JCSAT-11

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JCSAT-11
Mission type Communication
Operator SKY Perfect JSAT Group
COSPAR ID 2007-F03[1]
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft JCSAT-11
Bus A2100AX
Manufacturer Lockheed Martin
Launch mass 4,007 kg (8,834 lb)
Dimensions 27 m × 9 m (89 ft × 30 ft) with solar panels and antennas deployed.
Start of mission
Launch date 22:43:10, September 5, 2007 (2007-09-05T22:43:10)
Rocket Proton-M/Briz-M
Launch site Baikonur Site 200/39
Contractor ILS
End of mission
Destroyed Launch failure
Transponders
Band 18 × 27 Mhz and 12 × 36 MHz Ku band
12 × 36 MHz C band
Bandwidth 1,350 MHz
TWTA power Ku band 127 W
C band 48 W

JCSAT-11, was a geostationary communications satellite ordered by JSAT Corporation (now SKY Perfect JSAT Group) which was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Martin on the A2100 platform. The satellite was designated to be used as an on-orbit, but was lost on launch failure.[2]

Satellite description[edit]

The spacecraft was designed and manufactured by Lockheed Martin on the A2100AX satellite bus. It had a launch mass of 4,007 kg (8,834 lb) and a 15-year design life. A near copy of JCSAT-3A, it was to be used as an on orbit spare.[2] As most satellites based on the A2100 platform, it uses a 460 N (100 lbf) LEROS-1C LAE for orbit raising.[2] Its solar panels span 27 m (89 ft) when fully deployed and, with its antennas in fully extended configuration it is 9 m (30 ft) wide.[3]

Its payload is composed of eighteen 27 MHz and twelve 36 MHz Ku band plus twelve C band transponders, for a total bandwidth of 1,350 MHz.[4] Its high power amplifiers had an output power of 127 Watts on Ku band and 48 Watts on C band.[3]

History[edit]

On October 3, 2005, JSAT ordered an A2100AX based satellite from Lockheed Martin, JCSAT-11. It would be an almost copy of JCSAT-3A, with a C band and Ku band payload. It was expected to be launched in 2007 to act as a backup for the whole JSAT fleet.[5]

The almost 19-year streak of successful JCSAT launches was ended when a Proton-M/Briz-M failed to orbit JCSAT-11 on September 5, 2007. A damaged pyro firing cable on the interstage truss prevented the second stage from controlling its direction, and the rocket and its payload crashed into the Kazakhstan steppes.[6] Being lucky in misfortune, JCSAT-11 was simply an on-orbit backup and thus it had no operational impact on the fleet.[2]

The same day of the launch failure, JSAT placed an order with Lockheed for an identical replacement, JCSAT-12, for launch in 2009.[2] On September 19, 2007, they closed a deal with Arianespace for a launch slot with an Ariane 5 for its launch.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Proton". Retrieved 2016-08-10. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Krebs, Gunter Dirk (2016-04-21). "JCSat 10, 11, 12 (JCSat 3A, RA)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 2016-07-20. 
  3. ^ a b "JCSAT-RA". SKY Perfect JSAT Group. Retrieved August 9, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Who we are" (PDF). SSKY Perfect JSAT Group. 2012-08-03. Retrieved 2016-08-02. 
  5. ^ "JSAT Corporation Awards Lockheed Martin Contract For Third A2100 Satellite". Icaa.eu. Lockheed Martin Space Systems. October 3, 2005. Retrieved 2016-08-05. 
  6. ^ Zak, Anatoly (September 12, 2007). "Proton/JCSAT-11 launch failure". Russian Space Web. Retrieved 2016-08-05. 
  7. ^ "Arianespace to Launch Japanese Satellite JCSAT-12". Defense-aerospace.com. Arianespace. September 19, 2007. Retrieved 2016-08-05.