JKT48

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JKT48
JKT48 Jak-Japan Matsuri Aitakatta.jpg
JKT48 performs at Jakarta–Japan Matsuri 2012.
Background information
OriginJakarta, Indonesia
GenresIndo pop, J-Pop, Pop
Years active2011 (2011)–present
LabelsJKT48 Project (agency)
Hits Records (Global Mediacom Group) (studio)
Universal Music Group/Sony Music Entertainment (distributor)
DentsuXentertainment
Associated actsAKB48 Group
Websitejkt48.com
MembersJKT48 members

JKT48 (read as "J. K. T. Forty-eight") is an Indonesian idol group whose name is derived from its based city of Jakarta and the Japanese idol group AKB48. Formed in 2011, it is the first AKB48 sister group outside Japan and adopts the concept of "idols you can meet",[1] before switching to "idols that will come to meet you" since 8 April 2018. Fans can attend daily performances at the group's theater, which was built as a close replica to the AKB48 Theater in Akihabara.[citation needed]

While JKT48 does not restrict membership by nationality, applicants must be residents of Indonesia. As of 12 December 2018, the group has 47 active team members.[2] It also has 21 Class A Academy members – formerly known as trainees – and 7 Class B Academy members.[3]

On 16 February 2013, JKT48 released its first studio album Heavy Rotation via Hits Records, a division of MNC subsidiary PT Star Media Nusantara. It performs songs by AKB48 and other sister groups that are translated into Indonesian.[citation needed]

Conception[edit]

Producer Yasushi Akimoto decided to bring the AKB48 concept to Indonesia because the group had begun to develop a fan base in the country. Indonesia's growing economy was seen as a potential market by many Japanese companies, and Akimoto established a franchising partnership with Dentsu Media Group Indonesia to replicate the AKB48 business model. Dentsu Media Group Indonesia then cooperated with the country's largest media conglomerate Global Mediacom (MNC Media) as JKT48 official media partner.[citation needed]

Much like AKB48, the female Japanese idol group formed in 2005 in the Akihabara, Tokyo, JKT48 is based on the concept of idols with whom fans can "'meet', or at least develop a similar feeling of intimacy". JKT48 takes its name from the group's base city of Jakarta, Indonesia.[4] The country was seen as a potential market for the idol business because of its relatively young population—As of 2012 about half are under the age of 30—and the popularity of Japanese manga series, such as Slam Dunk and One Piece. In order to bring the concept of AKB48 to Indonesia, producer Yasushi Akimoto and Dentsu Media Group Indonesia partnered with the country's largest media conglomerate, Global Mediacom (MNC Media),and Rakuten.[5]

In an interview on CNN's TalkAsia program, Akimoto responded to the question of why he selected Indonesia as the first target of AKB48's overseas expansion:

"People in Indonesia were interested in AKB48. That is why we decided to try it in Jakarta. Kids watched AKB on the internet and they want to do the same, but they don't know whether they have talent. Also it's difficult [for them] to go to Japan to audition."[6]

Then Rakuten–MNC chief marketing officer Reino Barack and Arya Sinulingga recounted of his visit to Japan:

"When I watched AKB48's theater performance in Akihabara, I sensed the potential for a new business in Indonesia."[5]

History[edit]

2011–2012: Formation[edit]

External video
First live performance of JKT48. Note the use of costumes in the style of school uniforms, often used by AKB48 in its performances.[7]

On 11 September 2011 (7 years ago) (2011-09-11), the formation of JKT48 was announced at an AKB48 event held at Makuhari Messe in Chiba, Japan.[8] Applicant interviews took place the following weeks, in late September 2011, and the first auditions were held a month after the initial announcement, from 8–9 October 2011.[1] AKB48 member Minami Takahashi also visited Jakarta during the auditions to promote JKT48 among fans of AKB48.[9] Although applicants did not have to be Indonesian citizens, they did have to already reside in the country.[10] Approximately 1,200 girls auditioned for the group, and 51 were selected to proceed to the second round. Finalists were judged based on their dance performance of "Heavy Rotation", from AKB48's single of the same name, and their performance of a song of their choice.[11] JKT48's 28 first generation members, ages 12–21, were selected on 2 November 2011.[12]

On 17 December 2011, JKT48 made its first public appearance on the live music program 100% Ampuh on Global TV, performing "Heavy Rotation", with lyrics translated into Indonesian.[7]

JKT48 Theater in fX Sudirman.

As part of the concept of "idols you can meet every day", AKB48 performs daily at its theater in Akihabara.[13] The JKT48 management team aimed to accomplish this same principle and began scouting locations in Jakarta for the group's own theater in early 2012. An unoccupied site in the fX Sudirman shopping mall was selected as the theater's eventual location, and planning for its renovation began in April.[14] In the meantime, the first theater performances were held 17–20 May 2012 at a temporary stage in the Nyi Ageng Serang Building in Kuningan, Jakarta.[15] The official theater opened on 8 September 2012 for daily performances with a set list of 16 songs that have been translated into Indonesian. The theater has a seating capacity of 180 and standing room for 30, and its design is a close replica of the AKB48 Theater.[16]

JKT48 has also performed in Japan alongside other AKB48 sister groups. In its first performance in Japan, the group was a surprise guest at 2011 AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen and performed the Indonesian version of "Aitakatta".[17] It also performed alongside AKB48 and other sister groups at the 62nd NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen with a total 210 members onstage.[18][19] It also participated in the 2012 AKB48 concerts at Saitama Super Arena and Tokyo Dome.[20][21]

On 13 August 2012, management began accepting applications for second generation members. Of the 4,500 applicants, approximately 200 were selected for interviews the following month. The pool was then narrowed down from 67 to 31 in a selection round held by RCTI.[22] All 31 finalists were eventually chosen as second generation members at a final audition on 3 November in Japan.[23] Additionally, AKB48 members Aki Takajō and Haruka Nakagawa, whose transfers to JKT48 were announced at the Tokyo Dome concert, officially began their activities with the group on 1 November and made their theater debut on 26 December.[24] Nakagawa became interested in Jakarta during a visit with other members of AKB48 earlier in February 2012.[25]

2013–present: Major debut[edit]

JKT48 was scheduled to release its debut album in January 2013, but production was hampered because of flooding in Jakarta.[26] To celebrate the release, the group's management team had distributed 100,000 free CD singles. Each single featured an Indonesian version of one of four songs: "Heavy Rotation"; "Kimi no Koto ga Suki Dakara"; "Baby! Baby! Baby!"; and "Ponytail to Shushu".[27] Members, some of whom had been directly affected by the flooding, later held a charity event in order to raise funds for the city's relief efforts.[28] The debut album, entitled Heavy Rotation, had a limited release at the JKT48 Theater on 16 February 2013 and went on sale in music stores nationwide on 2 March.[29] All previously released singles were included in the album.[27]

On 4 February 2014, JKT48 announced the names of 63 finalists who were vying to become JKT48 trainees in the third generation.[30][31] On 15 February, the group announced and performed its fifth single "Flying Get".[30] On 24 February 2014, Rina Chikano was transferred from AKB48 to JKT48, Aki Takajo and Rena Nozawa's concurrent positions were cancelled.[citation needed]

On 26 April 2014, JKT48 held its first annual Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranked members going to appear in JKT48's 6th Single, Gingham Check, released on 11 June 2014.[32] On 27 August 2014 the group released Kokoro no Placard, with Shania Junianatha taking the centre position for the first time, and Rina Chikano and Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth appearing in senbatsu for the first time.[citation needed]

On 7 December 2014, first generation member Rica Leyona graduated from the group at the "Kokoro no Placard" handshake event, and the group's 8th Single, Kaze wa Fuiteiru, was released on 24 December 2014.[33]

On 20 February 2015, JKT48 held a collaboration concert with AKB48 in Jakarta. 15 members of AKB48 was sent to Jakarta for the concert, including Yui Yokoyama, Rie Kitahara and Asuka Kuramochi.[34] On 27 March 2015, JKT48 released its 9th single, Pareo wa Emerald.[citation needed]

On 2 May 2015, JKT48 held its second Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranking members are featured in the group's 10th single Kibōteki Refrain, Jessica Veranda replaced Melody Nurramdhani as the winner of JKT48's second Senbatsu Election.[35] On 26 August 2015, JKT48 released its 11th single, Halloween Night, the same day as AKB48's version of the song.[citation needed]

On 21 March 2017, JKT48 general manager Jiro Inao committed suicide by hanging at his house in South Tangerang, Banten, Indonesia, possibly due to "work pressure".[36]

Members[edit]

JKT48's line up has frequently changed due to additions, departures, and team shuffles.[citation needed]

As of 8 November 2018, the group consisted of 47 team members, divided as follows:[2]

  • Team J with 16 members
  • Team KIII with 16 members
  • Team T with 15 members

On 15 April 2018, the JKT48 Academy officially established. As of 12 December 2018, it consists of 28 members from 2 classes as follows:[3]

  • 21 Class A Academy members (formerly known as Trainees), consists of 2 fifth generation, 7 sixth generation, and 12 seventh generation members.
  • 7 Class B Academy members.

Discography[edit]

  • Heavy Rotation (2013)
  • Mahagita (2016)
  • JKT48 Festival: Greatest Hits (2017)
  • B•E•L•I•E•V•E (2017)

Promotion and media[edit]

JKT48 follows its Japanese sister group AKB48 in order to boost the record sales through a variety of marketing strategies. The main track for each single is sung by a team of "All Stars" (選抜, senbatsu, selection) consisting of popular members from JKT48's teams, with one of the girls selected as the center performer or Center. The singles and albums are released in different types with alternate type and voting codes for annual election contests.[37] Alan Swarts of MTV Japan has noted that collectors purchasing multiple copies of AKB48 CDs have inflated the market, and is one of the reasons Japan's music industry has been booming.[38] Five elections have been held; most recently in 2018.

A JKT48 member greets fans at an autograph event.

JKT48 is billed as a "unique idol group with Indonesian culture". Harris Thayeb, President Director of the group's promotional agent Dentsu Media Group Indonesia, believed the group's concept "will make our idols more down to earth, being always nice and able to be greeted anytime".[12] The group was seen as part of the "Cool Japan" brand adopted by the Japanese government to promote the country's culture around the world.[39]

On 25 February 2012, JKT48 held a joint concert with AKB48 at the Japan Pop Culture Festival at Balai Kartini in Jakarta. The event was sponsored by the Embassy of Japan, the Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. According to Junji Shimada, deputy to the Japanese ambassador, AKB48 was invited to perform because of its status as a Japanese pop icon, and the two sister groups represent the friendship between Japan and Indonesia.[40]

JKT48 appeared in television shows almost daily after its debut and in television advertisements by Japanese companies that intend to capture a share of the rapidly growing Indonesian market. Otsuka Pharmaceutical hired JKT48 to promote the company's Pocari Sweat beverages one month after the group's first members were announced. Sharp Corporation selected JKT48 to appear at the company's promotional events, and Yamaha Motor Company hired the group in order to promote its line of fuel efficient Mio J scooters to Indonesian teens.[39] Ezaki Glico also featured the group in its advertisements as part of an effort to grow sales in Indonesia to over Rp1 billion.[41]

Teenagers and single young men make up the largest portion of the JKT48 and AKB48 fan base. Furthermore, some believe JKT48's idol concept is not representative of Indonesian culture.[42]

Elections[edit]

The elections have been held annually since 2014.[43]

First edition[edit]

JKT48 6th Single's Members Election
Date5 March – 22 April 2014
(voting period)
26 April 2014
(final results announcement)
PresentersIrgy Ahmad Fahrezy
Reinita Arlin
VenueANTV Epicentrum Studio Complex, South Jakarta
Broadcasterantv
Entrants71 members
WinnerMelody Nurramdhani Laksani (Team J)[44]
2015 →

JKT48 6th Single's Members Election (Indonesian: Pemilihan Member Single ke-6 JKT48) was a chain of annual event to determine the selected of members who would participate in the JKT48's 6th single. This event was the first edition, following the same event held by AKB48 and its local sister groups. The election determined the top 16 members with the most amount of vote to fill 16 positions on two songs; the top 16 (Japanese: senbatsu (選抜)) would be featured in the main single. The order of blocking (dancing position) was determined by the result of the vote from the fans. In this case, the number one position would place the member as the center on the single. The election result was revealed at the ANTV Epicentrum Studio Complex, South Jakarta and broadcast live on antv on 26 April 2014. The event was emceed by Irgy Ahmad Fahrezy, the former host of Indonesian Idol (first and second season), and Christie Julia. All 40 of JKT48 members active as of 5 March 2014 participated. On 25 March, all 31 remaining members from the newly-introduced third generation members entered the contest.[45]

The top 16 members were featured in the single "Gingham Check", released on 11 June 2014.

Timeline[edit]
  • 5 March 2014: Voting period opened for serial numbers obtained from JKT48 single "Flying Get", JKT48 Official Fan Club privilege, and ballots distributed after every theater show.
  • 15 March 2014: First round results announcement
  • 16–22 March 2014: Voting period for serial numbers obtained by downloading the said single in the official mobile content menu.
  • 25 March 2014: Second round results announcement
  • 23 April 2014, midnight: Voting period closed at all
  • 26 April 2014: Final results announcement[46]
Election results[edit]
Final
rank
Name Team Popular
vote[47][48]
Second round result[49][50] First round result[51][52]
Popular vote Rank Popular vote Rank
1 Melody Nurramdhani Laksani J 14,541 7,969 1 475 1
2 Jessica Veranda J 13,285 6,465 2 370 7
3 Haruka Nakagawa J 13,276 2,718 14 460 2
4 Shania Junianatha J 12,859 2,741 13 342 8
5 Beby Chaesara Anadila J 12,015 6,059 3 415 4
6 Nabilah Ratna Ayu Azalia J 11,872 2,587 15 371 6
7 Rica Leyona J 11,372 5,914 5 N/A N/A
8 Devi Kinal Putri J 10,031 6,013 4 396 5
9 Ghaida Farisya J 9,044 4,156 7 239 14
10 Viviyona Apriani KIII 8,917 4,439 6 N/A N/A
11 Ratu Vienny Fitrilya KIII 7,149 2,980 10 434 3
12 Cindy Yuvia KIII 6,669 N/A N/A 254 11
13 Thalia KIII 6,290 2,934 11 N/A N/A
14 Ayana Shahab J 6,259 N/A N/A 340 9
15 Jennifer Hanna KIII 5,144 3,015 8 N/A N/A
16 Jessica Vania J 4,178 2,995 9 242 13
nr Rona Anggreani KIII N/A 2,797 12 N/A N/A
nr Lidya Maulida Djuhandar KIII N/A 2,316 16 N/A N/A
nr Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth J N/A N/A N/A 338 10
nr Sinka Juliani KIII N/A N/A N/A 246 12
nr Sendy Ariani J N/A N/A N/A 238 15
nr Saktia Oktapyani Trainee N/A N/A N/A 211 16

Subsequent editions[edit]

The next editions was held in the first semesters of 2015, 2016, and 2017, while the 2018 edition was held in the year's second semester.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Oricon 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Profil Anggota". jkt48.com (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 8 November 2018.
  3. ^ a b "JKT48 Academy Members". jkt48.com (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 12 December 2018.
  4. ^ Galbraith 2012, p. 202.
  5. ^ a b Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 1.
  6. ^ TalkAsia 2012.
  7. ^ a b Natalie 2011, JKT48: First Performance of Japan's "Heavy Rotation" & First Handshake Event.
  8. ^ Anime News Network 2011.
  9. ^ Asahi Shimbun 2011.
  10. ^ Mainichi Shimbun 2011.
  11. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 2.
  12. ^ a b The Japan Times 2011.
  13. ^ JKT48 Operation Team, Apa Itu AKB48.
  14. ^ Mr. Sunday 2012.
  15. ^ Ogino & Ohira 2012, p. 12.
  16. ^ Maruli 2012.
  17. ^ Natalie 2011, Yūko Ōshima Leads White Team to Victory in First AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen.
  18. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012.
  19. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun 2011.
  20. ^ Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda's Graduation and General Election Announced at AKB48's Final Day at Saitama Super Arena.
  21. ^ Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda Cries "My Entire Youth" at AKB48's Final Day at Tokyo Dome.
  22. ^ Tribun 2012.
  23. ^ Halo Jepang! 2012, Seluruh Finalis JKT48 Generasi 2 Lulus Seleksi.
  24. ^ Oricon 2012.
  25. ^ Mainichi Shimbun 2012.
  26. ^ JKT48 Operation Team 2013, Pengunduran Rilis CD Perdana JKT48.
  27. ^ a b Christian 2012.
  28. ^ Tobing 2013.
  29. ^ Hardian 2013, JKT48 Launches Heavy Rotation.
  30. ^ a b Afit. "JKT48 5th Single announced & will hold Sousenkyo for 6th single, 3rd Gen finalists revealed (and many more) • AKB48WrapUp". Akb48wrapup.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  31. ^ "3rd Generation". JKT48. Retrieved 18 February 2014.
  32. ^ http://nihongogo.com/2014/04/jkt48s-1st-senbatsu-election-results/
  33. ^ http://www.jkt48stuff.com/2014/12/announcements-kokoplas-hs-festival/
  34. ^ "Daftar Member AKB48 Yang Akan Ke Jakarta".
  35. ^ http://akb48-daily.blogspot.co.id/2015/05/jkt48s-2nd-senbatsu-election-results.html/[permanent dead link]
  36. ^ Work Pressure Drives Inao Jiro to Commit Suicide, Police Says
  37. ^ Baseel, Casey (14 December 2014). "Who's still buying physical media in Japan? Top 20 singles lists for the year reveal the answer". rocketnews24.com. Retrieved 28 January 2015.
  38. ^ Swarts, Alan (23 July 2013). "Why Japan's Music Industry Is Booming... For Now". Billboard.com. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  39. ^ a b International Business Times 2012.
  40. ^ Burhani 2012.
  41. ^ Susilo 2013.
  42. ^ Halo Jepang! 2012, JKT48 Belum Mampu Tarik Minat Kalangan Dewasa.
  43. ^ Dhimas Ginanjar, ed. (19 October 2018). "Pemilu ala JKT48 yang Tidak Kalah Seru dari Pilpres" (in Indonesian). Jawa Pos Group.
  44. ^ "JKT48 Umumkan Member Single Keenam". Hai Online (in Indonesian). Kompas Gramedia Group. 26 April 2014.
  45. ^ "KANDIDAT PEMILIHAN MEMBER SINGLE KE-6 JKT48" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  46. ^ "JADWAL PEMILIHAN MEMBER SINGLE KE-6 JKT48" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 26 April 2014.
  47. ^ "HASIL PEMILIHAN MEMBER SINGLE KE-6 JKT48" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 26 April 2014.
  48. ^ Triyanisya (26 April 2014). "Berikut Member Terpilih di Single Keenam JKT48". Metrotvnews.com (in Indonesian). Media Group. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  49. ^ "PENGUMUMAN TAHAP 2 PEMILIHAN MEMBER SINGLE KE-6 JKT48" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 25 March 2014.
  50. ^ "Ini Dia Hasil Sementara 'Pemilu' JKT48". Detik.com (in Indonesian). Trans Media. 26 March 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2018.
  51. ^ "PENGUMUMAN TAHAP 1 PEMILIHAN MEMBER SINGLE KE-6 JKT48" (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 15 March 2014.
  52. ^ "Hasil Sementara Senbatsu JKT48". Kompas.com (in Indonesian). Kompas Gramedia Group. 15 March 2014. Retrieved 14 November 2018.

News sources

Web sources

  • 組閣後新体制 [Post-Reorganization Lineup] (in Japanese). AKS. 24 August 2012. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  • "Apa Itu AKB48" [What Is AKB48?] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Retrieved 7 February 2013.
  • "Pengunduran Rilis CD Perdana JKT48" [Release of JKT48's First CD Delayed] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2013.
  • "Profil Anggota" [Member Profiles] (in Indonesian). JKT48 Operation Team. Archived from the original on 25 June 2016. Retrieved 3 November 2011.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Galbraith, Patrick W. (2012). "Idols: Desire in Japanese Consumer Capitalism". In Galbraith, Patrick W.; Karlin, Jason G. Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-29830-9.
  • Ogino, Toshiyuki; Ohira, Akira (2012). Uchino, Emi; Kuriyama, Haruka; Iwasaki, Haruka, eds. Love JKT48: The 1st Official Guide Book. Jakarta: Dunia Otomotifindo Mediatama. ISBN 978-979-23-5755-4.

External links[edit]