Jean-Claude Van Damme
|Jean-Claude Van Damme|
Van Damme in Paris at the French premiere of The Expendables 2 in 2012
|Born||Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg
18 October 1960
Sint-Agatha-Berchem, Brussels, Belgium
|Other names||"The Muscles from Brussels"|
|Height||1.76 m (5 ft 9 in)|
|Style||Karate, Kickboxing, Muay Thai, Taekwondo|
|Fighting out of||Brussels, Belgium|
|Rank||Shotokan2nd Dan Black Belt in|
|Years active||1976–1982 (martial arts)
|Occupation||Actor, martial artist, screenwriter, film producer, director|
|Spouse||Maria Rodriguez (m. 1980–84)
Cynthia Derderian (m. 1985–86)
Gladys Portugues (m. 1987–92);
|Children||Kristopher Van Varenberg
Bianca Brigitte Van Damme
Nicholas Van Varenberg
Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg (born 18 October 1960), professionally known as Jean-Claude Van Damme and abbreviated as JCVD, is a Belgian actor, martial artist, screenwriter, film producer, and director best known for his martial arts action films. The most successful of these films include Bloodsport (1988), Kickboxer (1989), Lionheart (1990), Double Impact (1991), Universal Soldier (1992), Hard Target (1993), Street Fighter (1994), Timecop (1994), Sudden Death (1995), JCVD (2008) and The Expendables 2 (2012).
- 1 Early life
- 2 Martial arts career
- 3 Film and television career
- 4 Controversies
- 5 Public image and influence
- 6 Personal life
- 7 Filmography
- 8 Awards and nominations
- 9 Semi-contact/light-contact record
- 10 Kickboxing record
- 11 Notes
- 12 Books cited
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Van Damme was born Jean-Claude Camille François Van Varenberg, on 18 October 1960, in Berchem-Sainte-Agathe, Brussels, Belgium, the son of Eliana and Eugène Van Varenberg, who was an accountant and florist. His father is Walloon (French-speaking) from Brussels, and his mother is Flemish (Dutch-speaking).
He began martial arts at the age of ten, enrolled by his father in a Shotokan karate school. His styles consist of Shotokan Karate and Kickboxing. He eventually earned his black belt in karate at 18. He started lifting weights to improve his physique, which eventually led to a Mr. Belgium bodybuilding title. At the age of 16, he took up ballet, which he studied for five years. According to Van Damme, ballet "is an art, but it's also one of the most difficult sports. If you can survive a ballet workout, you can survive a workout in any other sport." Later he took up both Taekwondo and Muay Thai.
Martial arts career
At the age of 12, Van Damme joined the Centre National De Karaté (National Center of Karate) under the guidance of Claude Goetz in Belgium. Van Damme trained for four years and he earned a spot on the Belgian Karate Team; later training in full-contact karate and kickboxing with Dominique Valera.
Semi-contact karate career
At the age of 15, Van Damme started his competitive karate career in Belgium. From 1976 to 1980, Van Damme compiled a record of 44 victories and 4 defeats in tournament and non-tournament semi-contact matches.
Van Damme placed second at the Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials). At the 3-day tournament, Van Damme defeated 25 opponents before losing in the finals to fellow team-mate Angelo Spataro.
1980 Forest National match
On 8 March 1980, in Brussels, Belgium, Van Damme competed against his former team-mate Patrick Teugels at the Forest National Arena on the undercard of the Dan Macaruso-Dominique Valera Professional Karate Association Light-Heavyweight World Championship bout. Prior to this match, Teugels had defeated Van Damme twice by decision, including a match for the Belgium Lightweight Championship. Van Damme had a 1977 victory over Teugels. Teugels was coming off an impressive showing at the World Association of Kickboxing Organizations World Championships four months earlier, and was favored by some to win this match. According to reports, and Patrick Teugels' own interview (with photos), Teugels lost to Van Damme by TKO in the 1st round. Teugels was kicked in the nose and was unable to continue as a result. In a 2013 interview, Van Damme called this fight his most memorable match.
Kickboxing and full-contact karate career
Van Damme began his full-contact career in 1977, when Claude Goetz promoted the first ever full-contact karate tournament in Belgium.
From 1977 to 1982, Van Damme compiled a record of 18 victories (18 knockouts) and 1 defeat. He was even named "Mr. Belgium" in a bodybuilding competition.
In 1980, Van Damme caught the attention of Professional Karate Magazine publisher and editor Mike Anderson, and multiple European champion Geert Lemmens. Both men tabbed Van Damme as an upcoming prospect. Van Damme retired from competition in 1982.
Since 2009, Van Damme has been planning to make a comeback to fight former boxing Olympic gold-medalist Somluck Kamsing. The fight was a focal point in his ITV reality show Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors. The fight has been repeatedly postponed, with many critics doubting it will occur, especially due to the difficulty of booking the venue. December 2012, Van Damme was seen as part of Kam Sing's ring crew, when Kam Sing fought against Jomhod Kiatadisak.
Film and television career
In 1982, Van Damme and childhood friend Michel Qissi moved to the United States in the hope of becoming action stars. They were both cast as extras in the film, Breakin'. Van Damme also had a non-speaking part as a Secret Service agent who carries a polio-crippled President Franklin Roosevelt (Ralph Bellamy) out of a pool in the 1988 TV miniseries War and Remembrance. After a small part in Missing In Action, Van Damme was next cast in the film No Retreat, No Surrender, as the role of the villain, Ivan the Russian. Van Damme worked for director John McTiernan for the 1987 film Predator as an early (eventually abandoned) version of the titular alien, before being removed and replaced by Kevin Peter Hall.
Breakthrough and career in the 1990s
His breakout film was Bloodsport, based on the alleged true story of Frank Dux. Shot on a 1.5 million dollar budget, it became a U.S. box-office hit in the spring of 1988. He then starred in the smaller budgeted film Cyborg. His last role for 1989 was Kurt Sloane in the successful Kickboxer. In this film, his character fights to avenge his brother who has been paralyzed by a Thai kickboxing champion (Qissi). The following year he starred in the film Lionheart. The film is about a French Legionnaire who deserts his post to return to Los Angeles after his brother is murdered, and enters the underground fighting circuit to raise money for his brother's family.
Double Impact featured Van Damme in the dual role of Alex and Chad Wagner, estranged twin brothers fighting to avenge the deaths of their parents. This film reunited him with his former Bloodsport co-star, Bolo Yeung. He then starred opposite Dolph Lundgren in the action film Universal Soldier. While it grossed $36,299,898 in the U.S., it was an even bigger success overseas, making over $65 million, well over its modest $23 million budget, making it Van Damme's highest-grossing film at the time. Van Damme followed Nowhere To Run and Hard Target with Timecop in 1994. In the film, Van Damme played a time-traveling cop, who tries to prevent the death of his wife. The film was a huge success, grossing over $100 million worldwide, and remains his highest-grossing film in a lead role to date. He starred in the poorly received Street Fighter that same year.
His further projects started to fail at the box office. Sudden Death (1995); The Quest (1996), which he directed; Maximum Risk (1996), Double Team (1997) and Knock Off (1998) were box-office flops. The 1999 film Universal Soldier: The Return, also a box-office flop, was Van Damme's last theatrically released film until 2008. In 2003, Van Damme employed his dancing training in the music video for Bob Sinclar's "Kiss My Eyes."
The 2000s and return to theatrical films
Van Damme returned to the mainstream with the limited theatrical release of the 2008 film JCVD, which received positive reviews. Time Magazine named Van Damme's performance in the film the second best of the year (after Heath Ledger's The Joker in The Dark Knight), having previously stated that Van Damme "deserves not a black belt, but an Oscar." Van Damme indicated while promoting the film, he experienced a period of homelessness "sleeping on the street and starving in L.A."
He was offered a lead role in Sylvester Stallone's 2010 film The Expendables. Stallone called Van Damme personally to offer him the role, but Van Damme turned it down. He scheduled a series of film projects for 2011, including another Universal Soldier movie. On 30 June 2011, Van Damme confirmed his participation in The Expendables 2, which was released on 17 August 2012. He voiced Master Croc in the 2011 animated film Kung Fu Panda 2 and reprised the role in Kung Fu Panda 3 in 2016. That same year Van Damme appeared in commercials for Coors Light beer, showing him on a snow-covered mountain wearing a sleeveless denim jacket, and for the washing powder Dash. On 21 October 2012, Van Damme was honored with a life-size statue of himself in his hometown of Brussels. He told reporters during the unveiling, "Belgium is paying me back something, but really it's to pay back to the dream. So when people come by here, it is not Jean-Claude Van Damme but it's a guy from the street who believed in something. I want the statue to represent that".
Van Damme returned to the Universal Soldier series with Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning, which again co-stars Dolph Lundgren. He starred in the thriller Enemies Closer, which reunited him with Timecop and Sudden Death director Peter Hyams. Van Damme indicated that Stallone might include him in The Expendables 3, in which Van Damme would play Claude Villain, the brother to his Expendables 2 character Jean Villain. The casting of Mel Gibson as the film's villain, however, made this less than likely. Van Damme ended up not featuring in the film. In 2015 he features in a new situation comedy television series JC 1er which is set to broadcast on French television channel Canal+.
He appeared in the 2013 comedy Welcome To The Jungle directed by Rob Meltzer, in a role as a workplace team building trainer opposite Adam Brody, Rob Huebel, Kristen Schaal, Megan Boone, and Dennis Haysbert.
Lawsuit and fight record controversy
In 1997, Frank Dux, the martial artist whom Van Damme portrayed in Bloodsport, filed a lawsuit against Van Damme for $50,000 for co-writing and consultation work Dux did on the 1996 film The Quest. According to the lawsuit, Dux also accused Van Damme of lying to the public about his martial arts fight record, stating that when Dux tutored Van Damme while Van Damme was laying carpet for a living, Van Damme exhibited a lack of martial arts skills. Van Damme's lawyer, Martin Singer, responded, "There are records to document his martial arts acclaim. Why, just look at his movies; he didn't get those roles on his acting ability! He's the one who does those splits on chairs. He doesn't have a stuntman to do that."
In October 2011, Van Damme, along with other celebrities including Hilary Swank, Vanessa-Mae and Seal attracted criticism from human rights groups for attending an event in Russian federal subject Chechnya's capital Grozny on the 35th birthday of Chechen president Ramzan Kadyrov on 5 October. Human rights groups, who had urged the celebrities to cancel their appearances because of abuses carried out under Kadyrov, criticised the celebrities for attending the event. Human Rights Watch released a statement which said, "Ramzan Kadyrov is linked to a litany of horrific human rights abuses. It's inappropriate for stars to get paid to party with him [...] And getting paid to be part of such a lavish show in Chechnya trivializes the suffering of countless victims of human rights abuses there."
Public image and influence
In the French-speaking world, Van Damme is well known for the picturesque aphorisms that he delivers on a wide range of topics (personal well-being, the environment, etc.) in a sort of Zen franglais.
The original video game Mortal Kombat was conceived as a fighting game based on Van Damme. Creators Ed Boon and John Tobias had originally wanted to star Van Damme himself in the game. That fell through as he had a prior deal for another game under the auspices of the Sega Genesis platform. Ed Boon and John Tobias eventually decided to create a different character for the game named Johnny Cage, who is modelled after Jean-Claude Van Damme, primarily from Van Damme's appearance and outfit in the martial arts film Bloodsport. In the German version of Donkey Kong 64 website, DK greatest hero is Jean-Claude Van Kong.
On 13 November 2013, Volvo Trucks released an advertisement on YouTube that shows Van Damme doing the splits while perched with each of his feet on the outer rearview mirrors of one semi-trailer truck and one box truck moving backwards, which Van Damme describes in the commercial as "the most epic of splits". The video quickly went viral around the web, receiving more than 11 million views in three days, 35 million in the first week.
By the mid-1990s, the stress of the constant filming and promotion of his films, as Van Damme explains, led him to develop a cocaine habit, on which he spent up to $10,000 a week, and consuming up to 10 grams per day by 1996. He was arrested for driving under the influence in 1999. Attempts at drug rehabilitation were unsuccessful, and he resorted to resolve his addiction via quitting cold turkey and exercise. In 1998, he was diagnosed with bipolar disorder. In 2011, he discussed the condition on the British reality show Jean-Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors, saying, "Sometimes you're gonna like me, and sometimes you're gonna hate me. But what can I do? I'm not perfect ... I'm an extreme bipolar, and I'm taking medication for this ... When I was young, I was suffering those swing moods. In the morning, the sky was blue [when I was] going to school, and to me, the sky was black. I was so sad."
Van Damme has been married five times to four different women. He was married to his third wife, bodybuilder Gladys Portugues - with whom he has two children: Kristopher (born 1987) and Bianca (born 1990) - until 1992, when he began an affair with actress Darcy LaPier, whom he married in February 1994. That same year he had an affair with his Street Fighter co-star Kylie Minogue during filming of that movie in Thailand. LaPier, who was pregnant at the time with their son, did not become aware of this until Van Damme publicly admitted it in 2012. After leaving LaPier, Van Damme remarried bodybuilder Portugues in 1999, and they later again separated. In early 2015, Portugues has filed for a second divorce from Van Damme – citing irreconcilable differences. However, in May 2015 they appeared to have reconciled and called off the divorce.
|1979||Woman Between Wolf and Dog||Yes||Uncredited|
|1984||Monaco Forever||Yes||Gay Karate Man||Minor role|
|1986||No Retreat, No Surrender||Yes||Ivan Krushensky|
|1988||Bloodsport||Yes||Frank Dux||also editor (uncredited)|
|1989||Cyborg||Yes||Gibson Rickenbacker||also editor (uncredited)|
|1989||Kickboxer||Yes||Yes||Kurt Sloane||Also fight scene choreographer and fight scene director|
|1990||Death Warrant||Yes||Louis Burke|
|1990||Lionheart||Yes||Yes||Lyon Gaultier||also fight choreographer|
|1991||Double Impact||Yes||Yes||Yes||Alex Wagner/Chad Wagner||Dual role, also fight choreographer|
|1992||Universal Soldier||Yes||Luc Deveraux|
|1993||Last Action Hero||Yes||Himself||Cameo|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||Yes||Sam Gillen|
|1993||Hard Target||Yes||Chance Boudreaux|
|1994||Street Fighter||Yes||Colonel William F. Guile|
|1995||Sudden Death||Yes||Darren McCord|
|1996||The Quest||Yes||Yes||Yes||Christopher Dubois|
|1996||Maximum Risk||Yes||Alain/Mikhail Moreau||Dual role|
|1997||Double Team||Yes||Jack Quinn|
|1998||Knock Off||Yes||Marcus Ray|
|1999||Universal Soldier: The Return||Yes||Yes||Luc Deveraux|
|1999||Inferno||Yes||Yes||Eddie Lomax||Limited release|
|2001||Order, TheThe Order||Yes||Yes||Rudy Cafmeyer/Charles Le Vaillant||Dual role
|2001||Replicant||Yes||Edward "The Torch" Garrotte/Replicant||Dual role
|2003||In Hell||Yes||Kyle LeBlanc||Direct-to-video|
|2004||Wake of Death||Yes||Ben Archer||Direct-to-video|
|2004||Narco||Yes||Jean's ghost by Lenny||Minor role|
|2006||The Hard Corps||Yes||Phillip Sauvage||Direct-to-video|
|2006||Second in Command||Yes||Sam Keenan||Direct-to-video|
|2006||Exam, TheThe Exam||Yes||Charles||Minor role|
|2007||Until Death||Yes||Anthony Stowe||Direct-to-video|
|2008||The Shepherd: Border Patrol||Yes||Jack Robideaux||Direct-to-video|
|2008||JCVD||Yes||Yes||Himself (fictionalized version)||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2010||Universal Soldier: Regeneration||Yes||Luc Deveraux||Limited release|
|2011||Kung Fu Panda 2||Yes||Master Croc||Voice only|
|2011||Assassination Games||Yes||Vincent Brazil||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2011||Beur sur la ville||Yes||Colonel Merot||Cameo|
|2012||Rzhevskiy vs. Napoleon||Yes||Himself||Cameo|
|2012||Dragon Eyes||Yes||Jean-Luis Tiano||Limited release|
|2012||The Expendables 2||Yes||Jean Vilain||Van Damme's first widely released film since 1999|
|2012||Universal Soldier: Day of Reckoning||Yes||Luc Deveraux||Limited release|
|2012||Six Bullets||Yes||Samson Gaul||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2013||Enemies Closer||Yes||Xander||Limited release|
|2014||Welcome to the Jungle||Yes||Storm Rotchild||Limited release|
|2014||Full Love||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Frenchy||Also editor|
|2015||Pound of Flesh||Yes||Deacon||Limited release
Also the executive producer
|2015||Jian Bing Man||Yes||Cameo|
|2016||Kung Fu Panda 3||Yes||Master Croc||voice|
|2016||Kickboxer: Vengeance||Yes||Master Durand|
|1996||Friends||Himself||"The One After the Superbowl" (Season 2, Episode 12–13)|
|2004||Las Vegas||Himself||"Die Fast, Die Furious" (Season 1, Episode 15)|
"Maurice Was Caught" (Season 4, Episode 12)
|2011||Jean Claude Van Damme: Behind Closed Doors||Himself||1 season (8 episodes)|
|2011||Les Anges Gardiens||Himself||1 season (20 episodes)|
|2016||Jean-Claude Van Johnson||Johnson / Jean-Claude Van Damme||Pilot|
|1992||"Body Count's in the House"||Body Count|
|1994||"Time Won't Let Me"||The Smithereens|
|1994||"Straight to My Feet"||MC Hammer featuring Deion Sanders|
|1995||"Something There"||Chage and Aska|
|2003||"Kiss My Eyes"||Bob Sinclar|
|2008||"Ya Lyublyu Ego"||Iryna Bilyk and Olga Gorbacheva|
|2015||"The Hum"||Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs. Ummet Ozcan|
|1995||Street Fighter: The Movie||Colonel Guile|
Awards and nominations
|1988||Bloodsport||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst New Star||Nominated|
|1992||Double Impact||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1993||Nowhere to Run||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1994||Hard Target||MTV Movie Award||Most Desirable Male||Nominated|
|1998||Double Team||Golden Raspberry Award||Worst Screen Couple (with Dennis Rodman)||Won|
|2001||Replicant||Video Premiere Award||Best Actor||Nominated|
|2004||Bollywood Movie Award||Bollywood Movie Award||International Action Super Star||Won|
|2008||JCVD||Silver Leopard||Best Actor||Nominated|
|2009||JCVD||TFCA Award||Best Performance, Male||Nominated|
|2014||Macau International Film Festival||Golden Lotus Award||Outstanding Achievement of Action Movies Show||Won|
||This section about a living person needs additional citations for verification. (October 2012) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)|
|Win||44-4-0||Jonny Wellum||Decision||7 May 1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Van Damme avenges early career defeat)|
|Win||43-4-0||Jordy Claes||Decision||1980||3||Gala International W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||42-4-0||Patrick Teugels||l'abandon (TKO)||8 March 1980||1||Forest Nationals||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact:Teugels suffers a broken nose and is unable to continue.)|
|Win||41-4-0||Andres Kovac||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||40-4-0||Bekim-Moussa Muhammad||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||39-4-0||Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou||Decision||1980||3||W.A.K.O.||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||38-4-0||Reinhard Krass||Disq.||26 December 1979||2||Karate Tournament: Belgium Team vs. German Team||Woluwe, Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||37-4-0||Gilberto Dias||l'abandon||November 1979||1||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Light-Contact (Dias suffers ankle injury and is unable to continue.)|
|Win||36-4-0||Hans Kohler||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||35-4-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1979||3||W.A.K.O.||Tampa, Florida, U.S.A.||Light-Contact (Both men fight in karate gi uniforms, no pads or gloves)|
|Win||35-3-0||Matthias Evrard||Decision||1979||3||Cup of Antwerp World-All Styles Karate Organization||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||34-3-0||Paul Sperati||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Opprebais, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||33-3-0||Lucus Reinfeld||Decision||1979||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization, Europe Interland Cup||Mulhouse, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||32-3-0||Robbe Bogaerts||Decision||1978||3||Hope Cup World-All Styles Karate Organization||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||31-3-0||Leonard Baptiste||Decision||1978||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||30-3-0||Fernando Cabanela||Decision||1978||3||World-All Styles Karate Organization||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||29-3-0||Angelo Spataro||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||29-2-0||Gabriel Van Der Driessche||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||28-2-0||Farid Muhammad Mousseau||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||27-2-0||Jacques van Laere||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||26-2-0||Christian Hedin||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||25-2-0||Gerard Charon||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||24-2-0||David Arranz||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||23-2-0||Bernard Redden||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||22-2-0||Antoine Redi||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||21-2-0||Ben Salah Ellah||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||20-2-0||Gaston Airey||Foul||1978||1||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||19-2-0||Abdembi Hassan Ali||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||18-2-0||Jonas "Marcel" Cohen||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||17-2-0||Christian Van Tieghem||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||16-2-0||Max Roelandt||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||15-2-0||Andre Verbon||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||14-2-0||Michel Juvillier||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||13-2-0||Joel Maoreau||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||12-2-0||Ronald Duivenbode||Decision||1978||3||Challenge Coupe des Espoirs Karate Tournament (1st Trials)||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||11-2-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1978||3||Belgium Lightweight Championship||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||11-1-0||Gris Lubbers||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||10-1-0||Andre Lemaire||Decision||1977||3||World Association of Kickboxing Organizations Open International||Izegem, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||9-1-0||Patrick Teugels||Decision||1977||3||Antwerp Open International Competition W.A.K.O.||Antwerp, Belgium||Light-Contact|
|Win||8-1-0||Maurice Devos||Decision||1977||3||World Allstyles Kickboxing Organization||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||7-1-0||, Jacques Berri||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||6-1-0||Johannes Binding||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||5-1-0||Jean-Morin Devigne||Decision||1976||3||Antwerp Open WAKO||Antwerp, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||4-1-0||Roland Vedani||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Win||3-1-0||Jean-Paul Gaston||Decision||1976||3||European Karate Union||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact|
|Loss||2-1-0||Jonny Wellum||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with Defaite (loss)|
|Win||2-0-0||Bernard Briers||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with victoire (win)|
|Win||1-0-0||Robin Lomard||Decision||22 January 1976||3||La Federation Europeene de Karate (European Karate Federation)||Brussels, Belgium||Semi-Contact (J.Vandenberg credit with victoire (win))-Magazine "boxe francise" (Karate)|
|Win||18-1-0||Nedjad Gharbi||KKO||1982||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||17-1-0||Daniel Le Jaouen||KKO||1982||1||1:05||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||16-1-0||Lenny Leikman||KKO||1982||3||1st Journée Des Arts Martiaux||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||15-1-0||Ajom Mahmud Uddin||KO||1981||1||0:19||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||14-1-0||Mustapha-Ahmad Benamou||KKO||1981||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||13-1-0||Henk Besselman||KO||1981||1||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||12-1-0||Michael J. Heming||KKO||1980||1||0:46||European Karate Federation Middleweight Championship||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||11-1-0||Georges Verlugels||KO||1980||2||P.K.A. Middleweight Championship||Brussels, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||10-1-0||Sherman Bergman||KKO||1979 Nov 4||1||0:56||Tampa, Florida, USA||Full-Contact|
|Win||9-1-0||Rolf Risberg||KKO||1979||1||Ingelmunster, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||8-1-0||Emile Leibman||KKO||1979||1||Iseghem, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||7-1-0||Cyrille Nollet||KKO||1978||1||Iseghem, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||6-1-0||Orlando Lang||KO||1978||1||0:26||Antwerp, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||4-1-0||Eric "Basel" Strauss||KKO||1978||1||0:18||Antwerp, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||3-1-0||Andre "Robar" Robaeys||KKO||1978||1||Mulhouse, Belgium||Kickboxing|
|Win||2-1-0||Michel Juvillier||KO||1978||1||0:39||Antwerp, Belgium||Full-Contact|
|Loss||1-1-0||Etienne "Tuf" Aubry||Disq||7 March 1977||1||1:02||Marseilles, France||Full-Contact (Magazine "boxe francise" (Karate))|
|Win||1-0-0||Toon Van Oostrum||KKO||1977||1||0:46||Brussels, Belgium||Full-Contact|
- Hendrix, Grady (19 October 2007). "Happy Belated Birthday, Jean-Claude Van Damme!". Slate.
- Current Biography Yearbook. H. W. Wilson Company. 1999. p. 577.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Biography (1960–)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "Jean-Claude van Damme- Biography". Yahoo! Movies. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme unveils his statue in Belgium". The Reel Place.
Standing next to his Flemish mother and his Walloon father, the actor talked about the linguistic conflict: “It’s a dispute between two cultures that are, in fact, the same. But, there’s a lot of love in this war” he concluded, true to himself.; "Jean-Claude Van Damme - Bifff 2007". VanDammeTV.
Mijn moeder is Vlaamse en mijn vader is van Brussels [My mother is Flemish and my father is from Brussels]
- "Why is he famous?". AskMen.com. Retrieved 15 June 2010.
- Stanley, John (2 April 1989). "Belgian Bruiser Muscles Into B-Movie Scene". San Francisco Chronicle.
- Karate black belt Archived 5 April 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- Grobel, Lawrence (1 January 1995). "Playboy interview". Playboy.
- Kim, Jae-Ha (14 April 1989). "Van Damme gets his kicks from acting now, not karate". Chicago Sun-Times.
- "FanDamme Jean Claude van Damme". Retrieved 6 December 2014.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude Van Damme (The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002), p. 11.
- "Standardized Tournaments And Ratings System Historic Kickboxing Ring Records". The Star System. 8 March 1980. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "CNK – Centre National de Karaté". Jcvandamme.net. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- "King Of Kung Fu Presents: The Jean Claude Van Damme Interview". Asian Movie Pulse. 13 June 2013.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Profile". Best Eye Candy. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- Warrener, Don (15 August 2011). "Jean Claude van Damme: Behind The Public Image". FightingArts.com. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Somluck Kamsing to fight Van Damme". CNN. 11 January 2010.
- Natalia Baage (8 September 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme to fight Somluck Kamsing in K-1". Five Knuckles.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks about Kamsing Fight in May or June 2012". YouTube. 7 November 2011. Retrieved 3 April 2012
- "Жан-Клод Ван Дамм решил провести бой в Грозном". KM.RU Новости. 11 November 2011
- "MUAY THAI News – Jean-Claude Van Damme vs Somrak Kamsing? Are you serious bro?" AllTheBestFights.com. 18 October 2012
- "Somrack Kamsing and Jean-Claude Van Damme - Friendship and hon". YouTube. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- "Opening Ceremony In Cannes, France On May 13, 1993". Getty Images. Getty Inc. Retrieved 30 August 2016.
- Haufrect, Ian T (2001). "If It Bleeds, We Can Kill It". 20th Century Fox.
- Bates, James (23 September 1994). "Van Damme Gains 'Franchise' Status". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- Corliss, Richard (3 November 2008). "The Top 10 Everything of 2008: Top 10 Movie Performances". Time. Time Warner. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Corliss, Richard; Grossman, Lev; Ponewozik, James; Zoglin, Richard (13 November 2008). "Short List". Time. Time Warner. Retrieved 1 October 2009.
- Rollings, Grant (6 February 2009). "Jean-Claude Van Damme interview". The Sun. London, England. Van Damme: "My eldest son doesn't know how to deal with society because I over-protect him because of my last life of being on the street and sleeping on the street and starving in L.A. I didn't want him to have that."
- Temur, T. (30 June 2011). "Exclusive: Jean-Claude Van Damme Talks To Today.Az, Remembers Baku". Today.az.
- Nudd, Tim (17 June 2011). "Ad of the Day: Coors Light Jean Claude Van Damme compares the beer to his frozen crotch". Adweek.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme statue unveiled". India Glitz. 26 October 2012
- Whale, Chase (8 August 2012). "JCVD: 'Double Impact 2' Script Is Written". NextMovie.
- "Exclusive Poster: Enemies Closer". CraveOnline. 20 November 2013.
- Thistlethwaite, Felicity (13 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: I like to be next to Stallone". MSN Movies.
- "JC 1er : une série comique avec Jean Claude Van Damme, pour Canal" (in French). Premiere (magazine). April 1, 2015.
- "Sales Poster For Van Damme Starring Comedy WELCOME TO THE JUNGLE". TwitchFilm. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Dickensheets, Scott (25 September 1997). "People in the News". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved 18 May 2012.
- Hilary Swank, Van Damme criticised over Kadyrov party, Press Trust of India, dated 12 October 2011.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 14 October 2011.
- Masters, Kim (12 October 2011). "Seal's Chechen Leader Birthday Bash Performance Questioned By Human Rights Group". hollywoodreporter.com.
- Larkin, Mike (14 October 2011). "'I deeply regret attending': Hilary Swank goes into damage control after turning up at birthday party for Chechen president". Daily Mail. London.
- Elder, Miriam (13 October 2011). "Hilary Swank 'regrets' partying with Chechen leader Ramzan Kadyrov". The Guardian. London.
- "Abstract Thinker". Blog.eurnet.fr. Retrieved 20 February 2010.
- Guinness World Records Gamer's Edition. London: Guinness World Records. 2008. ISBN 978-1-904994-21-3.
- "Mortal Kombat Episode #313". gamemakers. G4TV. Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "A New Battle For Mankind Begins in 'Mortal Kombat' Tourney, Redo in the Works". Retrieved 4 May 2012.
- "Watch Jean-Claude Van Damme do the splits between two Volvo trucks". The Descrier. 2013-11-16. Retrieved 2013-11-27.
- Arpe, Malene (2013-11-20). "Channing Tatum recreates Jean-Claude Van Damme's epic split". The Star. Retrieved 2013-11-27. The Descrier. 16 November 2013
- Herald Sun. Melbourne Australia. 8 April 1997. p. 24. Missing or empty
- Godfrey, Alex (10 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme: 'I tried to play the system; I was blacklisted'". The Guardian.
- Truitt, Brian (19 August 2012). "For Jean-Claude Van Damme, comeback is sweet". USA Today.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Biography.com. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Hagan, Pat (18 April 2011). "Manic depression has been rebranded as bipolar... But are so many of us really mentally ill?". Mail Online.
- Bloch, Jon P.; Naser, Jeffrey A. (2006). The everything health guide to adult bipolar disorder. Everything Books. p. 47. ISBN 978-1-59337-585-0. Retrieved 31 August 2010.
- "Stars Who've Battled Mental Health Issues". US Weekly. Retrieved 29 November 2013.
- Friedman, Roger (14 May 2010). "Cannes film festival 2010: Jean-Claude Van Damme plans to appear in reality TV show for A&E". Daily News. New York. Retrieved 2011-03-21.
- Sieczkowski, Cavan (14 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme Admits To Affair With Kylie Minogue". Huffington Post.
- Chen, Joyce (13 August 2012). "Jean-Claude Van Damme admits to affair with Kylie Minogue while shooting 'Street Fighter' almost 20 years ago". Daily News (New York).
- McKay, Hollie (2012-08-15). "Exclusive: Darcy LaPier shocked by ex-husband Jean-Claude Van Damme's affair with Kylie Minogue." FoxNews.com. Fox News Network LLC. Retrieved 2015-12-17.
- Parker, Heidi. "Divorcing... again! Jean-Claude Van Damme's wife is leaving the action star for a SECOND time after ending their first marriage in 1992", Daily Mail, published 20 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015.
- Carballo, Charlie (May 14, 2010). "Jean-Claude Van Damme says the divorce is OFF and claims he's reconciled with wife Gladys Portugues (who he's already married, divorced and remarried)". Daily Mail.
- Jean-Claude Vandammelibrary (19 November 2015). "VAN DAMME (JCVD) - First ever screen appearance in 1979" – via YouTube.
- Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike (5 May 2015). "Dimitri Vegas & Like Mike vs Ummet Ozcan - The Hum ( Official Music Video )" – via YouTube.
- Wilson, John (23 August 2000). "1988 Archive". Razzies.com.
- Katherine Drobot Lawrence. Jean-Claude Van Damme. The Rosen Publishing Group, 2002.
- "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Listal. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 60, 265. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Wako)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 285–286. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (PKA World Heavyweight Title)
- Corcoran, John; Farkas, Emil (1988). Martial Arts: Traditions, History, People. New York City: Gallery Books. pp. 210, 393. ISBN 978-0-8317-5805-9. (Eku)
- Soet, John Steven (March 1990). "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Inside Kung-Fu Presents: Martial Artists One on One. pp. 16–25.
- Vandehey, Tim (April 1991). "Gunning for Van Damme". Karate Kung-Fu Illustrated.
- Xuat Tinh Som (31 December 2007). "Jean-Claude Van Damme". Tre Today News.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jean-Claude Van Damme.|
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Jean-Claude Van Damme|