Joint Artificial Intelligence Center

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The Joint Artificial Intelligence Center (JAIC) (pronounced "jake")[1] is an American organization on exploring the usage of Artificial Intelligence (AI) (particularly Edge computing), Network of Networks and AI-enhanced communication for use in actual combat.[2][3][4][5]

It is a subdivision of the United States Armed Forces and was created in June 2018. The organization's stated objective is to "transform the US Department of Defense by accelerating the delivery and adoption of AI to achieve mission impact at scale. The goal is to use AI to solve large and complex problem sets that span multiple combat systems; then, ensure the combat Systems and Components have real-time access to ever-improving libraries of data sets and tools."[3]

History[edit]

JAIC was originally proposed to Congress on June 27, 2018;[6] that same month, it was established under the Defense Department's Chief Information Officer (CIO), itself subordinate to the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD), to coordinate Department-wide AI efforts.[1] Throughout 2020, JAIC started financially engaging with the AI industry for the development of specific applications.[7][8][9]

Current proposals for JAIC include giving it the authority as a financial entity to acquire its own technology, and elevating its position to be under the Deputy Secretary of Defense.[10][11][12]

On June 24, 2021, the Department of Defense gathered reporters for an AI symposium in which it announced the launch of an "AI and data accelerator (ADA) initiative" in which, over the month of July, data teams would work directly with military personnel to provide a proof of concept in data-driven warfare and to observe the possible obstacles for such implementation.[13][14]

Technology[edit]

Neuromorphic computing[edit]

JAIC's primary area of interest is edge computing, as even more sensor technologies are being added to weapon systems and military vehicles. The edge processors that will be used are neuromorphic processors that will perform neural network computations on the sensor itself without having to send the data to a central processor, thus increasing the robustness of the combat network.[5] JAIC plans to access the U.S. commercial sector and academia to recruit professionals in the fields of neuromorphic technology and AI safety.[15][16][17]

Network of networks[edit]

The Joint All Domain Command and Control (JADC2) is an initiative of the military's network of networks, as each branch of the US Armed Forces (Army, Air Force, Navy, Marines and Coast Guard) intends to have its own communications network. The JADC2 project would integrate all those networks into a larger network on all spatial scales. ′Every sensor, every shooter′, being the tagline.[18][19]

List of directors[edit]

No. Director Term Service branch
Portrait Name Took office Left office Term length
1
John N.T. Shanahan[20]
Lieutenant General
John N.T. Shanahan[20]
December 20181 June 2020~1 year, 183 daysMilitary service mark of the United States Air Force.svg
U.S. Air Force
-
Nand Mulchandani[21]
Nand Mulchandani[21]
Acting
1 June 20201 October 2020122 daysSES Emblem.svg
U.S. Senior
Executive Service
2
Michael S. Groen
Lieutenant General
Michael S. Groen
1 October 2020Incumbent356 daysEmblem of the United States Marine Corps.svg
U.S. Marine Corps

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Kelley M. Sayler (June 8, 2021). Defense Primer: Emerging Technologies (PDF) (Report). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved July 22, 2021.
  2. ^ "DOD Unveils Its Artificial Intelligence Strategy". U.S. Department of Defense. U.S. Department of Defense.
  3. ^ a b "Joint Artificial Intelligence Center". Department of Defense. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  4. ^ McLeary, Paul. "Joint Artificial Intelligence Center Created Under DoD CIO".
  5. ^ a b Barnett, Jackson (June 19, 2020). "For military AI to reach the battlefield, there are more than just software challenges". FedScoop. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  6. ^ "Memo: Establishment of the Joint Artificial Intelligence Center" (PDF). Deputy Secretary of Defense, Department of Defense. June 27, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  7. ^ Rockwell, Mark (May 20, 2020). "DOD lands major contract for war-fighting AI". Defense Systems.
  8. ^ Eversden, Andrew (May 18, 2020). "Booz Allen Hamilton wins massive Pentagon artificial intelligence contract". C4ISRNET.
  9. ^ "Booz Allen wins $800 million AI contract from Defense Department". consulting.us. June 16, 2020.
  10. ^ Barnett, Jackson (May 21, 2020). "JAIC needs its own acquisition authority within next two years, Shanahan says". FedScoop. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  11. ^ Barnett, Jackson (June 22, 2020). "Lawmakers want Joint AI Center directly under deputy secretary of Defense". FedScoop. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  12. ^ "H.R. 6395—FY21 National Defense Authorization Bill" (PDF). Subcommittee on Intelligence and Emerging Threats and Capabilities. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  13. ^ https://defensesystems.com/articles/2021/06/29/jaic-data-teams-combatant-commands.aspx
  14. ^ https://fcw.com/articles/2021/06/28/jaic-data-teams-combatant-commands.aspx
  15. ^ "JAIC Looking to Improve Engagement With Private Sector". MeriTalk.
  16. ^ Barnett, Jackson (July 5, 2019). "DOD's artificial intelligence center wants pitches from industry this fall". FedScoop. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  17. ^ "Pentagon Needs Tools to Test the Limits of Its Artificial Intelligence Projects". Nextgov.com.
  18. ^ Barnett, Jackson (March 3, 2020). "Air Force wants to lead on JADC2 system to connect military domains". FedScoop. Retrieved June 26, 2020.
  19. ^ "Defense Capabilities: Joint All Domain Command and Control" (PDF). In Focus. Congressional Research Service. April 6, 2020.
  20. ^ https://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/108830/lieutenant-general-john-nt-jack-shanahan/
  21. ^ https://www.ai.mil/bio_mulchandani.html