From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
TypeSociedade Anônima
Ibovespa Component
IndustryFood processing
FounderJosé Batista Sobrinho
Area served
Key people
Gilberto Tomazoni, (CEO) Jeremiah O‘Callaghan, (Chairman)
ProductsFood and beverages
RevenueIncrease US$ 65.0 billion (2021)[1]
Increase US$ 8.5 billion (2021)[1]
Increase US$ 3.8 billion (2021)[1]
Total assetsIncrease US$ 38.4 billion (2021)[1]
Total equityIncrease US$ 8.18 billion (2021)[1]
Number of employees
+250,000 (2021)[1]
ParentJ&F Investimentos
SubsidiariesJBS USA
JBS Foods International
BioTech Foods

JBS S.A. is a Brazilian company that is the largest meat processing enterprise in the world, producing factory processed beef, chicken and pork, and also selling by-products from the processing of these meats. It is headquartered in São Paulo.[2] It was founded in 1953 in Anápolis, Goiás.

As of 2017, the company had 150 industrial plants around the world.[3] J&F Investimentos is a 42% indirect shareholder in JBS S.A.,[4] which is listed on American stock markets as JBSAY.[5] J&F Investimentos is wholly owned by Joesley Batista and Wesley Batista. As of May 2017, JBS S.A. remains the world's biggest butcher.[6]

The company has been regularly criticised for sourcing meat from farms that contribute to the destruction of the Amazon rainforest.


1953–2000: Formation in Brazil[edit]

JBS was initially established as a slaughtering business by José Batista Sobrinho, a rancher in Anápolis, Brazil, in 1953. (The company's name comes from the founder's initials.) Sobrinho's business began to expand when the establishment of Brazil's capital, Brasilia, brought a new market within reach of his ranch. Over the late 1960s Sobrinho expanded into owning slaughterhouses; then, in the 1980s, the company began expanding within Brazil and purchasing other meat processing companies.[7] In subsequent years, the company has grown to become the world's largest company in the beef sector with the acquisition of several stores and food companies in Brazil and the world.[8]

JBS became a publicly held company in 2007, and in the same year received a major investment from BNDES (Brazilian Development Bank).[7]

2007–2010: US acquisitions[edit]

In 2007, JBS went through with a US$225m acquisition of U.S. firm Swift & Company,[8] which was the third largest U.S. beef and pork processor, renamed as JBS USA. It leads the world in slaughter capacity, at 51.4 thousand head per day, and continues to focus on production operations, processing, and export plants, nationally and internationally.[citation needed] With the new acquisition, JBS entered the pork market, to end the year as the third largest producer and processor of this type of meat in the United States. The acquisition expanded the company's portfolio to include rights to the worldwide use of the Swift brand.[citation needed]

The next year, JBS acquired Smithfield Foods' beef business. It was renamed JBS Packerland.[citation needed]

On 31 August 2010 it was announced that the company had acquired 64% of Pilgrim's Pride for a bid of US$800 million, establishing JBS's position in the chicken production industry.[9]

2010: South American operations[edit]

On September 16, 2009, JBS announced that it had acquired the food operation of Grupo Bertin, one of three Brazilian market leaders, consolidating its position as the largest beef producer in the world. The banks JP Morgan Chase and Santander Brasil assisted in the transaction.[9]

In August 2010, it was reported that JBS was considering to sell some of the eight slaughterhouses it owned in Argentina because of "scarce livestock and export restrictions".[9] Between 2007 and 2010, JBS received around $2.5 billion in investments from BNDES.[10]

2011-2016: Expansion, CanaMex acquisitions[edit]

As of 2011, JBS had been trying to bid to gain control of Sara Lee Corporation's meat business. JBS had shown interest in the meats business but struggled to push forward with a bid for the entire company.[11]

On 9 January 2013, JBS USA acquired the Canadian operations of XL Foods, chiefly the XL Lakeside beef processing plant in Brooks, Alberta which had at the time the capacity to process 4,000 head of cattle per day.[12]

On May 27, 2014, Pilgrim's Pride Corporation, 75% owned by JBS S.A., made an unsolicited $5.6 billion bid for Hillshire Brands Co. (HSH).[13]

On July 28, 2014, Tyson Foods, Inc. announced its intention to sell Tyson de México and Tyson do Brasil, its Mexican and Brazilian poultry subsidiaries, to JBS S.A. for $575 million in cash by the end of 2014, pending regulatory approval.[14]

In 2015, JBS bought the US pork business of Cargill Inc. for $1.45 billion.[15]

Also in 2015, JBS S.A. created a board of compliance directors in Brazil.[16]

2016: IPO of US unit[edit]

In December 2016, JBS announced a re-organization plan, which involved an initial public offering (IPO) in the United States for its international operations, through JBS Foods International. At the time, it had units on five continents.[17]

2017: Brazilian food market drop[edit]

According to industry estimates, as of 2017, JBS USA was the second-largest processor of beef and pork in the United States, while JBS-owned Pilgrim's was the second-largest poultry company.[15]

By February 2017, JBS had been accused of wrongdoing in a wider investigation into compliance issues in Brazil, although it planned to increase its board of compliance directors from three people to eight. At the time, the company's controlling shareholder J&F Investimentos SA was being investigated "in relation to fraud at state-run companies’ employee pension funds".[16] The investigation looked into whether JBS possibly benefited from the scheme, including JBS chairman Joesley Batista, who denied wrongdoing.[17] By March 2017, JBS SA remained the world's largest supplier of animal protein,[18] after a series of acquisitions in part funded by loans from banks controlled by the Brazilian government.[19] Global operations included brands Seara, Swift, and Moy Park.[6] In March 2017, JBS was accused by Brazil's environmental regulator of buying cattle raised on illegally deforested Amazon land, with JBS denying wrongdoing.[6]

On March 17, 2017, it was announced that Brazil was investigating its meat-packing industry for "allegedly bribing food-sanitation inspectors", with JBS SA among the dozens of firms targeted,[17] in particular a single employee.[19] JBS shares dropped 10 percent with the announcement.[17] JBS denied any wrongdoing and said it had taken “applicable measures” against the one employee included in the investigation, due to his alleged relationships with government inspectors.[20] The announcement of the police allegations led to various nations considering banning Brazilian beef imports.[21] China, 20 other countries, and the European Union subsequently issued temporary bans on Brazilian meat shipments, or increased scrutiny.[18] On March 23, 2017, JBS SA said it had slashed beef production, halting beef production in 33 of its 36 plants for three days, with a plan to cut production by 35% of capacity at all its units. JBS stated the "measures aim at adjusting production until there is a decision about the embargoes imposed by importers."[18] The company also spent more on advertising.[6] After initial trade disruptions, Brazilian meat companies regained access to most international markets.[20]

2017: BNDES and bribery investigations[edit]

On May 12, 2017, authorities announced that they were investigating whether JBS SA had received illegal financing advantages from state-owned bank BNDES. Dubbed "Operation Bullish", police stated that these had led to a loss of around $385 million in public funds. JBS said the financing was lawful, and BNDES said it was cooperating with authorities. Executives including CEO Wesley Batista and chairman Joesley Batista were questioned by federal police. The court forbade the Batistas from restructuring the business during the investigation.[19] On May 16, 2017, JBS said it might delay its planned IPO due to legal troubles. The CEO made it clear, however, that the IPO was not canceled.[6]

On May 17, O Globo reported that it had obtained a recording of Michel Temer encouraging JBS chairman Joesley Batista to "bribe a jailed former legislator to buy the lawmaker’s silence." The news resulted in protests and calls for Temer's resignation, and the Brazilian stock market dropped. Temer denied wrongdoing.[22] On May 17, 2017 O Globo reported that Joesley Batista, through J&F Investimentos, allegedly paid bribes to three presidents. Documentation of the payments[clarification needed] was released by the Supreme Court on May 19.[10] On May 19, 2017, Joesley Batista admitted to paying bribes to Michel Temer, Dilma Rousseff and Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, over the previous 14 years. Joesley Batista told prosecutors J&F Investimentos had paid a total of $123 million in bribes to Brazilian politicians in recent years.[15] All three presidents denied accepting bribes. Temer alleged Batista had doctored evidence, including a recording of Temer talking to Batista, to make money from the scandal through insider trading. Batista denied illegal share purchases. As of May 22, the Comissão de Valores Mobiliários (CVM) was demanding $3.4 billion from J&F Investimentos as part of a promised plea deal, according to the press.[23] The former head of CVM referred to testimony that asserted J&F Investimentos had bribed 1,829 politicians.[10] In May 2017 JBS retained law firm Baker McKenzie to negotiate possible criminal charges with the United States Department of Justice under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act.[24][25]

Reports May 31, 2017, said J&F Investimentos had agreed to pay US$3.2 billion in fines, for leniency from the Brazilian government "over 25 years after admitting to giving roughly $150 million—mostly in bribes—to Brazilian politicians."[26] JBS shares afterwards rose 9% on São Paulo's stock exchange. In exchange for their cooperation, the chairman and his older brother avoided jail time. All three former presidents continued to deny accepting bribes from Joesley Batista.[26]

2017: Recruitment of safety director, Mexican divestment[edit]

In early August 2017, JBS hired Alfred Almanza as its global head of food safety. Almanza had previously been the head of food safety at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.[27]

On August 3, 2017, it was reported that JBS was selling its stake in its Mexican unit of Vigor Alimentos to Grupo Lala.[28]

2018: United States Department of Agriculture bailout[edit]

JBS, a Brazilian-owned company, received $22.3 million from the USDA farm bailout package of 2018.[29]

COVID-19 pandemic[edit]

At least 277 JBS USA workers at a plant in Greeley, Colorado, were presumed to be infected with coronavirus disease 2019 in April 2020, leading to the closure of this large meat processing operation with over 3,000 employees;[30][31] the plant reopened after a 9-day closure.[32] The Weld County, Colorado Department of Public Health, where Greeley is located, reported that employees had said that the JBS plant had a "work while sick" culture. The company denied any such pressure on workers.[33] By April 15, 102 workers had tested positive for the coronavirus, and four had died.[34] Outbreaks of COVID-19 have also been found in five other JBS beef processing plants, in Souderton, Pennsylvania; Plainwell, Michigan; Green Bay, Wisconsin; Cactus, Texas; and Grand Island, Nebraska.[35]

With 600 workers confirmed and probable cases in the JBS Foods plant in Brooks, Alberta, 7% of the population tested positive for COVID-19. As of May 9, 510 workers had recovered, but one worker died.[36] On 22 April it came to light that even though the plant had added a shift premium of $4 an hour, many employees skipped their shifts forcing the company to reduce their schedule to one shift.[37] As of April 21, the company claimed that there had been no walk-offs.[38]


JBS was targeted by a cyberattack in late May 2021, which forced the company to temporarily shut down slaughterhouses in Australia, Canada and the United States.[39][40] The company stood down 7,000 workers across Australian operations and up to 3,000 workers in Canada and the United States.[41] In June 2021, JBS paid $11 million in ransom, using Bitcoin, to put an end to the cyberattack. Chief executive Andre Nogueira said: "This was a very difficult decision to make for our company and for me personally".[42]

Cultured meat[edit]

In 2021, JBS invested US$ 100 million in cultured meat through BioTech Foods, with plans to release to the market by 2024.[43][44][45]


JBS operates in the segments of beef, pork, poultry, fish, and sheep, as well as leather, collagen, metal packaging, biodiesel, and transportation.[46]

Animal and Plant Protein[edit]


Cosmetics and Cleaning[edit]


  • Anglo (vegetables)
  • Funpet (animal feed)
  • JBS Biodiesel (biodiesel production)[54]
  • JBS Couros (leather)
  • Zempack (production of steel cans and steel and aluminum aerosols)[54]
  • JBS Transportadora (transportation of live animals, containers, dry and refrigerated goods, as well as leather)[54]
    • Uboi (focused on transportation of animals for livestock farmers of all sizes)[54]
  • JBS-Swift Foods Company
  • NovaProm (produces and exports bovine collagen to more than 40 countries)[54]
  • JBS Natural Casings (produces natural bovine casings)[54]
  • NoCarbon (specialized in leasing electric trucks, involved in distribution of JBS and retail products)[54]
  • JBS Trading (trades raw materials in the food, hygiene and cleaning, fuel, pharmaceutical, and cellulose sectors)[54]
  • TRP (acquires new vehicles for JBS companies and sells used trucks and trailers)[54]
  • Orygina (produces inputs for the pharmaceutical industry, offers research centers, molecular development, genetic therapies and vaccines, and exports culture media)[54]
  • Campo Forte Fertilizantes (produces fertilizers from organic waste generated in its factories)[54]
  • Genu-in (production of collagen peptides and gelatin for the nutraceutical market)[54][57]
  • MassaLeve (company in the fresh pasta segment)

Plants and subsidiaries[edit]

JBS's production structure is embedded in consumer markets worldwide, with plants installed in the world's four leading beef producing nations (Brazil, Argentina, United States, and Australia), serving 110 countries through exports.[citation needed]


Donations to Electoral Campaigns[edit]

It is one of the main donors of resources for electoral campaigns in Brazil.

  • 2002 - R$ 200 thousand reais;[58]
  • 2006 - R$ 19.7 million;[59]
  • 2010 - R$ 83 million;[60]

Roberto Carlos Lawsuit[edit]

In November 2014, singer Roberto Carlos, who was a spokesperson for one of the group's brands, Friboi, filed a lawsuit against the company due to a contract termination,[61] JBS terminated the contract with the singer due to low commercial performance, as the company expected a much higher commercial return due to Carlos' image, but the strategy did not work out.[62] The singer is seeking a compensation of 7.2 million reais in court, but JBS claims to only be obligated to pay 3.2 million reais,[63] The advertising contract between JBS and Carlos was initiated in February 2014 and has a total value of about 45 million reais,[64] The case still needs to be judged in the 38th Civil Court of São Paulo.[65]

Labor Lawsuits[edit]

In June 2014, JBS was sentenced in the second instance by the Regional Labor Court of the 23rd Region, in Mato Grosso, in two different cases opened by the Ministry of Labor (MPT) based on systematic violations of labor laws. One of the sentences refers to the contamination of the meat served to employees with larvae. The other is due to the company's negligence regarding the health of its workers by failing to take basic monitoring and safety measures regarding the refrigeration reservoir using ammonia gas. In this case, Judge Juliano Girardello highlights that "inspectors detected a strong smell of this chemical product in the engine room."[66]

Political Participation[edit]

JBS was one of the largest donors of resources to the electoral campaign of the general elections in Brazil in 2014, with a total amount of 391.8 million reais declared to the Superior Electoral Court. The company donated resources to the campaigns of at least 16 political parties. Among the politicians who received these resources were the former president Dilma Rousseff, 12 senators, 18 governors, and 190 federal deputies.[citation needed]

Purchase of Dollars[edit]

On May 17, 2017, JBS purchased a large quantity of dollars in the market a few hours before the disclosure of the scandal that caused the currency to skyrocket and led the BM&FBovespa (Bovespa) to suspend trading in the morning of Thursday after a 10% drop. The information about the company's operation had a negative impact on the financial market and society.[67] In the operation, JBS made a profit of 170 million dollars.[68] The Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM) will investigate the case.[69] The profit from the operation was more than enough for JBS to pay the multimillion-dollar fine to escape the Greenfield and Lava Jato Operations, in which it is being investigated.[70]

Financial Aid from the United States[edit]

In 2019, the newspaper The New York Daily News revealed that the Donald Trump administration allocated US$ 62.4 million to subsidiary JBS USA from a fund to help American farmers affected by the trade war with China. The Department of Agriculture announced a contract in the same year to purchase US$ 22.3 million worth of pork from the company. The government had been warned about possible issues with the company one year in advance. The Secretary of Agriculture Sonny Perdue and the then Attorney General Jeff Sessions requested the Department of Justice to investigate a possible case of corruption on American soil. There are also indications that JBS benefited from trade tensions with increased sales in China. JBS stated that despite being a foreign company, it supports American farmers by creating job opportunities. Representative Rosa DeLauro from Connecticut claims that President Donald Trump is unaware of the situation.[71]

Corruption allegations[edit]

Operation Weak Meat[edit]

On March 17, 2017, some JBS company meatpacking plants were targeted for investigation during Operation Weak Meat conducted by the Federal Police (PF). At the time, the PF arrested 36 individuals suspected of involvement in a fraud scheme in the production and commercialization of meat, which involved the corruption of inspectors from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, as well as producers. The investigation uncovered evidence of product adulteration and the sale of expired and spoiled meat. A total of 21 factories were investigated. As a result of the operation, JBS suffered a loss of 15.35% in its market value, which at the time was R$ 32.6 billion, and it ended up being valued at R$ 27.6 billion, according to the financial information company Economatica. Despite this, the Brazilian meat market continued to thrive.[72]

Operation Bullish[edit]

On May 12, 2017, the Federal Police (PF) launched Operation Bullish, which investigated fraud in the loans granted by the National Bank for Economic and Social Development (BNDES) through its subsidiary BNDESPAR to JBS. The loans were allegedly granted after the hiring of a consulting company linked to former congressman Antonio Palocci. The targets of the warrants included Luciano Coutinho, who chaired the development bank from 2007 to 2016, and the Batista brothers, Joesley and Wesley, who are in charge of the group's companies. The loans, amounting to R$ 8.1 billion, were used for the acquisition of other companies in the meatpacking industry. The PF found evidence that these operations were executed without the requirement of guarantees and with the improper waiver of contractual premiums, resulting in a loss of approximately R$ 1.2 billion to public coffers.[73]

On May 17, 2017, the technical area of the Federal Court of Auditors (TCU) calculated that BNDES had incurred losses of 711.3 million reais in stock and debenture purchases from the JBS group. The auditors stated that there had been a "gratuitous transfer of public money" to the company. This material was one of the elements that led to Operation Bullish. TCU technicians assessed that BNDES failed to collect the resources it was entitled to, did not supervise the use of the invested money, and did not consider the social impact of the operations carried out with the group.[74]

Operation Achilles Tendon[edit]

On June 9, 2017, the Federal Police carried out a search and seizure operation at the headquarters of JBS in São Paulo. The operation, conducted in conjunction with the Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), investigated whether JBS and its parent company engaged in insider trading of dollars in the days leading up to the plea bargain of Joesley and Wesley Batista. The operation also investigated the company's activities in the futures market and the dealings of its controlling shareholder FB Participações SA with the company's shares. Three search warrants and four coercive measures were executed.[75]

Operation Car Wash[edit]

JBS and its owners are involved in Brazil's largest political scandal, which has implicated a sitting President of the Republic as well as a Senator. Although the financial amounts involved are not as substantial as those in the country's largest corruption scandal in recent history, the Car Wash operation,[76] the embezzlement carried out by the Workers' Party and its allies in Petrobras, and the JBS scandal are comparable events. This is due to Joesley Batista's plea bargain, which directly implicated President Michel Temer, including highly compromising audio and video recordings. In addition to President Temer, Senator Aécio Neves, who was the target of Operation Patmos, was also mentioned and recorded by the whistleblower.[77]

Due to the plea bargain, the Central Bank of Norway withdrew JBS from its Government Pension Fund investments. The bank held US$ 143.4 million in JBS shares.[78]

In 2019, Edson Fachin requested the lifting of the Batista brothers' criminal immunity, which led to a 7% drop in JBS shares, resulting in a loss of R$ 3 billion. The request was made for crimes committed after the plea bargain. The brothers failed to inform the Federal Public Prosecutor's Office about the illicit conduct of former prosecutor Marcelo Miller, who was accused by the Federal Police of receiving R$ 1.8 million from J&F Investimentos to act as a double agent during the plea bargain negotiations. Joesley and Ricardo Saud took four months to disclose the payment of R$ 500,000 to Ciro Nogueira during Dilma Rousseff's impeachment. The brothers also profited from the sale of JBS shares through insider trading contracts with the dollar. Another factor contributing to the stock market decline was the police summons issued against Dilma Rousseff, Renan Calheiros, Eduardo Braga, and Vital do Rêgo regarding illicit donations of R$ 40 million from JBS to politicians in the 2014 presidential elections.[79]

Tax Havens[edit]

The precise number of JBS's foreign subsidiaries is unknown. The company reported having 32 subsidiaries to the Securities and Exchange Commission (CVM), but it told ((o))eco that the number is over 100. In a document submitted to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), the company stated that it had 253 controlled subsidiaries in 30 countries. Many of the officially declared subsidiaries have conflicting or missing data.[80]

In 2016, JBS attempted to relocate its headquarters to Ireland with listings on the New York Stock Exchange. The decision was based on a study by PwC. The move was vetoed by BNDES, which was viewed negatively by foreign shareholders. Wesley Batista accepted the decision and promised to seek an alternative.[81]

In 2019, JBS considered relocating its headquarters to Luxembourg or the Netherlands as part of its initial public offering process. The plan was called Project Hydra and would involve the relocation of JBS S/A, JBS Global, and Seara.[82] In 2020, documents prepared by Deloitte revealed a plan to move to the two countries called "Crystal," aiming to mitigate tax risks and exposure. JBS stated that it is a multinational company, and the opening and closing of offices are routine.[83]

In 2021, a survey conducted by ((o))eco showed that JBS, Marfrig, and Minerva control at least 14 companies in tax havens, in addition to other companies located in countries that are not tax havens but offer facilities, such as Austria.[80]

JBS Parliamentary Inquiry Commission[edit]

On September 5, 2017, the National Congress created the JBS Parliamentary Inquiry Commission, a Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (CPI),[84] which aims to investigate the alleged irregularities committed by the J&F group, which controls JBS, in relation to loans from the Brazilian Development Bank (BNDES) between 2007 and 2016,[85] and the collaboration agreement of the group with the Federal Public Ministry.[86] The CPI has been criticized by lawmakers and the press for being used, in the words of João Gualberto and Otto Alencar, to pressure the Federal Public Ministry,[87][88][89][90] and to change the rules of plea bargaining.[91] Senator Randolfe Rodrigues, a critic of the CPI, filed a writ of mandamus with the Supreme Federal Court requesting the suspension of its proceedings. According to Randolfe, the CPI aims to "corner" the independence of the Judiciary and the Federal Public Ministry.[86][92]

Animal Welfare[edit]

On July 17, 2018, the NGO Mercy For Animals released an investigation at Tosh Farms, a JBS supplier in the United States.[93][94][95][96] The footage showed terrible animal suffering, including:

  • Employees kicking, punching, and slapping the animals' faces.
  • Sows confined in tiny crates so small that they can't even turn around or lie down comfortably.
  • Employees violently slamming piglets' heads against the floor to kill them and piglets suffering without proper veterinary care.
  • Employees ripping testicles and cutting piglets' teeth without any anesthesia.

After the release of the footage, JBS USA, the American arm of JBS, stated that it had suspended its contract with Tosh Farms based in Tennessee, United States. The supplier provided the JBS USA facility in Kentucky.[97][98][99][100][101]

In Brazil, the company committed to eliminating gestation crates for sows in its operations by 2025.[102] However, the use of such crates has not yet been prohibited by the company in its supply chains in other countries.

Gestation crates are considered an extremely harmful practice for animals, and there are regulations banning their use in Canada, New Zealand, Australia, the European Union, and ten U.S. states.[103][104][105][106]


Meatpacking plants are prone to the emergence of new diseases due to the forced proximity between humans and animals. Another factor is deforestation. According to the USAID, 31% of diseases transmitted from animals to humans are caused by the degradation of their natural habitats. In Brazil, the Amazon Rainforest alone has identified 160 species of bats containing 3,204 different types of coronaviruses.[107]

COVID-19 Cases[edit]

During the COVID-19 pandemic, under pressure from the Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock, and Supply, the meatpacking plants were considered essential and did not halt their operations. In 2020, there was an outbreak of cases in meatpacking plants throughout the country. JBS had cases of COVID-19 in a meatpacking plant in Passo Fundo.[108] The cases triggered an investigation by the Ministério Público do Trabalho.[108]

In the United States, JBS along with other companies such as Tyson Foods, Cargill, Smithfield Foods, and National Beef had 59,000 cases and 269 deaths between March 2020 and February 2021.[109] This led the Donald Trump administration to invoke the Defense Production Act (DPA), a law created to ensure supply during the Korean War, to keep the meatpacking plants operating.[110]

Environmental Damage[edit]

Despite receiving sustainability awards,[111][112] and announcing its commitment to reduce carbon emissions by 2040,[113] JBS has been increasing its emissions, and in 2022 its carbon footprint was larger than that of Italy.[114] Many of its environmental policies are considered a form of greenwashing.[115]

A study conducted in 2021 by the Institute of Agriculture and Trade Policy (IATP) and GRAIN found that JBS is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases among meat and dairy companies by a significant amount, which is linked to the company's economic growth that increases emissions related to meat production and causes deforestation and destruction of watersheds, mainly in Brazil.[116] The Corporate Climate Responsibility Monitor by the New Climate Institute and Carbon Market Watch in 2022 rates JBS programs with very low transparency and integrity.[117]

JBS released 421.6 million metric tonnes of carbon in 2021, which is a larger output than all of Italy.[118] In a five-year period, JBS's emissions increased by 50%.[118]

In December 2022, Brazilian federal prosecutors released a report showing that "Nearly 17% of the cattle bought by JBS SA in Brazil's Para state in the Amazon rainforest allegedly came from ranches with "irregularities" such as illegal deforestation",[119] according to Reuters.


According to JBS, the company already has a zero deforestation policy with its direct suppliers. In 2020, the company announced a plan for zero deforestation by 2025, which will include the implementation of a system to monitor other suppliers. JBS has also created an investment fund (Amazon Fund), with the goal of reaching R$1 billion in funds raised.[120] However, little progress is being made.

In 2009, the Greenpeace released a report called "A Farra do Boi" (The Ox's Frenzy), exposing the connection between slaughterhouses such as JBS and illegal deforestation. The report forced the slaughterhouses to sign the TAC da Carne (Cattle Agreement) in 2010, committing to purchasing cattle from areas free of illegal deforestation.[121] In 2017, Greenpeace stopped monitoring JBS' compliance with the Compromisso Público da Pecuária na Amazônia (Public Commitment for Livestock in the Amazon) until the company proves it is meeting all the established criteria.[122]

In 2011, the Public Prosecutor's Office sent a notice to JBS for purchasing cattle from slaughterhouses involved in environmental crimes in the Maraiwatsede Indigenous Land, in violation of the Cattle Agreement.[123]

Repórter Brasil revealed that in 2013, JBS acquired hundreds of cattle heads from Cirineide Bianchi Castanha, mother of Ezequiel Antônio Castanha, wanted by the Federal Police for being the biggest deforester in the Amazon of all time. Additionally, he is accused of money laundering, land grabbing, and encroachment on public areas. Onério Castanha, his father, was one of the group's biggest fronts and is also accused of deforestation and modern-day slavery. JBS stated that Onério had already been disconnected from the company since 2012 but would also disconnect from Cirineide.[124]

In 2017, De Olho nos Ruralistas, an observatory of agribusiness in Brazil, published an article revealing that JBS had purchased 449 cattle heads from Eliseu Padilha's farm, Chief of Staff of the Civil House in the Michel Temer government, since 2014. Fazenda Cachoeira was embargoed for the illegal deforestation of 755 hectares and did not have authorization from the State Secretary of the Environment to engage in livestock farming. The farm was located within the Serra Ricardo Franco State Park in Mato Grosso. Padilha controlled four more properties within the park and moved the cattle to avoid the embargoes. The Michel Temer government attempted to protect him,[125] but Padilha faced a fine of R$38.22 million in 2016.[126] Much of the deforestation took place shortly after the creation of the park in 1994.[127]

In 2017, the Instituto do Homem e Meio Ambiente da Amazônia and the Instituto Centro de Vida classified JBS as the first among meat industry companies involved in deforestation in the Amazon.[128]

In 2017, the Brazilian Institute of the Environment and Renewable Natural Resources carried out Operation Cold Meat (not to be confused with Operation Weak Meat), which investigated 15 slaughterhouses and 20 farms that sold meat from embargoed areas for ten months. Two slaughterhouses connected to JBS were investigated. It was found that in some cases, the sales of cattle raised in deforested areas were made directly to the companies. In other cases, they falsified the origin of the cattle or raised them alongside legal areas, which were mixed during the sale. Another issue is the illegal vaccination of cattle. The vaccines are georeferenced, so illegal producers avoid them to avoid incrimination. The company was fined R$ 24.7 million. JBS denies having purchased cattle heads from the slaughterhouses in question.[129] The operation was launched without the knowledge of the Ministry of the Environment and faced an attempt to cover it up by the Michel Temer government. As a consequence, Luiz Paulo Printes, acting superintendent of Ibama, was removed from his position.[130] In 2019, an investigation conducted by Repórter Brasil, The Guardian, and Bureau of Investigative Journalism found that JBS continued to purchase cattle raised in deforested pastures. JBS refuted the claims, stating that they have a robust monitoring system.[131]

In 2019, a partnership between the Stockholm Environment Institute and Global Canopy found that JBS is responsible for the destruction of 28,000 to 32,000 hectares of forests annually for meat exports. The data does not account for domestic consumption in Brazil.[131] Mighty Earth published a report between March 2019 and November 2020 involving ten companies involved in deforestation in the Amazon and Cerrado, including JBS, Cargill, Bunge, Marfrig, COFCO IMTL, Minerva Foods, ADM, ALZ, Amaggi, and LDC. JBS received the lowest ranking in the report. The survey was conducted using satellite images from the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) and other institutions.[132]

In 2020, Nordea, the largest bank in northern Europe, divested R$ 240 million from JBS due to the company's involvement in corruption scandals, deforestation, slave labor, and cases of COVID-19 in the slaughterhouses.[133]

In 2020, a report by Amnesty International, supported by a study published in the journal Science, accuses JBS of violating the UN guidelines on corporate social responsibility and human rights and the industry's beef agreement by selling cattle that grazed illegally in indigenous lands that were deforested. The report shows that the lack of monitoring systems allows indirect suppliers, which represent more than half of the suppliers, to have the freedom to deforest. JBS responded that independent audits by DNV-GL and BDO show 99.9% compliance with general terms. DNV-GL stated that JBS misused the reports since they cannot prove that the company's products are free from deforestation.[134]

In 2021, an audit by the Federal Public Ministry showed an increase in the meat marketed in Pará that contained irregularities, mainly coming from deforested areas. In 2019, the percentage was 8.3%, which jumped to 32% in 2021. The company disputes the data. The calendar of the National Institute for Space Research (INPE) runs from August 1 of one year to August 30 of the following year, but since the investigation started on August 1, the company considered only the data from the following year. Thus, technically, the company would meet the criteria of the Carne Agreement, signed by 49 Pará slaughterhouses. Nevertheless, the values represent an increasing trend. Therefore, JBS committed to improving audits and allocated R$ 5 million to the government of Pará.[135] In November, the Bolsonaro government presented JBS at the COP-26 as a success story in decarbonizing the animal protein sector, contradicting the report by the Federal Public Ministry.[136] The Sustainable Livestock Working Group, an NGO that includes JBS and other companies such as Santander and Marfrig, stated that the company is aligned with the best practices in science.[137]

In 2021, Repórter Brasil, along with Mighty Earth, published an investigation linking major retailers in the United States, the United Kingdom, and the European Union to deforestation in the Amazon. The cattle that grazed in deforested areas were sold after reaching a certain age on farms by indirect suppliers, who later sell them to slaughterhouses. Two prominent retail resellers are Lidl and METRO, for selling "in natura" meat. JBS responded that they have adopted the Transparent Livestock Platform strategy to address the problem. Lidl and Metro stated that 90% of the resold meat is regional and that they are concerned about deforestation.[138] An investigative report by ((o))eco reveals that Dutch and Japanese pension funds are investing in meat industry companies involved in deforestation. The data comes from an analysis conducted by the Forests and Finance NGO and involves companies such as ABP, PFZW, and GPIF.[128]

Due to the report in 2021, the Lidl Netherlands, Ahold Delhaize, Carrefour Belgium, Auchan, Sainsbury's, and Princes Group imposed sanctions on JBS. Lidl announced that it would no longer resell meat from South America as a whole, and Albert Heijn (a brand of Ahold Delhaize) announced that it would not resell meat from Brazil. European markets had already announced the boycott in March due to Bill 510/21, which they considered a threat to the Amazon rainforest.[139] In 2022, Aldi announced that it would not resell Brazilian meat.[140] However, other institutions such as the bank UBS continue with their investments.[141]

Involvement with Chaules Volban Pozzebon[edit]

Between 2018 and 2022, the meatpacking company JBS S.A. purchased 8,785 head of cattle from three farms owned by Pozzebon, without the company's alleged monitoring system indicating the problematic nature of the transactions. The company acknowledged the purchases and stated that it was the result of an internal scheme by employees to favor Chaules' farms.[142]

Pozzebon was the leader of a criminal organization engaged in illegal logging and extortion, known as the owner of 120 sawmills throughout the Northern region of the country, which earned him the title of 'Brazil's largest deforester'.[143] He was arrested during the 'Deforest Operation', conducted by the Federal Police, which led to his conviction to 99 years in prison.[144]

Carbon Emissions[edit]

JBS has a net-zero emissions program by 2040. The company has also implemented two international projects to include herbs such as lemongrass and tannin in cattle diets to reduce methane emissions. The practice is based on a study commissioned by Burger King, whose data and application have been questioned by researchers.[136]

In 2022, a report by the New Climate Institute and Carbon Market Watch revealed that multinational corporations such as JBS, Vale, Sony, Google, and Nestlé lack transparency and integrity in their net-zero carbon programs. These companies collectively account for 5% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and their measures only result in a maximum reduction of 20% in their carbon footprint. In response, JBS stated that the report is misleading and that their Net Zero program was approved by the Science-Based Targets Initiative (SBTi) in 2021. SBTi also announced that they will review their methodology to align with new standards.[115]


  • Marketing Best 2014 with the slogan "Friboi, carne confiável tem nome" (Friboi, reliable meat has a name)[145]
  • Troféu Ponto Extra 2012 (Extra Point Trophy)[146]
  • Largest Food and Publicly Traded Company in Brazil[147]
  • Largest Food Company in Brazil according to the Valor 1000 Ranking[148]
  • Fimec 2012 Award[149]
  • Best Company in Media Relations[150]

Board of directors[edit]

As of April 30, 2019, board members include:[151]

  • Jeremiah O'Callaghan (chair)
  • José Batista Sobrinho
  • Aguinaldo Gomes Ramos Filho
  • Gilberto Meirelles Xandó Baptista
  • Wesley Mendonça Batista Filho
  • José Guimarães Monforte
  • Cledorvino Belini
  • Alba Pettengill
  • Márcio Guedes Pereira Júnior

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Results for the Fourth Quarter and Year ended December 31, 2021". JBS S.A. Retrieved 2022-03-24.
  2. ^ JBS S.A. (2011). "Contact us". "Address Avenida Marginal Direita do Tietê, 500 Vila Jaguara - São Paulo/SP - Brazil CEP: 05118-100." Retrieved on 2011-02-03 from "Grupo JBS-Friboi". Archived from the original on 2012-12-31. Retrieved 2011-02-04..
  3. ^ "The World's Largest Beef Company Is Planning a U.S. IPO in 2017". Fortune. Retrieved 7 December 2017.
  4. ^ "J&F Investimentos Agrees to Financial Terms of Leniency Agreement". GlobeNewswire (Press release). May 31, 2017.
  5. ^ "JBSAY". NASDAQ. 11 May 2020.
  6. ^ a b Keren Blankfeld (2011-05-09). "JBS: The Story Behind the World's Biggest Meat Producer". Forbes.
  7. ^ a b Elzio Barreto (2007-05-29). "Brazil's JBS-Friboi to buy Swift for US$225 mln". Reuters.
  8. ^ a b c "JBS seen struggling to sell Argentine beef plants". Reuters. 2010-08-31.
  9. ^ a b c Pearson, Samantha; Magalhaes, Luciana (May 21, 2017). "Brazilian Bribery Allegations Escalate Clash Between Government, Businesses". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 22, 2017.
  10. ^ UPDATE 1-JBS shares fall amid fears of new bid for Sara Lee, Reuters
  11. ^ "JBS Acquires Canadian Operations of XL Foods". GLOBE NEWSWIRE. 9 January 2013.
  12. ^ [1], Bloomberg
  13. ^ Tyson Foods, Inc. (2014-07-28). "Tyson Foods to Sell Mexico and Brazilian Poultry Businesses" (PDF).
  14. ^ a b c Pearson, Samantha; Megalhaes, Luciana (May 19, 2017). "Political Crisis Grips Brazil as Firm Admits to Bribing Nation's Leaders". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  15. ^ a b Pearson, Samantha; Jelmayer, Rogerio (February 23, 2017). "Brazil Corruption Scandal Has Companies Rushing to Bulk Up Compliance Ranks". Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  16. ^ a b c d Jelmayer, Rogerio; Magalhaes, Luciana (March 17, 2017). "Brazil Police Launch Massive Anticorruption Probe of Meatpacking Industry". Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  17. ^ a b c Trevisani, Paulo; Magalhães, Luciana. "JBS Cuts Beef Production as Brazilian Officials Try to Reopen Export Markets". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  18. ^ a b c Magalhaes, Luciana; Lewis, Jeffrey T. (May 12, 2017). "Meatpacker JBS Probed by Brazilian Police Over Loans From BNDES". Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  19. ^ a b Freitas Jr, Gerson; Valle, Sabrina (28 March 2017). "Worst May Be Over in Brazil Meat Scandal as Curbs Lifted". Bloomberg. Retrieved 29 March 2017.
  20. ^ Kiernan, Paul (March 20, 2017). "Brazil Seeks to Contain Fallout From Meat Scandal". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  21. ^ T. Lewis, Jeffrey (May 19, 2017). "Brazil Stocks, Currency Recover Somewhat After Temer-Related Plunge". Wall Street Journal. New York City, United States. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  22. ^ "MISCONDUCT IN AGROHOLDINGS. THE CASE OF JBS". Large Scale Agriculture. 16 January 2019. Retrieved 15 January 2021.
  23. ^ Freitas Jr., Gerson (May 23, 2017). "Batista Bonds Worst in Emerging Markets on JBS Debt Concerns". Bloomberg News. Archived from the original on May 24, 2017. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  24. ^ Godoy, Marcelo; Salomão, Alexa; Trevisan, Claudia (May 24, 2017). "JBS contrata advogados para se defender nos EUA" [JBS hires lawyers to defend itself in the U.S.]. O Estado de S. Paulo (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on May 24, 2017. Retrieved May 29, 2017.
  25. ^ a b Magalhaes, Luciana; Kiernan, Paul (May 31, 2017). "JBS Parent to Pay $3.2 Billion to Settle Corruption Investigations in Brazil". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, New York. Retrieved June 1, 2017.
  26. ^ Bunge, Jacob (August 3, 2017). "JBS Hires Former USDA Official to Head Food Safety". The Wall Street Journal. New York City, New York, United States. Retrieved August 10, 2017.
  27. ^ JBS sells Vigor to Mexico's Lala, United Kingdom: Financial Times, August 3, 2017, retrieved August 10, 2017
  28. ^ Stein, Jeff (January 9, 2019). "Trump farm bailout money will go to Brazilian-owned meatpacking firm, USDA says". Washington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2019 – via MSN News.
  29. ^ MOLTENI, MEGAN (7 May 2020). "Why Meatpacking Plants Have Become Covid-19 Hot Spots". WIRED. Condé Nast.
  30. ^ Bradbury, Shelly (April 13, 2020). "Coronavirus outbreak at Greeley plant forces two-week closure, burdens local health facilities". Denver Post. Retrieved April 15, 2020.
  31. ^ "Fifth local JBS employee dies from coronavirus as union, company trade shots". Longmont Times-Call. 2020-04-27. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  32. ^ Gliha, Lori Jane (April 16, 2020). "Weld County health department letter: Meat plant workers felt a culture of 'work while sick'". KDVR. Denver, Colorado. Retrieved April 19, 2020.
  33. ^ Staff (April 15, 2020). "Coronavirus Death Toll Among Colorado Meatpacking Workers Rises To 5". CPR News. Retrieved April 16, 2020.
  34. ^ Honig, Esther; Genoways, Ted. ""The workers are being sacrificed": As cases mounted, meatpacker JBS kept people on crowded factory floors". Mother Jones. Retrieved 2020-05-01.
  35. ^ Rieger, Sarah (9 May 2020). "Asymptomatic testing centre set up in Brooks as 7% of city's population tests positive for COVID-19". CBC News. Calgary AB. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  36. ^ "Scared to show up for work". Castanet. Kelowna BC. The Canadian Press. 22 April 2020. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  37. ^ Franklin, Michael (21 April 2020). "No one laid off, production reduced to one shift at Brooks, Alta., meat plant". CTV News. Calgary AB. Retrieved 10 May 2020.
  38. ^ Hadi, Mohammed; Davis, William P. (2021-06-01). "White House says hack of meat processor is a ransomware attack, as some plants are shut down". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 June 2021.
  39. ^ "Cyber attack hits JBS meat works in Australia, North America". Reuters. 2021-05-31. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  40. ^ Harris, Bryan (2021-06-01). "Russian criminal gang probably hacked meat supplier JBS, says White House". Financial Times. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  41. ^ "Meat giant JBS pays $11m in ransom to resolve cyber-attack". BBC. 2021-06-10. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  42. ^ "JBS Enters Cultivated Meat With Acquisition of BioTech Foods and $100M R&D Center in Brazil - vegconomist - the vegan business magazine". 2021-11-18. Retrieved 2022-09-19.
  43. ^ "JBS entra no mercado de proteína cultivada com aquisição da BioTech Foods e construção de fábrica na Europa". JBS Media Room (in Brazilian Portuguese). 2021-11-18. Retrieved 2022-09-19.
  44. ^ Azevedo, G (2021-11-18). "JBS anuncia investimento de US$ 100 milhões em carne de laboratório". Canal Rural (in Brazilian Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-09-19.
  45. ^ Tatiana Vaz (May 18, 2017). "Além da JBS, de quem mais a J&F é dona". Exame. Abril. Retrieved June 10, 2017.
  46. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Revista Dinheiro Rural: Wesley Batista, a nova cara do JBS
  47. ^ "Sadia fecha compra da Excelsior Alimentos por R$ 6,6 milhões". 26 June 2008.
  48. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al "Marcas". JBS. Retrieved March 19, 2018.
  49. ^ "Cinco barões brasileiros da carne se tornam bilionários com ajuda do BNDES". UOL economia. December 15, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  50. ^ "Produtos". JBS. Archived from the original on April 19, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  51. ^ "JBS Compra Seasra Da Marfrig Por R$ 5,8 Bilhões". Epoca. June 10, 2013. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  52. ^ "Cade aprova compra do Grupo Big Frango pela JBS". UOL Economia. January 14, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  53. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac "Relatório Anual e de Sustentabilidade 2021". July 6, 2022. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  54. ^ a b "Our Brands — JBS Foods". JBS Foods Group. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  55. ^ "Campanha institucional apresenta os grandes valores e as pessoas que fazem a JBS". Portal da Propaganda. January 5, 2015. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  56. ^ "JBS entra no mercado de saúde e nutracêuticos com a Genu-in, empresa especializada em peptídeos de colágeno e gelatina" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Valor Econômico. August 10, 2022. Retrieved August 23, 2022.
  57. ^ "Maior doador de campanhas concentra repasses a governistas". Folha de S.Paulo. September 21, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  58. ^ "JBS: Maior doador concentra repasses a governistas". Brasil Agro. September 22, 2014. Archived from the original on May 18, 2015. Retrieved May 9, 2015.
  59. ^ "JBS: Maior doador concentra repasses a governistas". Hoje em dia. September 22, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  60. ^ "Friboi rompe contrato milionário com Roberto Carlos - regiaonoroeste.com". www.regiaonoroeste.com.
  61. ^ "Friboi rompe contrato com Roberto Carlos por imagem "não confiável"". Infomoney. November 10, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  62. ^ "Roberto Carlos está processando a JBS". Revista Globo Rural. Globo Rural. November 10, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  63. ^ "JBS rescinde contrato com Roberto Carlos". Revista VEJA. November 10, 2014.
  64. ^ "Roberto Carlos processa JBS após quebra de contrato milionário". G1 economia. November 10, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  65. ^ Daniel Santini and Stefano Wrobleski (August 7, 2014). "JBS é condenada por servir carne com larvas para empregados". Repórter Brasil. Retrieved October 19, 2015.
  66. ^ "JBS fez grande compra de dólares na véspera de escândalo, afirmam jornais". Jornal do Brasil. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  67. ^ "Ganho da JBS com compra de dólares é mais que suficiente para pagar multa". Estadão. May 18, 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  68. ^ "CVM investigará se JBS lucrou com delação premiada, diz jornal". InfoMoney. May 19, 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  69. ^ "Dono da JBS grava Temer dando aval para compra de silêncio de Cunha", O Globo, 2017-05-17
  70. ^ "Trump administration showers Brazilian crooks with $62M bailout money meant for struggling U.S. farmers". New York Daily News. Chris Sommerfeldt. May 16, 2019. Archived from the original on May 5, 2022. Retrieved May 5, 2022.
  71. ^ "Três frigoríficos da JBS que deram férias coletivas após 'Carne Fraca' retomam atividades em MT". Globo.com. April 24, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  72. ^ "Polícia Federal investiga fraude em aportes do BNDES à JBS". O Globo. May 12, 2017. Retrieved May 12, 2017.
  73. ^ "BNDES perde R$ 711 milhões com JBS, diz TCU". O Globo. May 17, 2017. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
  74. ^ "PF faz operação na sede da JBS em São Paulo". G1 Globo. June 9, 2017. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  75. ^ "Livro-reportagem revela os bastidores da corrupção na Petrobras", Máquina de Escrever (in Brazilian Portuguese), 25 September 2016
  76. ^ "Dono da JBS grava Temer dando aval para compra de silêncio de Cunha". Globo.com. 17 May 2017. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
  77. ^ Luiz Henrique Mendes (July 11, 2018). "Noruega exclui JBS de aportes de fundo de pensão do governo" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Valor Econômico. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  78. ^ Júlia Moura (November 5, 2019). "JBS perde R$ 3 bi na Bolsa com possível perda de imunidade de irmãos Batista" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  79. ^ a b Pedro Papini, Fernanda Wenzel, Naira Hofmeister (January 13, 2021). "Operações em paraísos fiscais engordam cofre de frigoríficos em R$ 49 bilhões" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  80. ^ Renata Agostini (October 26, 2016). "BNDES veta reestruturação da JBS, e ações despencam nesta quarta" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  81. ^ Bruna Narcizo, Alexa Salomão (December 6, 2019). "Projeto da JBS transfere sede para fora do Brasil" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on May 8, 2022. Retrieved May 8, 2022.
  82. ^ Jamil Chade (July 7, 2020). "Jamil Chade - Documentos detalham plano da JBS para empresa financeira em Luxemburgo" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Uol. Archived from the original on May 9, 2022. Retrieved May 9, 2022.
  83. ^ "Instalada a CPI mista da JBS e J&F". Senado. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  84. ^ Mirthyani Bezerra. "CPI da JBS aprova convidar Janot e convocar ex-procuradores e irmãos Batista". Uol. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  85. ^ a b "Um terço dos membros da CPI da JBS já foi financiado pela empresa". Correio Braziliense. September 13, 2017. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  86. ^ "CPI do Janot". O Antagonista. June 13, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  87. ^ Mirthyani Bezerra. "Integrantes da CPI da JBS dizem que comissão quer constranger o MPF e que acabará em pizza". Uol. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  88. ^ Débora Bergamasco e Mateus Coutinho (September 22, 2017). "Aliados de Michel Temer manobram CPI contra Janot e delatores da JBS". Época. Globo.com. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  89. ^ "CPI da JBS blinda Lula, convida Janot e convoca Joesley". Último Segundo. iG. Archived from the original on September 26, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  90. ^ "Governo quer usar CPI da JBS para mudar regra de delação". O Antagonista. September 16, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  91. ^ "CPI da JBS viola independência do Judiciário e do Ministério Público, afirma senador". Consultor Jurídico. September 21, 2017. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
  92. ^ "JBS suspende contrato com fornecedora nos EUA após vídeo mostrar maus-tratos a porcos". Folha de S.Paulo (in Brazilian Portuguese). July 18, 2018.
  93. ^ "Fornecedor da JBS nos EUA é denunciado por maus tratos de porcos | EXAME". exame.abril.com.br (in Brazilian Portuguese). Archived from the original on July 31, 2018. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  94. ^ "JBS suspende fornecedor após alegações de crueldade animal - Notícias - UOL Economia". UOL Economia (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  95. ^ "JBS suspende contrato com fornecedora nos EUA após ONG denunciar maus-tratos a porcos - Metro 1". Metro 1 (in Brazilian Portuguese).
  96. ^ Adrian Mojica, Kathleen Serie. "Shipments suspended at Kentucky farm after video purports to show animal abuse". WZTV.
  97. ^ Jory Rand bio, about Jory Rand (July 17, 2018). "CA's prop 12 looking to change meat industry in other states". ABC7 Los Angeles.
  98. ^ "Video showing pigs being beaten prompts meat giant to stop shipments from farm". Newsweek. July 18, 2018.
  99. ^ "Undercover video shows pigs kicked, punched and confined". KTVU.
  100. ^ "Greeley-based meatpacker JBS called on to end abuse of pigs following undercover investigation of supplier". The Denver Post. July 17, 2018.
  101. ^ "JBS - Investor Relations". jbss.infoinvest.com.br. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  102. ^ "Farm Animal Confinement Bans by State". ASPCA.
  103. ^ "Canada Bans Gestation Crates In Which Pigs Can't Turn Around". HuffPost Canada. March 7, 2014.
  104. ^ "Sow crates to be phased out by 2015". NZ Herald. ISSN 1170-0777.
  105. ^ "Group housing for sows - meeting new EU legislation! | Compassion in Food Business". www.compassioninfoodbusiness.com. Retrieved July 30, 2018.
  106. ^ Fernanda Wenzel, Naira Hofmeister, and Pedro Papini (September 11, 2020). "Amazon meatpacking plants, a COVID-19 hotspot, may be ground zero for next pandemic" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on May 12, 2022. Retrieved May 12, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  107. ^ a b Rikardy Tooge (2020-05-08). "Ministério Público do Trabalho investiga controle da Covid-19 entre funcionários de 61 frigoríficos em 11 estados" (in Brazilian Portuguese). G1. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
  108. ^ Leah Douglas (2022-01-15). "Nearly 90% of big US meat plants had COVID-19 cases in pandemic's first year - data". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2022-03-12.
  109. ^ "Trump define que frigoríficos dos EUA devem seguir abertos na pandemia do coronavírus" (in Brazilian Portuguese). G1. 2020-04-29. Archived from the original on 2022-05-12. Retrieved 2022-05-12.
  110. ^ "JBS Ambiental conquista prêmio de sustentabilidade com o Piso Verde" (in Brazilian Portuguese). O Presente Rural. 2021-11-10. Archived from the original on 2022-05-04. Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  111. ^ "Notícias sobre natureza, clima e sustentabilidade – GLOBO RURAL - NOTÍCIAS - JBS recebe prêmio por ação com óleo de cozinha". Globo Rural Online. 2011-05-18. Archived from the original on 2022-05-04. Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  112. ^ "Net Zero 2040". jbs.com.br. Archived from the original on 2022-05-04. Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  113. ^ "Brazilian Meat Giant JBS a Bigger Emitter Than Italy, Study Estimates". Tasmanian Times. 2022-04-26. Archived from the original on 2022-05-04. Retrieved 2022-05-04.
  114. ^ a b Cristiane Prizibisczki (2022-02-07). "JBS e Vale rebatem relatório internacional que questiona suas metas de descarbonização" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  115. ^ Ben Lilliston (2021-10-21). "Behind the curtain of the JBS net zero pledge". IATP. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  116. ^ "Corporate Climate Responsibility Monitor 2022". New Climate Institute, Carbon Market Watch. 2022-02-07. Retrieved 2022-05-05. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  117. ^ a b Harris, Bryan (2022-04-21). "Meatpacker JBS comes under fire over 50% emissions rise". Financial Times. Retrieved 2022-04-21.
  118. ^ Mano, Ana (2022-12-15). "Brazil audit finds 17% of cattle bought by JBS came from 'irregular' ranches". Reuters. Retrieved 2022-12-16.
  119. ^ Cleyton Vilarino (2020-09-23). "JBS announces plan for zero deforestation by 2025" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Globo Rural. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  120. ^ Fernanda Wenzel (2019-10-06). "JBS reduces transparency regarding livestock farms" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  121. ^ Daniele Bragança (2017-03-24). "Greenpeace breaks off negotiations with JBS" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  122. ^ Gustavo Faleiros (2011-10-18). "Public Prosecutor's Office notifies JBS for illegal meat" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  123. ^ André Campos (2015-03-09). "Deforestation linked to JBS" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Repórter Brasil. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  124. ^ Cauê Ameni (2017-06-05). "Documents show Eliseu Padilha sold illegal cattle to JBS" (in Brazilian Portuguese). De Olho nos Ruralistas. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  125. ^ Breno Pires and Rafael Moraes Moura (2016-12-05). "Judge orders the seizure of R$38 million from Padilha and partners for environmental crime - Politics" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Estadão. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  126. ^ "Greenpeace shows how Eliseu Padilha supplied meat from deforested areas to JBS, Marfrig, and Minerva" (in Brazilian Portuguese). De Olho nos Ruralistas. 2020-06-30. Archived from the original on 2022-05-15. Retrieved 2022-05-15.
  127. ^ a b Fernanda Wenzel, Naira Hofmeister, and Pedro Papini (2021-02-05). "Investigation: Dutch, Japanese pension funds pay for Amazon deforestation" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-05-08.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  128. ^ Piero Locatelli and Ana Aranha (2017-03-22). "JBS compra gado de áreas desmatadas ilegalmente e leva multa de R$24 milhões" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Repórter Brasil. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  129. ^ Eduardo Pegurier (2017-03-22). "Operação 'Carne Fria' do Ibama autua JBS, mas governo federal tenta abafar" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  130. ^ a b Daniel Camargos, André Campos, Dom Phillips, Andrew Wasley, and Alexandra Heal (2019-07-02). "JBS mantém compra de gado de desmatadores mesmo após multa de R$ 25 mi" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Repórter Brasil, The Guardian, Bureau of Investigative Journalism. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  131. ^ "Relatório relaciona operações de JBS, Cargill e Bunge ao desmatamento na Amazônia e Cerrado". Globo Rural. 2020-12-24. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  132. ^ Fernanda Wenzel (2020-07-28). "Entrevista: banco europeu retira investimento de R$ 240 milhões da JBS" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  133. ^ Truls Gulowsen. "Maior produtor de carne do mundo acusado de apoiar o desmatamento ilegal na Amazônia" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Rainforest Foundation Norway. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  134. ^ Cristiane Prizibisczki (2021-10-07). "32% do gado adquirido pela JBS no Pará vem de área com desmatamento ilegal, diz MPF" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  135. ^ a b Cristiane Prizibisczki (2021-11-03). "COP 26 - Brasil ignora compra de gado de área desmatada e apresenta JBS como caso de sucesso" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  136. ^ Suzana Petropouleas (2021-11-02). "Novas metas para emissão de metano aumentam pressão sobre o Brasil" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Folha de S.Paulo. Archived from the original on 2022-05-05. Retrieved 2022-05-05.
  137. ^ "Exportações de carne conectam desmatamento no Brasil a grandes varejistas globais" (in Brazilian Portuguese). Repórter Brasil, Mighty Earth. 2021-12-10. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  138. ^ "Supermercados europeus boicotam carne brasileira após denúncia de 'lavagem de gado'" (in Brazilian Portuguese). G1. 2021-12-16. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  139. ^ Cristiane Prizibisczki (2022-02-21). "Contra desmatamento, varejista alemã Aldi anuncia que não venderá mais carne brasileira" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-07. Retrieved 2022-05-07.
  140. ^ Fernanda Wenzel e Oliver Christe (2021-05-16). "Maior banco suíço volta ao Brasil e coloca em risco compromisso ambiental" (in Brazilian Portuguese). ((o))eco. Archived from the original on 2022-05-08. Retrieved 2022-05-08.
  141. ^ "JBS admite ter comprado quase 9 mil bois ilegais do 'maior desmatador do país'". Reporter Brasil (in Brazilian Portuguese). November 10, 2022. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  142. ^ "O "maior desmatador do Brasil" possui 120 madeireiras na região Norte". apublica (in Brazilian Portuguese). November 22, 2019. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  143. ^ "Chaules Pozzebon, madeireiro apontado como o maior desmatador do Brasil é condenado a quase 100 anos de prisão". G1 (in Brazilian Portuguese). June 21, 2021. Retrieved November 14, 2022.
  144. ^ "Friboi ganha Prêmio Marketing Best 2014". Brasil Agro. Retrieved June 10, 2017.[dead link]
  145. ^ "Conheça os vencedores do Troféu Ponto Extra 2012". Portal Aspas. Archived from the original on October 29, 2014. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  146. ^ DCI newspaper page, http://www.dci.com.br/especiais/2012/premiodci/vencedores/. Accessed on August 20, 2013.
  147. ^ "Ranking Valor 1000". Valor Econômico. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  148. ^ Desempenho Exportação Trophy, http://www.gruposinos.com.br/internaNoticias.asp?codNoticia=74 Archived 2013-08-31 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed on August 20, 2013.
  149. ^ "Prêmio "Empresas que Melhor se Comunicam com Jornalistas"". Revista Negócios da Comunicação. Retrieved August 20, 2013.
  150. ^ "Board, Council and Committees | JBS IR". jbss.infoinvest.com.br. Archived from the original on 2020-02-20. Retrieved 2020-05-01.

External links[edit]