Jean-Claude Van Damme
|Jean-Claude Van Damme|
Van Damme in Paris at the French premiere of The Expendables 2 in 2012
|Born||Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
18 October 1960
Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Brussels, Belgium
|Other names||"The Muscles from Brussels"|
|Height||1.77 m (5 ft 10 in)|
|Style||Karate, Kickboxing, Muay Thai, Taekwondo|
|Fighting out of||Brussels, Belgium|
|Rank||Shotokan2nd Dan Black Belt in|
|Years active||1976–1982 (martial arts)
|Occupation||Actor, martial artist, screenwriter, film producer, director|
|Spouse||Maria Rodriguez (m. 1980–1984)
Cynthia Derderian (m. 1985–1986)
Gladys Portugues (m. 1987–1992);
Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (born 18 October 1960), professionally known as Jean-Claude Van Damme[a] and abbreviated as JCVD, is a Belgian actor, martial artist, screenwriter, film producer, and director best known for his martial arts action films. The most successful of these films include Bloodsport (1988), Kickboxer (1989), Lionheart (1990), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992), Hard Target (1993), Street Fighter (1994), Timecop (1994), Sudden Death (1995), JCVD (2008) and The Expendables 2 (2012).
- 1 Early life
- 2 Martial arts career
- 3 Film and television career
- 4 Monument
- 5 Controversies
- 6 Public image and influence
- 7 Personal life
- 8 Filmography
- 9 Awards and nominations
- 10 Semi-contact/light-contact record
- 11 Kickboxing record
- 12 Notes
- 13 Books cited
- 14 Further reading
- 15 External links
Van Damme was born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg, on 18 October 1960, in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium, the son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, who was an accountant and florist. His father is Walloon (French-speaking) from Brussels, and his mother is Flemish (Dutch-speaking). Van Damme's paternal grandmother was Jewish.
He began martial arts at the age of ten, enrolled by his father in a Shōtōkan Karate School. His styles consist of Shōtōkan Karate and Kickboxing. He eventually earned his black belt in karate at 18. He started lifting weights to improve his physique, which eventually led to a Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title. At the age of 16, he took up ballet, which he studied for five years. According to Van Damme, ballet "is an art, but it's also one of the most difficult sports. If you can survive a ballet workout, you can survive a workout in any other sport." Later he took up both Taekwondo and Muay Thai.
Martial arts career
At the age of 12, Van Damme joined the Centre National De Karaté (National Center of Karate) under the guidance of Claude Goetz in Belgium. Van Damme trained for four years and he earned a spot on the Belgian Karate Team; later training in full-contact karate and kickboxing with Dominique Valera.
Semi-contact karate career
At the age of 15, Van Damme started his competitive karate career in Belgium. From 1976 to 1980, Van Damme compiled a record of 44 victories and 4 defeats in tournament and non-tournament semi-contact matches.
Van Damme placed second at the Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials). At the 3-day tournament, Van Damme defeated 25 opponents before losing in the finals to teammate Angelo Spataro.
1980 Forest National match
On 8 March 1980, in Brussels, Belgium, Van Damme competed against his former teammate Patrick Teugels at the Forest National Arena on the undercard of the Dan Macaruso-Dominique Valera Professional Karate Association Light-Heavyweight World Championship bout. Prior to this match, Teugels had defeated Van Damme twice by decision, including a match for the Belgium Lightweight Championship. Van Damme had a 1977 victory over Teugels. Teugels was coming off an impressive showing at the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations World Championships four months earlier, and was favored by some to win this match. According to reports, and Patrick Teugels' own interview (with photos), Teugels lost to Van Damme by TKO in the 1st round. Teugels was kicked in the nose and was unable to continue as a result. In a 2013 interview, Van Damme called this fight his most memorable match.
Kickboxing and full-contact karate career
Van Damme began his full-contact career in 1977, when Claude Goetz promoted the first ever full-contact karate tournament in Belgium.
In 1980, Van Damme caught the attention of Professional Karate Magazine publisher and editor Mike Anderson, and multiple European champion Geert Lemmens. Both men tabbed Van Damme as an upcoming prospect. Van Damme retired from competition in 1982.
Since 2009, Van Damme has been planning to make a comeback to fight former boxing Olympic gold-medalist Somluck Kamsing. The fight was a focal point in his ITV reality show Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors. The fight has been repeatedly postponed, with many critics doubting it will occur, especially due to the difficulty of booking the venue. December 2012, Van Damme was seen as part of Kam Sing's ring crew when Kam Sing fought against Jomhod Kiatadisak.
Film and television career
In 1982, Van Damme and childhood friend Michel Qissi moved to the United States in the hope of becoming action stars. They did a variety of jobs to support themselves; their first role in a Hollywood film came when both were cast as extras in the film Breakin' (1984), which was released by Cannon Films. Van Damme also had a small part in Cannon's Missing in Action (1984).
Van Damme's first sizeable role came when he was cast as the Russian villain in the martial arts movie No Retreat, No Surrender (1986), directed by Corey Yuen and released through New World Pictures. Van Damme worked for director John McTiernan for the 1987 film Predator as an early (eventually abandoned) version of the titular alien, before being removed and replaced by Kevin Peter Hall. Van Damme also had a non-speaking part as a Secret Service agent who carries a polio-crippled President Franklin Roosevelt (Ralph Bellamy) out of a pool in the 1988 TV miniseries War and Remembrance.
Van Damme's breakout film was Bloodsport (1988), based on the alleged true story of Frank Dux. Shot on a $1.5-million budget for Cannon, it became a U.S. box-office hit in the spring of 1988. Producer Mark Di Salle said he was looking for "a new martial arts star who was a ladies' man, [but Van Damme] appeals to both men and women. He's an American hero who fights for justice the American way and kicks the stuffing out of the bad guys."
Before that film was released, Van Damme played another Russian villain, in Black Eagle (1988), opposite Sho Kosugi. After the success of Bloodsport, Cannon Films offered Van Damme the lead in Delta Force 2, American Ninja 3 or Cyborg, a cyperpunk martial arts movie directed by Albert Pyun. He chose the latter although he later admitted "I didn't like [the film] so much." The film was a box office success and led to two sequels, neither of which Van Damme appeared in.
Consolidation as star: Kickboxer, Lionheart, Double Impact
Cannon used Van Damme again in Kickboxer (1989), playing a man who fights to avenge his brother who has been paralyzed by a Thai kickboxing champion (Qissi). It was highly successful, returning over $50 million on a $3-million budget. Van Damme did not appear in any of the film's four sequels, though he did return as a different character in the reboot series.
Also successful was Death Warrant (1990), the first script credit for David S. Goyer; Van Damme played a cop who goes undercover in a prison. He followed it with Lionheart (1990) aka Wrong Bet, where he played a French Legionnaire who deserts his post to return to Los Angeles after his brother is murdered. Lionheart was directed by Sheldon Lettich who had co-written Bloodsport, and who claimed the film was "the first movie to demonstrate that Van Damme was more than just a flash-in-the-pan "Karate Guy" who would never rise above simplistic low-budget karate movies." It also featured rear nudity from Van Damme which Lettich says "became a very memorable moment for the ladies in the audience, and for the gay guys as well. Showing off his butt (clothed or unclothed) almost became a signature trademark of his after that."
Double Impact, directed by Lettich, featured Van Damme in the dual role of Alex and Chad Wagner, estranged twin brothers fighting to avenge the deaths of their parents. This film reunited him with his former Bloodsport co-star, Bolo Yeung and was very popular.
Career peak: Universal Soldier, Timecop
Van Damme then starred opposite Dolph Lundgren in the action film Universal Soldier, directed by Roland Emmerich for Carolco. While it grossed $36,299,898 in the U.S., it was an even bigger success overseas, making over $65 million, well over its modest $23 million budget.
After making a cameo in Last Action Hero, Van Damme starred in Nowhere To Run (1993) alongside Rosanna Arquette, based in part on a script by Joe Eszterhas. The film was the first in a three-picture deal between Van Damme and Columbia Pictures and his fee was $3.5 million. Columbia said the film is ”true to his audience and goes beyond his audience." However it was a box office disappointment.
More successful was Hard Target (1993) for Universal, the first American film from director John Woo. Van Damme did not appear in the sequel. Also for Universal he did Timecop (1994), playing a time-traveling cop, who tries to prevent the death of his wife. Directed by Peter Hyams, the film was a huge success, grossing over $100 million worldwide, and remains his highest-grossing film in a lead role to date.
Van Damme starred in Street Fighter (1994), written and directed by Steven E. de Souza for Universal and based on the video game. It was poorly received critically but still a commercial success; Van Damme's fee was now $8 million. Universal reteamed Van Damme and Hyams on Sudden Death (1995). It was far less successful than Timecop but still made money.
Van Damme turned director for The Quest (1996), which he directed; Roger Moore co-starred. It was mildly popular; more liked was Maximum Risk (1996) for Columbia, the first American film from Ringo Lam.
Van Damme's first box office bomb since he became star was Double Team (1997), a buddy film with Dennis Rodman directed by Tsui Hark for Columbia. He and Hark reunited on Knock Off (1998), a Hong Kong-US co production which also flopped.
Van Damme then made his first sequel, Universal Soldier: The Return, (1999) but it too was a box office flop. It would be Van Damme's last theatrically released film until 2008.
Straight to video
Van Damme's films from this point on were only released to DVD/video in the US, although they were seen theatrically in some other markets: Inferno (1999), the last film directed by John G. Avildsen; The Order (2001), a more jokey action film, directed by Lettich; Replicant (2001), directed by Ringo Lam; Derailed (2002), shot in Bulgaria; In Hell (2003), directed by Lam. In 2003, Van Damme employed his dancing training in the music video for Bob Sinclar's "Kiss My Eyes."
Lam was to have directed Wake of Death (2004) but quit during filming and was replaced by Philippe Martinez. He had a cameo in Narco (2005) then reunited with Lettich for The Hard Corps (2006). He followed it with Second in Command (2006) directed by Simon Fellow; The Exam (2007), a Turkish movie; Until Death (2007), also with Fellows; and The Shepherd: Border Patrol (2008) with his real life daughter.
Van Damme returned to the mainstream with the limited theatrical release of the 2008 film JCVD, which received positive reviews. Time Magazine named Van Damme's performance in the film the second best of the year (after Heath Ledger's The Joker in The Dark Knight), having previously stated that Van Damme "deserves not a black belt, but an Oscar." While promoting the film Van Damme indicated that he had experienced a period of homelessness "sleeping on the street and starving in L.A."
Van Damme was offered a lead role in Sylvester Stallone's 2010 film The Expendables. Stallone called Van Damme personally to offer him the role, but Van Damme turned it down. He also starred in Assassination Games (2011) and provided a voice for Kung Fu Panda 2 (2011). He starred in his own reality TV show Jean-Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors (2011).
He worked with Joe Hymans again on Dragon Eyes (2012) then appeared in commercials for Coors Light beer, showing him on a snow-covered mountain wearing a sleeveless denim jacket, and for the washing powder Dash.
On 21 October 2012, Van Damme was honored with a life-size statue of himself in his hometown of Brussels. He told reporters during the unveiling, "Belgium is paying me back something, but really it's to pay back to the dream. So when people come by here, it is not Jean-Claude Van Damme but it's a guy from the street who believed in something. I want the statue to represent that".
Van Damme returned to the Universal Soldier series with Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning, which again co-stars Dolph Lundgren. He followed it with Six Bullets (2012) and U.F.O. (2012), then starred in the thriller Enemies Closer (2013), which reunited him with Timecop and Sudden Death director Peter Hyams.
Van Damme indicated that Stallone might include him in The Expendables 3, in which Van Damme would play Claude Villain, the brother to his Expendables 2 character Jean Villain. The casting of Mel Gibson as the film's villain, however, made this less than likely. Van Damme ended up not featuring in the film.
He appeared in the 2013 comedy Welcome To The Jungle directed by Rob Meltzer, in a role as a workplace team building trainer opposite Adam Brody, Rob Huebel, Kristen Schaal, Megan Boone, and Dennis Haysbert.
He was in Swelter (2014) and Pound of Flesh (2015) and reprised his performance in Kung Fu Panda 3. Later films include Kickboxer: Vengeance (2017), Kill 'Em All (2017), Kickboxer: Retaliation (2017) and Black Water (2018).
In 2012, a statue of actor was unveiled in Anderlecht, Belgium. The artwork, which depicts a younger incarnation of ‘the muscles from Brussels’ in a fighting pose, was commissioned to commemorate the 40th anniversary of the Westland Shopping complex. The unveiling took place on Boulevard Sylvain Dupuis and was attended by Van Damme, his parents, Wallonia-Brussels culture minister Fadila Laanan and nearly 2,000 fans. Van Damme said the statue “represented the dream of a Brussels kid)” and was “for all the children who want something bad”, adding that “if you believe in something strongly enough, it can come true”.
Lawsuit and fight record controversy
In 1997, Frank Dux, the martial artist whom Van Damme portrayed in Bloodsport, filed a lawsuit against Van Damme for $50,000 for co-writing and consultation work Dux did on the 1996 film The Quest. According to the lawsuit, Dux also accused Van Damme of lying to the public about his martial arts fight record, stating that when Dux tutored Van Damme while Van Damme was laying carpet for a living, Van Damme exhibited a lack of martial arts skills. Van Damme's lawyer, Martin Singer, responded, "There are records to document his martial arts acclaim. Why, just look at his movies; he didn't get those roles on his acting ability! He's the one who does those splits on chairs. He doesn't have a stuntman to do that."
In October 2011, Van Damme, along with other celebrities including Hilary Swank, Vanessa-Mae and Seal attracted criticism from human rights groups for attending an event in Russian federal subject Chechnya's capital Grozny on the 35th birthday of Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov on 5 October. Human rights groups, who had urged the celebrities to cancel their appearances because of abuses carried out under Kadyrov, criticised the celebrities for attending the event. Human Rights Watch released a statement which said, "Ramzan Kadyrov is linked to a litany of horrific human rights abuses. It's inappropriate for stars to get paid to party with him [...] And getting paid to be part of such a lavish show in Chechnya trivializes the suffering of countless victims of human rights abuses there."
Public image and influence
In the French-speaking world, Van Damme is well known for the picturesque aphorisms that he delivers on a wide range of topics (personal well-being, the environment, etc.) in a sort of Zen franglais.
The original video game Mortal Kombat was conceived as a fighting game based on Van Damme. Creators Ed Boon and John Tobias had originally wanted to star Van Damme himself in the game. That fell through as he had a prior deal for another game under the auspices of the Sega Genesis platform. Ed Boon and John Tobias eventually decided to create a different character for the game named Johnny Cage, who is modelled after Jean-Claude Van Damme, primarily from Van Damme's appearance and outfit in the martial arts film Bloodsport. In the German version of Donkey Kong 64 website, DK greatest hero is Jean-Claude Van Kong.
On 13 November 2013, Volvo Trucks released an advertisement on YouTube that shows Van Damme doing the splits while perched with each of his feet on the outer rearview mirrors of one semi-trailer truck and one box truck moving backwards, which Van Damme describes in the commercial as "the most epic of splits". The video quickly went viral around the web, receiving more than 11 million views in three days, 35 million in the first week.
In January 2017 Van Damme featured in an Ultra Tune television advert which was part of a controversial series of ads. Two women were confronted in a car park by a gang of youths in a threatening manner, Van Damme appears to defend them and then the mood lightens and they take pictures with the star.
By the mid-1990s, the stress of the constant filming and promotion of his films, as Van Damme explains, led him to develop a cocaine habit, on which he spent up to $10,000 a week, and consuming up to 10 grams per day by 1996. He was arrested for driving under the influence in 1999. Attempts at drug rehabilitation were unsuccessful, and he resorted to resolve his addiction via quitting cold turkey and exercise. In 1998, he was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In 2011, he discussed the condition on the British reality show Jean-Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors, saying, "Sometimes you're gonna like me, and sometimes you're gonna hate me. But what can I do? I'm not perfect ... I'm an extreme bipolar, and I'm taking medication for this ... When I was young, I was suffering those swing moods. In the morning, the sky was blue [when I was] going to school, and to me, the sky was black. I was so sad."
Van Damme has been married five times to four different women. He was married to his third wife, bodybuilder Gladys Portugues - with whom he has two children: Kristopher (born 1987) and Bianca (born 1990) - until 1992, when he began an affair with actress Darcy LaPier, whom he married in February 1994. That same year he had an affair with his Street Fighter co-star Kylie Minogue during filming of that movie in Thailand. LaPier, who was pregnant at the time with their son, did not become aware of this until Van Damme publicly admitted it in 2012. After leaving LaPier, Van Damme remarried bodybuilder Portugues in 1999.
|1979||Woman Between Wolf and Dog||Yes||Movie Goer/Man in Garden||Uncredited|
|1984||Monaco Forever||Yes||Gay Karate Man||Minor role|
|1984||Breakin'||Yes||Spectator in First Dance Sequence||Uncredited Extra|
|1986||No Retreat, No Surrender||Yes||Ivan Krushensky|
|1988||Bloodsport||Yes||Frank Dux||also editor (uncredited)|
|1989||Cyborg||Yes||Gibson Rickenbacker||also editor (uncredited)|
|1989||Kickboxer||Yes||Yes||Kurt Sloane||Also fight scene choreographer and fight scene director|
|1990||Death Warrant||Yes||Louis Burke|
|1990||Lionheart||Yes||Yes||Lyon Gaultier||also fight choreographer|
|1991||Double Impact||Yes||Yes||Yes||Alex Wagner/Chad Wagner||Dual role, also fight choreographer|
|1992||Universal Soldier||Yes||Luc Deveraux|
|1993||Last Action Hero||Yes||Himself||Cameo|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||Yes||Sam Gillen|
|1993||Hard Target||Yes||Chance Boudreaux|
|1994||Street Fighter||Yes||Colonel William F. Guile|
|1995||Sudden Death||Yes||Darren McCord|
|1996||The Quest||Yes||Yes||Yes||Christopher Dubois|
|1996||Maximum Risk||Yes||Alain/Mikhail Moreau||Dual role|
|1997||Double Team||Yes||Jack Quinn|
|1998||Knock Off||Yes||Marcus Ray|
|1999||Universal Soldier: The Return||Yes||Yes||Luc Deveraux|
|1999||Inferno||Yes||Yes||Eddie Lomax||Limited release|
|2001||Order, TheThe Order||Yes||Yes||Rudy Cafmeyer/Charles Le Vaillant||Dual role
|2001||Replicant||Yes||Edward "The Torch" Garrotte/Replicant||Dual role
|2003||In Hell||Yes||Kyle LeBlanc||Direct-to-video|
|2004||Wake of Death||Yes||Ben Archer||Direct-to-video|
|2004||Narco||Yes||Jean's ghost by Lenny||Minor role|
|2006||The Hard Corps||Yes||Phillip Sauvage||Direct-to-video|
|2006||Second in Command||Yes||Sam Keenan||Direct-to-video|
|2006||Exam, TheThe Exam||Yes||Charles||Minor role|
|2007||Until Death||Yes||Anthony Stowe||Direct-to-video|
|2008||The Shepherd: Border Patrol||Yes||Jack Robideaux||Direct-to-video|
|2008||JCVD||Yes||Yes||Himself (fictionalized autobiography)||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2009||Universal Soldier: Regeneration||Yes||Luc Deveraux||Limited release|
|2011||Kung Fu Panda 2||Yes||Master Croc||Voice only|
|2011||Assassination Games||Yes||Vincent Brazil||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2011||Beur sur la ville||Yes||Colonel Merot||Cameo|
|2012||Rzhevsky versus Napoleon||Yes||Himself||Cameo|
|2012||Dragon Eyes||Yes||Jean-Luis Tiano||Limited release|
|2012||The Expendables 2||Yes||Jean Vilain||Van Damme's first widely released film since 1999|
|2012||Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning||Yes||Luc Deveraux||Limited release|
|2012||Six Bullets||Yes||Samson Gaul||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2014||Welcome to the Jungle||Yes||Storm Rotchild||Limited release|
|2013||Enemies Closer||Yes||Xander||Limited release|
|2014||Full Love||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Frenchy||Also editor|
|2015||Pound of Flesh||Yes||Deacon||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2015||Jian Bing Man||Yes||Cameo|
|2016||Kung Fu Panda 3||Yes||Master Croc||voice|
|2016||Kickboxer: Vengeance||Yes||Master Durand|
|2017||Kill 'Em All||Yes|
|2018||Black Water||Yes||Wheeler||Co-starring with Dolph Lundgren.|
|1996||Friends||Himself||"The One After the Superbowl" (Season 2, Episode 12–13)|
|2004||Las Vegas||Himself||"Die Fast, Die Furious" (Season 1, Episode 15)|
"Maurice Was Caught" (Season 4, Episode 12)
|2011||Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors||Himself||1 season (8 episodes)|
|2011||Les Anges Gardiens||Himself||1 season (20 episodes)|
|2016 - 2017||Jean-Claude Van Johnson||Johnson / Jean-Claude Van Damme||1 season (6 episode)|
|1992||"Body Count's in the House"||Body Count|
|1994||"Time Won't Let Me"||The Smithereens|
|1994||"Straight to My Feet"||MC Hammer featuring Deion Sanders|
|1995||"Something There"||Chage and Aska|
|2003||"Kiss My Eyes"||Bob Sinclar|
|2008||"Ya Lyublyu Ego"||Iryna Bilyk and Olga Gorbacheva|
|2015||"The Hum"||Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs. Ummet Ozcan|
|1995||Street Fighter: The Movie||Colonel Guile|
Awards and nominations
|1988||Bloodsport||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst New Star||Nominated|
|1992||Double Impact||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1994||Hard Target||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1998||Double Team||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst Screen Couple (with Dennis Rodman)||Won|
|2001||Replicant||Video Premiere Award||Best Actor||Nominated|
|2004||Bollywood Movie Award||Bollywood Movie Award||International Action Super Star||Won|
|2008||JCVD||Silver Leopard||Best Actor||Nominated|
|2009||JCVD||TFCA Award||Best Performance, Male||Nominated|
|2014||Macau International Film Festival||Golden Lotus Award||Outstanding Achievement of Action Movies Show||Won|
This section of a biography of a living person needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
|Win||44-4-0||Jonny Wellum||Decision||7 May 1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Van Damme avenges early career defeat)|
|Win||43-4-0||Jordy Claes||Decision||1980||3||Gala International W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||42-4-0||Patrick Teugels||l'abandon (TKO)||8 March 1980||1||Forest Nationals||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact:Teugels suffers a broken nose and is unable to continue.)|
|Win||41-4-0||Andres Kovac||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||40-4-0||Bekim-Moussa Muhammad||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||39-4-0||Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||38-4-0||Reinhard Krass||Disq.||26 December 1979||2||Karate Tournament: Belgium Team vs. German Team||Woluwe, Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||37-4-0||Gilberto Dias||l'abandon||November 1979||1||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Dias suffers ankle injury and is unable to continue.)|
|Win||36-4-0||Hans Kohler||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||35-4-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1979||3||W.A.K.O.||Tampa, Florida, U.S.A.||Light-Contact (Both men fight in karate gi uniforms, no pads or gloves)|
|Win||35-3-0||Matthias Evrard||Decision||1979||3||Cup of Antwerp World-All Styles Karate Organization||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||34-3-0||Paul Sperati||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Opprebais, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||33-3-0||Lucus Reinfeld||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization, Europe Interland Cup||Mulhouse, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||32-3-0||Robbe Bogaerts||Decision||1978||3||Hope Cup World-All Styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||31-3-0||Leonard Baptiste||Decision||1978||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||30-3-0||Fernando Cabanela||Decision||1978||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||29-3-0||Angelo Spataro||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||29-2-0||Gabriel Van Der Driessche||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||28-2-0||Farid Muhammad Mousseau||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||27-2-0||Jacques van Laere||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||26-2-0||Christian Hedin||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||25-2-0||Gerard Charon||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||24-2-0||David Arranz||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||23-2-0||Bernard Redden||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||22-2-0||Antoine Redi||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||21-2-0||Ben Salah Ellah||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||20-2-0||Gaston Airey||Foul||1978||1||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||19-2-0||Abdembi Hassan Ali||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||18-2-0||Jonas "Marcel" Cohen||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||17-2-0||Christian Van Tieghem||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||16-2-0||Max Roelandt||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||15-2-0||Andre Verbon||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||14-2-0||Michel Juvillier||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||13-2-0||Joel Maoreau||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||12-2-0||Ronald Duivenbode||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||11-2-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1978||3||Belgium Lightweight Championship||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||11-1-0||Gris Lubbers||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||10-1-0||Andre Lemaire||Decision||1977||3||World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||9-1-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1977||3||Antwerp Open International Competition W.A.K.O.||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||8-1-0||Maurice Devos||Decision||1977||3||World Allstyles Kickboxing Organization||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||7-1-0||, Jacques Berri||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||6-1-0||Johannes Binding||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||5-1-0||Jean-Morin Devigne||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||4-1-0||Roland Vedani||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||3-1-0||Jean-Paul Gaston||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||2-1-0||Jonny Wellum||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with Defaite (loss)|
|Win||2-0-0||Bernard Briers||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with victoire (win)|
|Win||1-0-0||Robin Lomard||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with victoire (win))-Magazine "boxe francise" (Karate)|
|Win||18-1-0||Nedjad Gharbi||KKO||1982||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||17-1-0||Daniel Le Jaouen||KKO||1982||1||1:05||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||16-1-0||Lenny Leikman||KKO||1982||3||1st Journée Des Arts Martiaux||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||15-1-0||Ajom Mahmud Uddin||KO||1981||1||0:19||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||14-1-0||Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou||KKO||1981||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||13-1-0||Henk Besselman||KO||1981||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||12-1-0||Michael J. Heming||KKO||1980||1||0:46||European Karate Federation Middleweight Championship||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||11-1-0||Georges Verlugels||KO||1980||2||P.K.A. Middleweight Championship||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||10-1-0||Sherman Bergman||KKO||1979 Nov 4||1||0:56||Tampa, Florida, USA||Full-Contact|
|Win||9-1-0||Rolf Risberg||KKO||1979||1||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||8-1-0||Emile Leibman||KKO||1979||1||Iseghem, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||7-1-0||Cyrille Nollet||KKO||1978||1||Iseghem, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||6-1-0||Orlando Lang||KO||1978||1||0:26||Antwerp, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||5-1-0||Jacques Piniarski||KKO||1978||1||Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||4-1-0||Eric "Basel" Strauss||KKO||1978||1||0:18||Antwerp, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||3-1-0||Andre "Robar" Robaeys||KKO||1978||1||Mulhouse, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||2-1-0||Michel Juvillier||KO||1978||1||0:39||Antwerp, Belgium||Full-Contact|
|Loss||1-1-0||Etienne "Tuf" Aubry||Disq||7 March 1977||1||1:02||Marseilles, France||Full-Contact (Magazine "boxe francise" (Karate))|
|Win||1-0-0||Toon Van Oostrum||KKO||1977||1||0:46||Brussels, Belgium||Full-Contact|
- Hendrix, Grady (19 October 2007). "Happy Belated Birthday, Jean-Claude Van Damme!". Slate.
- Current Biography Yearbook. H. W. Wilson Company. 1999. p. 577.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Biography (1960–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Jean-Claude van Damme- Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme unveils his statue in Belgium". The Reel Place.
Standing next to his Flemish mother and his Walloon father, the actor talked about the linguistic conflict: “It’s a dispute between two cultures that are, in fact, the same. But, there’s a lot of love in this war” he concluded, true to himself.; "Jean-Claude Van Damme - Bifff 2007". VanDammeTV.
Mijn moeder is Vlaamse en mijn vader is van Brussels [My mother is Flemish and my father is from Brussels]
- Getting a kick out of stardom By PEARL SHEFFY GEFEN, The Jerusalem Post: November 29, 1996
- "Why is he famous?". AskMen.com. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- Stanley, John (2 April 1989). "Belgian Bruiser Muscles Into B-Movie Scene". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Karate black belt Archived 5 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Grobel, Lawrence (1 January 1995). "Playboy interview". Playboy.
- Kim, Jae-Ha (14 April 1989). "Van Damme gets his kicks from acting now, not karate". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "FanDamme Jean Claude van Damme". Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude Van Damme (The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002), p. 11.
- "Standardized Tournaments And Ratings System Historic Kickboxing Ring Records" Archived 1 August 2012 at the Wayback Machine.. The Star System. 8 March 1980. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "CNK – Centre National de Karaté". Jcvandamme.net. Archived from the original on 23 April 2009. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "King Of Kung Fu Presents: The Jean Claude Van Damme Interview". Asian Movie Pulse. 13 June 2013.
- Warrener, Don (15 August 2011). "Jean Claude van Damme: Behind The Public Image". FightingArts.com. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Somluck Kamsing to fight Van Damme". CNN. 11 January 2010.
- Natalia Baage (8 September 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme to fight Somluck Kamsing in K-1". Five Knuckles. Archived from the original on 3 February 2010.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks about Kamsing Fight in May or June 2012". YouTube. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012
- "Жан-Клод Ван Дамм решил провести бой в Грозном". KM.RU Новости. 11 November 2011
- "MUAY THAI News – Jean-Claude Van Damme vs Somrak Kamsing? Are you serious bro?" AllTheBestFights.com. 18 October 2012
- "Somrack Kamsing and Jean-Claude Van Damme - Friendship and hon". YouTube. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Opening Ceremony In Cannes, France On May 13, 1993". Getty Images. Getty Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Haufrect, Ian T (2001). "If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It". 20th Century Fox.
- Thompson, Anne (August 27, 1989). "Punch Lineage". The Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Sherrill, Martha (August 11, 1991). "The muscles from brussels". Washington Post.
- Bates, James (23 September 1994). "Van Damme Gains 'Franchise' Status". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- Evan Sathoff, "Badass Interview: Talking Jean-Claude Van Damme With LIONHEART Director, Sheldon Lettich", 5 Feb 2015 accessed 20 June 2015
- Cagle, Jess (22 January 1993). "Career makeover: Jean-Claude Van Damme". EW.
- Liebenson, Donald (1999-02-11). "A DIRECT HIT? NEW VAN DAMME FILM BYPASSES THEATERS, TAKES BATTLE STRAIGHT TO VIDEO". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-12-22.
- Corliss, Richard (3 November 2008). "The Top 10 Everything of 2008: Top 10 Movie Performances". Time. Time Warner. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Corliss, Richard; Grossman, Lev; Ponewozik, James; Zoglin, Richard (13 November 2008). "Short List". Time. Time Warner. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Rollings, Grant (6 February 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme interview". The Sun. London, England. Van Damme: "My eldest son doesn't know how to deal with society because I over-protect him because of my last life of being on the street and sleeping on the street and starving in L.A. I didn't want him to have that."
- Nudd, Tim (17 June 2011). "Ad of the Day: Coors Light Jean Claude Van Damme compares the beer to his frozen crotch". Adweek.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme statue unveiled". India Glitz. 26 October 2012
- Whale, Chase (8 August 2012). "JCVD: 'Double Impact 2' Script Is Written" Archived 17 August 2012 at WebCite. NextMovie.
- "Exclusive Poster: Enemies Closer". CraveOnline. 20 November 2013.
- Thistlethwaite, Felicity (13 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: I like to be next to Stallone". MSN Movies.
- "JC 1er : une série comique avec Jean Claude Van Damme, pour Canal" (in French). Premiere. April 1, 2015.
- "Sales Poster For Van Damme Starring Comedy WELCOME TO THE JUNGLE". TwitchFilm. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- "Van Damme statue unveiled". The Bulletin.
- Dickensheets, Scott (25 September 1997). "People in the News". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Hilary Swank, Van Damme criticised over Kadyrov party, Press Trust of India, dated 12 October 2011.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Masters, Kim (12 October 2011). "Seal's Chechen Leader Birthday Bash Performance Questioned By Human Rights Group". hollywoodreporter.com.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London.
- "Abstract Thinker". Blog.eurnet.fr. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition. London: Guinness World Records. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904994-21-3.
- "Mortal Kombat Episode #313". gamemakers. G4TV. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "A New Battle For Mankind Begins in 'Mortal Kombat' Tourney, Redo in the Works". Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Watch Jean-Claude Van Damme do the splits between two Volvo trucks". The Descrier. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
- Arpe, Malene (2013-11-20). "Channing Tatum recreates Jean-Claude Van Damme's epic split". The Star. Retrieved 2013-11-27. The Descrier. 16 November 2013
- Pearson, Nick (30 June 2017). "Australia's most complained about ads of 2017". 9 News. Nine Digital Pty Ltd.
- Kelly, Vivienne (16 January 2017). "Women can jump up and down all they want' says Ultra Tune boss as brand launches new ads". Mumbrella.
- Herald Sun. Melbourne Australia. 8 April 1997. p. 24. Missing or empty
- Godfrey, Alex (10 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: 'I tried to play the system; I was blacklisted'". The Guardian.
- Truitt, Brian (19 August 2012). "For Jean-Claude Van Damme, comeback is sweet". USA Today.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Biography.com. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Bloch, Jon P.; Naser, Jeffrey A. (2006). The everything health guide to adult bipolar disorder. Everything Books. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-59337-585-0. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Stars Who've Battled Mental Health Issues". US Weekly. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Friedman, Roger (14 May 2010). "Cannes film festival 2010: Jean-Claude Van Damme plans to appear in reality TV show for A&E". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Sieczkowski, Cavan (14 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme Admits To Affair With Kylie Minogue". Huffington Post.
- Chen, Joyce (13 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme admits to affair with Kylie Minogue while shooting 'Street Fighter' almost 20 years ago". Daily News (New York).
- McKay, Hollie (2012-08-15). "Exclusive: Darcy LaPier shocked by ex-husband Jean-Claude Van Damme's affair with Kylie Minogue." FoxNews.com. Fox News Network LLC. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
- "The Religion and political views of Jean-Claude Van Damme". Hollowverse.
- Jean-Claude Vandammelibrary (19 November 2015). "VAN DAMME (JCVD) - First ever screen appearance in 1979" – via YouTube.
- Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike (5 May 2015). "Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs Ummet Ozcan - The Hum ( Official Music Video )" – via YouTube.
- Wilson, John (23 August 2000). "1988 Archive". Razzies.com.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude Van Damme. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002.
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 60, 265. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Wako)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 285–286. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (PKA World Heavyweight Title)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 210, 393. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Eku)
- Soet, John Steven (March 1990). "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Inside Kung-Fu Presents: Martial Artists One on One. pp. 16–25.
- Vandehey, Tim (April 1991). "Gunning for Van Damme". Karate Kung-Fu Illustrated.
- Xuat Tinh Som (31 December 2007). "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Tre Today News.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean-Claude Van Damme.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jean-Claude Van Damme|