. Vol. 3 (2 ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries. p. 433. ISBN 1-56159-284-6.
- Jasen, David A.; Trebor Jay Tichenor (1978). Rags and Ragtime: A Musical History. New York, NY: Dover Publications, Inc. p. 150. ISBN 0-486-25922-6.
- Bloom, Ken (2001), American Song: Songwriters (Vol. 3), Schirmer Books, p. 745, ISBN 9780028654782
- "Grammy Hall of Fame". Grammy.com. 18 October 2010. Retrieved 10 July 2019.