J. Stapleton Roy
|J. Stapleton Roy|
|United States Ambassador to China|
August 20, 1991 – June 17, 1995
George H.W. Bush|
|Preceded by||James R. Lilley|
|Succeeded by||Jim Sasser|
|Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research|
November 19, 1999 – January 13, 2001
|Preceded by||Phyllis E. Oakley|
|Succeeded by||Carl Ford|
1935 (age 82–83)|
J. Stapleton Roy (Chinese: 芮效俭; Pinyin: Ruì Xiàojiăn; born 1935) is a former senior United States diplomat specializing in Asian affairs. A fluent Chinese speaker, Roy spent much of his career in East Asia, where his assignments included Bangkok (twice), Hong Kong, Taipei, Beijing (twice), Singapore, and Jakarta. He also specialized in Soviet affairs and served in Moscow at the height of the Cold War. Ambassador Roy served as Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research from 1999 to 2000.
Early life and education
Roy was born in Nanking, China, where his father, Andrew Tod Roy, was a Presbyterian missionary and teacher who stayed on in China until he was denounced by the new government and expelled in 1951. His brother is David Tod Roy, a noted scholar and translator of Chinese literature. While in Shanghai, he attended Shanghai American School (SAS), but left China and SAS when the school was closed in 1949 following the Communist takeover of Shanghai. He attended Mount Hermon School (now Northfield Mount Hermon), and in 1956, graduated magna cum laude from Princeton University, where he majored in history and was elected to Phi Beta Kappa.
Roy rose to become a three-time ambassador, serving as the top U.S. envoy in Singapore (1984–86), the People's Republic of China (1991–95), and Indonesia (1996–99). In 1996, he was promoted to the rank of career ambassador, the highest rank in the United States Foreign Service.
Roy is currently Vice Chairman of Kissinger Associates, Inc., Chairman of the Hopkins-Nanjing Advisory Council established to assist Hopkins' in its partnership with Nanjing University that jointly manages the Hopkins-Nanjing Center (a graduate degree granting institution on the Nanjing University campus in Nanjing, China), and a director of ConocoPhillips and Freeport-McMoRan Copper & Gold, Inc. He is also a trustee of the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace and Co-Chair of The United States - Indonesia Society (USINDO). Roy's assessments of trends in China and U.S.-China relations are in great demand. He delivered one such keynote address in April 2007 on U.S.-China ties at the USC U.S.-China Institute. His views were also part of the institute's Election '08 and the Challenge of China documentary.
In August 2008, Roy was named director of the Kissinger Institute for Chinese-U.S. Studies at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. He sits on the advisory board for Washington, D.C.-based non-profit America Abroad Media.
- Timeline of United States and China relations 1995-1997
- Video and text of an April 2007 lecture by J. Stapleton Roy
- Obituary, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, May 7, 2004 Archived April 8, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2005-04-03. Retrieved 2005-06-12.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-06. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2014-06-13.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-03-02. Retrieved 2012-09-02.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-16. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
Harry E. T. Thayer
| United States Ambassador to Singapore
James R. Lilley
| US Ambassador to China
Phyllis E. Oakley
| Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research
November 19, 1999 – January 13, 2001