J. Russel Robinson
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|J. Russel Robinson|
J. Russel Robinson
|Birth name||Joseph Russel Robinson|
July 8, 1892|
Indianapolis, Indiana, U.S.
|Died||February 24, 1993
|Genres||Jazz, dixieland, ragtime, traditional pop, classical|
|Occupation(s)||Musician, composer, lyricist|
|Associated acts||Original Dixieland Jazz Band|
Robinson was born in Indianapolis, Indiana. He started publishing ragtime compositions in his teens; his early hits included "Sapho Rag" and "Eccentric". With his brother John, a drummer, he toured the southern United States in the early 1910s with an extended stay in New Orleans. He produced hundreds of piano roll recordings for the US Music Company in Chicago and later the QRS Company in New York. He was known for his heavily blues and jazz influenced playing style. His style has been described as having a swinging, shimmying style with many right-hand-only blues breaks.
In October 1918, he joined W. C. Handy's publishing company Pace and Handy, supplying new arrangements and lyrics for popular editions of tunes like "The Memphis Blues" in the 1920s. Robinson joined the Original Dixieland Jazz Band when pianist Henry Ragas died in the Spanish Flu Pandemic in 1919. Also in 1919, he co-wrote the song "Though We're Miles and Miles Apart" with W.C. Handy and Charles H. Hillman. He also played piano with various popular and blues singers in phonograph recording sessions, accompanying singers such as Annette Hanshaw, Lucille Hegamin, Marion Harris, and Lizzie Miles. On some of his accompaniments to African American singers the accompaniment was listed on the record labels as being by Spencer Williams (with Williams' permission).
Among Robinson's compositions are the jazz standard "Eccentric" ("That Eccentric Rag" from 1912), and his compositions for the ODJB in 1920, which were among the most popular and best-selling hits of that year: the classic "Margie", "Singin' the Blues", and "Palesteena". "Margie" has been recorded by Louis Armstrong, Ray Charles, Benny Goodman, Jim Reeves, Al Jolson, Cab Calloway, Gene Krupa, and Fats Domino, among others. According to Lewis Porter in John Coltrane: His Life and Music (1999), "Margie" was also a "specialty" of John Coltrane.
"Aggravatin' Papa (Don't Try to Two-Time Me)" was composed with Roy Turk and Addie Britt and was recorded by Alberta Hunter in 1923 with Fletcher Henderson's Dance Orchestra and also by Lucille Hegamin, Bessie Smith, and later by Pearl Bailey.
Other Robinson compositions include "Jazzola" (1919), "How Many Times?", "Swing, Mr. Charlie", "Sapho Rag", "Two Time Dan", "St. Louis Gal", which was recorded by Bessie Smith, "Mary Jane" with Andy Razaf, "Beale Street Mama", "I'll Be in My Dixie Home Again Tomorrow", "Singin' the Blues", "Reefer Man" for Cab Calloway in 1932, "What Are Little Girls Made Of?" in 1933, "I Got a New Deal in Love", "Yeah Man!", "Pan Yan (And His Chinese Jazz Band)", "Hopeless Blues", "Mary Lou", "Dynamite Rag", "Cornfield Rag", "Minstrel Man Rag", "Meet Me at No Special Place", "Alhambra Syncopated Waltzes", "Te-na-na". In 1916, he co-wrote the song "Ole Miss Rag" with W.C. Handy.
Robinson was a member of the ODJB until it broke up in 1923 and rejoined the band when it reformed in 1936.
His composition "Meet Me in No Special Place (And I'll Be There at No Particular Time)" was recorded in 1947 by Nat King Cole. Robinson wrote the title song for the movie Portrait of Jennie (1948). Movies were also released based on his two compositions "Margie" ("My Little Margie") and "Mary Lou". The Margie television series starring Cynthia Pepper, which ran from 1961 to 1962, used his music as the theme. He composed "Rhythm King" with Jo Trent, under the pseudonym Joe Hooven, a song recorded by Bix Beiderbecke and His Gang.
In 1957, while living in Palmdale, California, Robinson teamed with a young librettist/lyricist, Leo McElroy, to create the score for a musical entitled Mermaid Tavern which enjoyed a brief flirtation off-Broadway and continues to be considered and produced in regional theatres.
Robinson died of cancer in Palmdale in 1963 after a brief illness, during which he completed two new songs for Mermaid Tavern.
In 1977, Robinson's composition "Singin' the Blues" was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame in a 1927 recording by Frankie Trumbauer and His Orchestra featuring Bix Beiderbecke on cornet as Okeh 40772-B.