Lakehurst Maxfield Field

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Lakehurst Maxfield Field
Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst - Emblem.png
Part of Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst
Lakehurst, Ocean County, New Jersey
2012-08-24 Main entrance of the Lakehurst unit of Joint Base McGuire Dix Lakehurst in New Jersey.jpg
Front gate at Lakehurst
Coordinates 40°02′00″N 074°21′13″W / 40.03333°N 74.35361°W / 40.03333; -74.35361 (JB MDL Lakehurst)Coordinates: 40°02′00″N 074°21′13″W / 40.03333°N 74.35361°W / 40.03333; -74.35361 (JB MDL Lakehurst)
Type Military Airfield
Site information
Owner United States Air Force
Operator 87th Air Base Wing
Controlled by  United States Air Force
Site history
Built 1916
In use 1917 – present
Garrison information
Current
commander
  • Base Commander:
    COL Frederick D. Thaden, USAF
  • Base Dep. Cmdr/CO, NSA Lakehurst :
    CAPT Christopher Bergen, USN
Garrison 87th Air Base Wing with support from Naval Support Activity Lakehurst
Occupants
Airfield information
Identifiers IATA: NEL, ICAO: KNEL, FAA LID: NEL
Elevation 100.6 feet (30.7 m) AMSL
Runways
Direction Length and surface
6/24 5,002 feet (1,525 m) Asphalt
63/243 5,001 feet (1,524 m) Asphalt
64/243 3,500 feet (1,100 m) Concrete
Source: Federal Aviation Administration[1]

Lakehurst Maxfield Field, formerly known as Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst (NAES Lakehurst), is the naval component of Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst (JB MDL), a United States Air Force–managed joint base headquartered approximately 25 miles (40 km) east-southeast of Trenton in Manchester Township in Ocean County, New Jersey, United States. It is primarily the home to Naval Air Warfare Center Aircraft Division Lakehurst, although the airfield supports several other flying and non-flying units as well. Its name is an amalgamation of its location and the last name of Commander Louis H. Maxfield, who lost his life when the R-38/USN ZR-2 airship crashed during flight on 24 August 1921 near Hull, England.[2]

When it was consolidated with McGuire Air Force Base and Fort Dix in October 2009, it became the naval component of JB MDL – a United States Air Forcecontrolled installation – and was placed under the 87th Air Base Wing. However, as with all joint bases, the installation receives support services from the previous installation authorities. Thus, Lakehurst Field is also provided certain services from Naval Support Activity Lakehurst (NSA Lakehurst), whose commander also serves as one of two Base Deputy Commanders.

Overview[edit]

History[edit]

Lakehurst Maxfield Field's history begins as a munitions-testing site for the Imperial Russian Army in 1916.[3] It was then acquired by the United States Army as Camp Kendrick during World War I. The United States Navy purchased the property in 1921 for use as an airship station and renamed it Naval Air Station Lakehurst (NAS Lakehurst).[4] (It was later renamed Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst (NAES Lakehurst).)

The United States Navy's lighter-than-air program was conducted at Lakehurst from its inception through the 1930s. NAS Lakehurst was the center of airship development in the United States and housed three of the U.S. Navy's four rigid airships, (ZR-1) Shenandoah, (ZR-3) Los Angeles, and (ZRS-4) Akron. A number of the airship hangars built to berth these ships still survive. Hangar One, in which the Shenandoah was built, held the record for the largest "single room" in the world. According to an article in the January, 1925 issue of National Geographic Magazine, the airship hangar "could house three Woolworth Buildings lying side by side." The base also housed many Navy non-rigid airships, otherwise knowns as "blimps," in several squadrons before, during, and after World War II. This included the U.S. Navy's ZPG-3W (EZ-1C), which was deactivated in September 1962.[5] In 2006, after a 44-year hiatus, the U.S. Navy resumed airship operations at Lakehurst with the MZ-3.

The installation is probably most famous as the site of the LZ 129 Hindenburg disaster on 6 May 1937. Despite the notoriety and well-documented nature of this incident, today there is a simple memorial that denotes the location of the crash at then–NAS Lakehurst in the field behind the large airship hangars on base. A ground marker, painted black, and rimmed by a bright yellow painted chain, locates where the gondola of the German zeppelin Hindenburg hit the ground.

Aviation Training[edit]

Lakehurst conducts the unique mission of supporting and developing the Aircraft Launch and Recovery Equipment and Support Equipment for naval aviation. Since the 1950s, aviation boatswain's mates have been trained at Lakehurst to operate catapults and arresting systems on aircraft carriers using rail guided jet donkeys pushing dead loads at 200 knots tested carrier arresting gear cables and tailhooks.[6][7] The Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System and the Advanced Arresting Gear system that will replace the existing steam catapults and the Mk-7 arresting gear are being developed and tested at Lakehurst at full-scale shipboard representative test facilities here.[4]

The former NAS Lakehurst also hosted the U.S. Navy's first helicopter squadrons, HU-1 (later HC-1) and HU-2 (later HC-2); the "A" and "C" enlisted training schools for the Aerographer's Mate (AG), Aviation Boatswain Mate (AB, ABE, ABF, ABH), and Parachute Rigger / Aircrew Survival Equipmentman (PR) ratings until their transfer to other Naval Air Technical Training Centers; and an Overhaul & Repair (O&R) facility for fixed-wing aircraft, the forerunner of the former Naval Air Rework Facilities and Naval Aviation Depots (NADEPs) now known as Fleet Readiness Centers (FRCs).

Today the base is used for various Naval Aviation development programs. Lakehurst Maxfield's main airfield has two 5,000-foot (1,500 m) runways under its own control tower, while a separate 13,000-foot (4,000 m) test runway – equipped with a separate control tower and pavement-mounted catapults and arresting gear for testing aircraft-carrier suitability of new naval aircraft and new flight-deck systems – is located approximately a mile to the northwest.

Tenant Organizations[edit]

Lakehurst is home to Naval Air Warfare Center (NAWC) Aircraft Division, Lakehurst, which is the largest command on the field, followed by Fleet Logistics Support Squadron 64, operating the Navy Reserve Force's C-130T Hercules.

In addition, the field is host to a several CNATTU schools, the New Jersey Army National Guard's aviation unit, as well as other tenant organisations from Ocean County, the state of New Jersey, United States Air Force, New Jersey Air National Guard, United States Public Health Service and the United States Department of Justice.[4]

Naval Support Activity Lakehurst[edit]

Naval Support Activity Lakehurst
NSA logo - small.jpg
Command insignia of NSA Lakehurst
Active 2009–present
Country  United States
Branch  United States Navy
Type Support Command
Part of
Headquartered Lakehurst Maxfield Field, Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst
Commanders
Current
commander
CAPT Chris Bergen [a]

Naval Support Activity Lakehurst (NSA Lakehurst) is the United States Navy element representing USN and USMC equities for Department of the Navy–specific asset and resources at Joint Base McGuire–Dix–Lakehurst (JB MDL), and administrative control over Naval personnel who are assigned to units that are assigned to the base.

Background[edit]

When the United States Department of Defense announced that Naval Air Engineering Station Lakehurst (NAES Lakehurst) would be affected by a Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC) action, merging it with two neighboring military bases, McGuire Air Force Base and Fort Dix, it established Joint Base McGuire-Dix-Lakehurst, New Jersey, the nation's only tri-service installation. Each installation's major support services such as MWR, Legal, medical/dental-clinic, and exchange-services roles transitioned over to either Air Force or joint operation. However, both Lakehurst (and also Fort Dix, the third component of the installation) kept several service-specific support services for their personnel. With the disestablishment of NAES Lakehurst as a separate activity from JB MDL, NSA Lakehurst became the official sponsor for these activities.

The person who is the Commanding Officer, NSA Lakehurst is also the primary Deputy Commander of JB MDL, and reports to Commander, Naval Region Mid-Atlantic (CNRMA) for all administrative and logistical concerns, and to the Joint Base Commander for operational concerns.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Also serves as one of two JB MDL Deputy Commanders
  1. ^ FAA Airport Master Record for NEL (Form 5010 PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective 22 August 2013.
  2. ^ webmaster@bluejacket.com. "U.S. Navy and Marine Corps Historic Air Fields Post WW I". bluejacket.com. Retrieved 2017-02-13. 
  3. ^ http://www.jointbasemdl.af.mil/units/lakehurst/
  4. ^ a b c "Lakehurst". www.jointbasemdl.af.mil. Retrieved 2017-02-13. 
  5. ^ [1] - "After 44 Years, Lakehurst Back in Lighter-Than-Air Flight Research," More, Kirt. Asbury Park Press, 9 May 2006.
  6. ^ "Twin Jet Monorail Test Airplane Arresting Gear." Popular Science, June 1955, p. 97.
  7. ^ Dempewolff, Richard F. (June 1958). Jet "Donkeys" for the Jets. Popular Mechanics. pp. 72–75. Retrieved 25 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Naval Aviation News, Fall 2011, p. 36; published for the Chief of Naval Operations by the Naval Air Systems Command, Patuxent River, MD (USPS 323-010; ISSN 0028-1417)

External links[edit]