Joint Entrance Examination – Main

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Joint Entrance Examination – Main (JEE Main)
AcronymJEE Main
TypeComputer based test
Developer / administratorNational Testing Agency
Knowledge / skills tested
PurposeAdmission to undergraduate Engineering and architecture courses in 31 NITs and many other colleges. Also serves as a prelim selection for JEE Advanced
Year started2002 (19 years ago) (2002)
Duration3 hours, (30mins extra for paper 2)
Score / grade range- 75 to +300 in Paper 1
Offered4 times per year
Restrictions on attemptsWithin 2 years of passing Class XII, No age-bar
Countries / regionsIndia
LanguagesEnglish, Assamese, Bengali, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odiya, Punjabi, Tamil, Urdu and Telugu.
Annual number of test takersIncrease 2,290,281 (2021)[1]
Prerequisites / eligibility criteriaClass 12 or equivalent with Mathematics, Physics and any one of the techical subject prescribed by AICTE from recognised board/university.

Joint Entrance Examination – Main (JEE-Main), formerly All India Engineering Entrance Examination (AIEEE), is an all India standardised computer-based test for admission to various technical undergraduate programs in engineering, architecture and Planning across India. The exam is conducted by the National Testing Agency(NTA). Admission for BTech, B.Arch programs in the premier technical institutes such as the National Institutes of Technology and Indian Institutes of Information Technology are based on the rank secured in the JEE-Main. Since 2021, the test is being conducted 4 times every year, spanning from January to May.[2][3]


The AIEEE was introduced in 2002. It was renamed to JEE Main in 2013.

In 2018 the exam was held both in pen-paper as well as CBT mode.[4]

Until 2018, JEE-Main was held in the first week of April by the Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE).

Since 2019, National Testing Agency conducts JEE main.

The 2020 and 2021 exams were postponed due to the coronavirus pandemic.[5]


The examination consists of only two papers: Paper 1 for B.E./B. Tech. courses and Paper 2 for B. Arch and B. Planning courses.[6] A candidate can opt for any or both the papers. Paper 1 is mandatorily a computer based test (called Online mode) from 2019. Till 2018, there was an option between OMR based and computer based mode. The examination was conducted in offline pen and paper mode till 2010. In 2011, as per the orders of the Ministry of Human Resource Development, CBSE conducted Paper 1 in Computer-Based-Test mode for the first one lakh candidates who opted for the same, while the remaining students took the examination in the conventional pen and paper mode.[7] The number of attempts which a candidate can avail at the examination is limited to three in consecutive years. As of 2018, the top 2,24,000 rankers of JEE (Main) will qualify to take the second and final level of examination: JEE (Advanced).[8]

In 2010 the Ministry of Human Resource Development announced plans to replace JEE by 2013 with a common entrance test for all government engineering colleges which will be called Indian Science Engineering Eligibility Test (ISEET).[9][10] Accordingly, MHRD proposes to set up National Testing Service, which will be an autonomous and self-sustained agency to conduct this new common entrance test.

JEE-Main examination also serves as a preliminary examination for JEE-Advanced.


The exam is offered in thirteen languages, namely Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Marathi, Odiya, Punjabi, Tamil, Urdu, and Telugu.[11]

Mode of Exam[edit]

  • B. E./ B. Tech. (Paper 1): Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics - parts 1, 2 and 3 respectively - are conducted in Computer Based Test mode only.
  • B. Arch. (Paper 2): Mathematics and Aptitude Test - parts 1 and 2 respectively - are held in Computer Based Test mode only, while a Drawing Test - or part 3 - is in offline mode - on a drawing sheet.
  • B. Planning (Paper 3): Mathematics, Aptitude Test and Planning Based Questions - parts 1, 2 and 3 respectively - are held in Computer Based Test mode only.[12][13]

Participating institutes[edit]

Institutes participating in the 2017 centralized seat allocation process included:[14]

Apart from Institutes under Joint Seat Allocation Authority, many states which take admission for the state based engineering institutes with JEE main.

Number of applicants by year[edit]

The number of applicants taking the JEE Main has varied over the years, with a peak of over 1.35 million in 2014.[15]

Since 2020 was a pandemic year, NTA announced that It would offer 4 attempts to the students appearing in 2021.

Year Phase Number of applicants
2021 4 509,972 [16]Increase
3 498,910 [17]Decrease
2 619,638 [18]Decrease
1 661,761 [19]Decrease
2020 2 858,273[20]Decrease
1 921,261[21] Decrease
2019 2 935,741[22] Increase
1 929,198[22] Decrease
2018 Once

a year

1,259,000[23] Increase
2017 1,186,454[24] Decrease
2016 1,194,938 [25] Decrease
2015 1,304,495[26] Decrease
2014 1,356,805[27] Increase
2013 1,282,000[28] Increase
2012 1,220,000 Steady


Earlier, counselling for the JEE Main was conducted through the CSAB; but, now, the authorities have made changes in the counselling procedure. The JAB (Joint Admission Board), representing IITs, and the CSAB (Central Seat Allocation Board), making agreements on behalf of the NITs (National Institutes of Technology) and other CFTIs (Centrally Funded Technical Institutes), are now united to conduct counselling (common counselling) for the two exams of the IIT JEE. The memo for the same was signed on May 2, 2015. These two together are known as the Joint Seat Allocation Authority (JoSAA).[29]

2011 incident[edit]

In 2011, CBSE postponed the examination by a few hours after the question papers were leaked in Uttar Pradesh the night before. Meanwhile, alternate set of question papers were sent to the Examination Centres. CBSE announced the postponement, 30 minutes before the scheduled start of the examination.[30][31]

2020 Exam Postponement[edit]

Two sessions of the JEE Main were scheduled to be held in 2020 by the National Testing Agency, i.e., the January session and the April session. The CBT (Computer Based Testing) exam of the January session was held as per the initial schedule - from January 6, 2020 to January 9, 2020.[32][33] The JEE Main April session was scheduled to be held from April 3, 2020 to April 9, 2020.[34][33] But, later, the JEE Main April Session was postponed three times keeping in mind the COVID-19 pandemic and finally held successfully from September 1, 2020 to September 6, 2020.[35][33]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "JEE main 2021 number of candidates registered".
  2. ^ "About | Joint Entrance Examination - Main". Retrieved 21 June 2021.
  3. ^ Retrieved 9 July 2021. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ "JEE Main results 2018 date and time: Results declared at,". The Indian Express. 30 April 2018. Retrieved 4 December 2020.
  5. ^ "IIT-JEE Mains April session deferred due to rise in COVID-19 cases". Retrieved 21 April 2021.
  6. ^ "JEE revamp: Science no more must for BPlanning – Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 3 September 2019.
  7. ^ The Times of India (22 November 2010). "1L students to take AIEEE online". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2012.
  8. ^ Bhandary, Shreya (30 October 2017). "Eligibility criteria for JEE Advanced 2018 released, more students can appear for exam". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  9. ^ "IIT-JEE likely to be abolished by 2013". Archived from the original on 28 April 2010. Retrieved 12 September 2011.
  10. ^ "ISEET to replace IIT JEE and AIEEE".
  11. ^ Gohain, Manash Pratim (28 November 2019). "JEE Main to be conducted in 11 languages from January 2021". The Times of India. Retrieved 23 January 2020.
  12. ^ "JEE Exam Main 2020: New Exam Pattern and Syllabus released, Know what are the changes at". Zee Business. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  13. ^ Network, digitalLEARNING. "JEE Main Paper 2020: Testing agency introduces new paper for B.Planning courses". Retrieved 6 September 2019.
  14. ^ "Joint Entrance Examination(Main) – 2017 – Information Bulletin". JEE (Main) Secretariat – Central Board of Secondary Education. 10 November 2016. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 October 2017. Retrieved 27 April 2017.
  15. ^ "JEE (Mains) 2014: 14 lakh candidates appeared for the exam : News".
  16. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  17. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  18. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  19. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  20. ^ Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. ^ "JEE Main 2020 result declared in record time, details here". Hindustan Times. 18 January 2020. Retrieved 19 January 2020.
  22. ^ a b "JEE Main 2019: In April, 9.35 lakh candidates registered; January was 9.29 lakh". The Indian Express. 29 April 2019. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  23. ^ "JEE Main Answer Key 2018 Released". NDTV. 24 April 2018. Retrieved 5 November 2018. A total of 2.16 lakh candidates appeared for the JEE Main online exam... while, offline exam ... for around 10.43 lakh aspirants.
  24. ^ "RESULT OF JEE (MAIN) 2017" (PDF). National Informatics Centre. 27 April 2017. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  25. ^ "CBSE JEE Main 2016: Check out the result analysis here!". 27 April 2016. India Today. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  26. ^ "JEE Main Registrations Stats: 2014 vs 2015". 2 March 2014. Careers360. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  27. ^ "JEE Main 2014 Result Analysis". 7 May 2014. Shiksha. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  28. ^ "Number of applicants for JEE Main decreased in 2015". 8 January 2016. Jagran Josh. 1 April 2017. Retrieved 29 April 2017.
  29. ^ "Joint Seat Allocation Authority 2016". Retrieved 26 August 2016.[permanent dead link]
  30. ^ Central Board of Secondary Education (1 May 2011). "AIEEE-2011 Important Press Release" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 May 2011. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  31. ^ Times of India. "AIEEE question papers leaked, test postponed". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 6 November 2012. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  32. ^ "NTA JEE Main 2020 Day 3 HIGHLIGHTS: Today's exam tougher than yesterday's, claim students". The Indian Express. 9 January 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  33. ^ a b c "National Testing Agency". Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  34. ^ "JEE Main 2020 Application Form HIGHLIGHTS: How to apply online, fee, exam pattern". The Indian Express. 8 February 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2021.
  35. ^ "JEE Main 2020 Exam Analysis (1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th, 5th, 6th September): Students' Reaction, Video & Updates!". 6 September 2020. Retrieved 13 May 2021.

External links[edit]