JKT48

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JKT48
(JAKARTA48)
JKT48 Jak-Japan Matsuri Aitakatta.jpg
JKT48 2016
Background information
Origin Jakarta, Indonesia
Genres J-Pop
Years active 2011 (2011)–present
Labels JKT48 Project (agency)
Hits Records (Global Mediacom Group) (studio)
Universal Music Group / Sony Music Entertainment (distributor)
Associated acts AKB48
SKE48
SDN48
NMB48
HKT48
NGT48
4 Gulali
JKT48 Dangdut
JKT48 Band
MNL48
BNK48
TPE48
Website www.jkt48.com
Members JKT48 members

JKT48 (read as "J. K. T. Forty-eight") is an Indonesian idol group whose name is derived from its based city of Jakarta and the Japanese idol group AKB48. Formed in 2011, it is the first AKB48 sister group outside Japan and adopts the concept of "idols you can meet".[1] Fans can attend daily performances at the group's theater, which was built as a close replica to the AKB48 Theater in Akihabara.

Producer Yasushi Akimoto decided to bring the AKB48 concept to Indonesia because the group had begun to develop a fan base in the country. Indonesia's growing economy was seen as a potential market by many Japanese companies, and Akimoto established a franchising partnership with Dentsu Media Group Indonesia to replicate the AKB48 business model. Dentsu Media Group Indonesia then cooperate with the country's largest media conglomerate Global Mediacom (MNC Media) as JKT48 official media partner.

While JKT48 does not restrict membership by nationality, applicants must be residents of Indonesia. The group has 50 members team + 10 trainees + 16 trainee candidates (as of Augustus 2016) members and released its first studio album Heavy Rotation on 16 February 2013 via Hits Records, a division of MNC subsidiary PT Star Media Nusantara. It performs songs by AKB48 and other sister groups that are translated into Indonesian.

Conception[edit]

Much like AKB48, the female Japanese idol group formed in 2005 in the Akihabara neighborhood of Tokyo, JKT48 is based on the concept of idols with whom fans can "'meet', or at least develop a similar feeling of intimacy". JKT48 takes its name from the group's base city of Jakarta, Indonesia.[a][2] The country was seen as a potential market for the idol business because of its relatively young population—As of 2012 about half are under the age of 30—and the popularity of Japanese manga series, such as Slam Dunk and One Piece. In order to bring the concept of AKB48 to Indonesia, producer Yasushi Akimoto and Dentsu Media Group Indonesia partnered with the country's largest media conglomerate, Global Mediacom (MNC Media),and Rakuten.[3]

In an interview on CNN's TalkAsia program, Akimoto responded to the question of why he selected Indonesia as the first target of AKB48's overseas expansion. He said, "People in Indonesia were interested in AKB48. That is why we decided to try it in Jakarta. Kids watched AKB on the internet and they want to do the same, but they don't know whether they have talent. Also it's difficult [for them] to go to Japan to audition."[4] Then Rakuten–MNC Chief Marketing Officer Reino Barack and Arya Sinulingga recounted of his visit to Japan, "When I watched AKB48's theater performance in Akihabara, I sensed the potential for a new business in Indonesia."[b][3]

History[edit]

2011–2012: Formation[edit]

External video
First live performance of JKT48. Note the use of costumes in the style of school uniforms, often used by AKB48 in its performances.[5]

The formation of JKT48 was announced on 11 September 2011 at an AKB48 event held at Makuhari Messe in Chiba, Japan.[6] Applicant interviews took place in late September, and the first auditions were held 8–9 October.[1] AKB48 member Minami Takahashi also visited Jakarta during the auditions to promote JKT48 among fans of AKB48.[7] Applicants did not have to be Indonesian citizens, but they must reside in the country.[8] Approximately 1,200 girls auditioned for the group, and 51 were selected to proceed to the second round. Finalists were judged based on their dance performance of "Heavy Rotation", from AKB48's single of the same name, and their performance of a song of their choice.[9] JKT48's 28 first generation members, ages 12–21, were selected on 2 November.[10] JKT48 made its first public appearance on 17 December on the live music program 100% Ampuh on Global TV and performed "Heavy Rotation", with lyrics translated into Indonesian.[5]

JKT48 Theater in fX Sudirman

As part of the concept of "idols you can meet every day", AKB48 performs daily at its theater in Akihabara.[11] The JKT48 management team aimed to accomplish this same principle and began scouting locations in Jakarta for the group's own theater in early 2012. An unoccupied site in the fX Sudirman shopping mall was selected as the theater's eventual location, and planning for its renovation began in April.[12] In the meantime, the first theater performances were held 17–20 May at a temporary stage in the Nyi Ageng Serang Building in Kuningan, Jakarta.[13] The official theater opened on 8 September for daily performances with a set list of 16 songs that have been translated into Indonesian. The theater has a seating capacity of 180 and standing room for 30, and its design is a close replica of the AKB48 Theater.[14]

JKT48 has also performed in Japan alongside other AKB48 sister groups. In its first performance in Japan, the group was a surprise guest at 2011 AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen and performed the Indonesian version of "Aitakatta".[15] It also performed alongside AKB48 and other sister groups at the 62nd NHK Kōhaku Uta Gassen with a total 210 members onstage.[16][17] It also participated in the 2012 AKB48 concerts at Saitama Super Arena and Tokyo Dome.[18][19]

Management began accepting applications for second generation members on 13 August 2012. Of the 4,500 applicants, approximately 200 were selected for interviews the following month. The pool was then narrowed down from 67 to 31 in a selection round held by RCTI.[20] All 31 finalists were eventually chosen as second generation members at a final audition on 3 November in Japan.[21] Additionally, AKB48 members Aki Takajō and Haruka Nakagawa, whose transfers to JKT48 were announced at the Tokyo Dome concert, officially began their activities with the group on 1 November and made their theater debut on 26 December.[22] Nakagawa became interested in Jakarta during a visit with other members of AKB48 earlier in February.[23]

2013–present: Major debut[edit]

JKT48 was scheduled to release its debut album in January 2013, but production was hampered because of flooding in Jakarta.[24] To celebrate the release, the group's management team had distributed 100,000 free CD singles. Each single featured an Indonesian version of one of four songs: "Heavy Rotation", "Kimi no Koto ga Suki Dakara", "Baby! Baby! Baby!", and "Ponytail to Shushu".[25] Members, some of whom were directly affected by the flooding, later held a charity event in order to raise funds for the city's relief efforts.[26] The debut album, titled Heavy Rotation, had a limited release at the JKT48 Theater on 16 February and went on sale in music stores nationwide on 2 March.[27] All previously released singles were included in the album.[25]

On 4 February 2014, JKT48 announced the names of 63 finalists that are vying to become JKT48 trainees in the third generation.[28][29] On 15 February, the group announced and performed its fifth single "Flying Get".[28] On 24 February 2014, Rina Chikano was transferred from AKB48 to JKT48, Aki Takajo and Rena Nozawa's concurrent positions were cancelled.

On 26 April 2014 JKT48 held its first Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranking members going to appear in JKT48's 6th Single, Gingham Check, released on 11 June 2014.[30] On 27 August 2014 the group released Kokoro no Placard, with Shania Junianthia taking the centre position for the first time, and Rina Chikano and Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth appearing in senbatsu for the first time.

First Generation member Rica Leyona graduated from the group on 7 December 2014 at the "Kokoro no Placard" handshake event, and the group's 8th Single, Kaze wa Fuiteiru was released on 24 December 2014.[31] On 20 February 2015, JKT48 held a collaboration concert with AKB48 in Jakarta. 15 members of AKB48 was sent to Jakarta for the concert, including Yui Yokoyama, Rie Kitahara and Asuka Kuramochi.[32] On 27 March 2015, JKT48 released its 9th single, Pareo wa Emerald. On 2 May 2015, JKT48 held its second Senbatsu Election, with the 16 ranking members are featured in the group's 10th single Kibōteki Refrain, Jessica Veranda replaced Melody Nurramdhani as the winner of JKT48's second Senbatsu Election.[33] On 26 August 2015, JKT48 released its 11th single, Halloween Night (song) the same day as AKB48's version of the song.

Members[edit]

Main article: Members of JKT48

There are 75 members in JKT48 split into three performing teams.[34] As members leave the group, their ranks are continuously replenished by trainees.[2] Team J contains 17 members (1 announced graduation); Team KIII contains 17 members; Team T contains 15 members (1 announcer graduation); 15 of whom were selected in the fourth generation auditions, 2 of which were promoted from second generation trainees. Its remaining member was transferred from the sister group AKB48. Team KIII is formed from 16 second generation members, while the trainees' team contains the five remaining second generation members and 32 3rd generation members

  • Team J: Ayana Shahab, Beby Chaesara Anadila, Dena Siti Rohyati, Frieska Anastasia Laksani, Gabriela Margareth Warouw, Ghaida Farisya, Jennifer Rachel Natasya, Jessica Vania Widjaja, Jessica Veranda Tanumihardja, Melody Nurramdhani Laksani (JKT48 General Manager), Nabilah Ratna Ayu Azalia, Sendy Ariani (announced graduation), Shania Junianatha (Captain), Shinta Naomi Prasetya, Sonia Natalia Winarto, Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth Frederik
  • Team KIII: Alicia Chanzia Ayu Kumaseh, Cindy Dea Yuvia, Della Delila, Devi Kinal Putri (Captain), Dwi Putri Bonita, Fakhiryani Harrya Shafariyanti, Lidya Maulida Djuhandar, Nadila Cindi Wantari, Natalia, Priscillia Sari Dewi, Ratu Vienny Fitrilya, Rina Chikano, Riskha Fairunissa, Rona Ariesta Anggreani, Saktia Oktapyani, Sinka Juliani Prasetya, Viviyona Apriani
  • Team T: Amanda Dwi Arista, Anindhita Rahma Cahyadi, Ayu Safira Oktaviani, Feni Fitriyanti, Fransisca Saraswati Puspa Dewi, Haruka Nakagawa (Captain) (Announced Graduation), Maria Genoveva Natalia Desy Purnamasari Gunawan, Michelle Christo Kusnadi, Nadhifa Salsabila, Ni Made Ayu Vania Aurellia, Shani Indira Natio, Shania Gracia, Stephanie Pricilla Indarto Putri, Syahfira Angela Nurhaliza, Yansen Indiani
  • Trainees: Adriani Elisabeth, Christi, Cindy Hapsari Maharani Pujiantoro Putri, Fidly Immanda Azzahra, Jinan Safa Safira, Made Devi Ranita Ningtara, Melati Putri Rahel Sesilia, Sri Lintang, Tan Zhi Hui Celine, Zahra Yuriva Dermawan
  • Trainee Candidates: Adhisty Zara, Chintya Hanindhitakirana Wirawan, Citra Ayu Pranajaya Wibrado, Diani Amalia Ramadhani, Elizabeth Gloria Setiawan, Eve Antoinette Ichwan, Gabryela Marcelina, Hasyakyla Utami Kusumawardhani, Helma Sonya, Nurhayati, Puti Nadhira Azalia, Regina Angelina, Rissanda Putri Tuarissa, Ruth Damayanti Sitanggang, Sania Julia Motoalu, Violeta Burhan

Starting on December 1, 2016, applies great shuffle announced on Handshake Festival Hanya Lihat Ke Depan, dated 11 September 2016, with division of the members as follows :

  • Team J: Della Delila, Dena Siti Rohyati, Devi Kinal Putri, Dwi Putri Bonita, Feni Fitriyanti, Gabriela Margareth Warouw, Ghaida Farisya, Haruka Nakagawa, Jessica Vania Widjaja, Jessica Veranda, Melody Nurramdhani Laksani, Michelle Christo Kusnadi, Nabilah Ratna Ayu Azalia, Nadhifa Salsabila, Priscillia Sari Dewi, Riskha Fairunissa, Saktia Oktapyani, Shania Junianatha (Captain), Sinka Juliani, Syahfira Angela Nurhaliza, Thalia Ivanka Elizabeth, Viviyona Apriani, Yansen Indiani
  • Team KIII: Amanda Dwi Arista, Anindhita Rahma Cahyadi, Alicia Chanzia, Ayana Shahab, Ayu Safira Oktaviani, Beby Chaesara Anadila, Cindy Yuvia, Fakhriyani Shafariyanti, Fransisca Saraswati Puspa Dewi, Frieska Anastasia Laksani, Jennifer Rachel Natasya, Lidya Maulida Djuhandar, Maria Genevova Desy Purnamasari Gunawan, Nadila Cindi Wantari, Natalia, Ni Made Ayu Vania Aurellia, Ratu Vienny Fitrilya (Captain), Rina Chikano, Rona Anggreani, Sendy Ariani, Shania Gracia, Shani Indira Natio, Shinta Naomi, Sonia Natalia, Stephanie Pricilla Indarto Putri
  • Team T : Adhisty Zara, Adriani Elisabeth, Christi, Cindy Hapsari, Elisabeth Gloria, Eve Antoinette Ichwan, Fidly Immanda Azzahra, Jinan Safa Safira, Made Devi Ranita Ningtara, Melati Putri, Melody Nurramdhani Laksani (Captain), Nurhayati, Puti Nadira Azalia, Regina Angelina, Ruth Damayanti Sitanggang, Sri Lintang, Tan Zhi Hui Celine, Violeta Burhan, Zahra Yuriva Dermawan
  • JKT48 Trainee : Chintya Haninditakirana, Citra Ayu Pranajaya Wibrado, Diani Amalia, Gabryela Marcelina, Hasyakyla Utami Kusumawardhani, Sania Julia Motoalu

Former members[edit]

1st Generation trainees: Allisa Astri, Fahira Al-Idrus, Intania Pratama Ilham, Siti Gayatri Abhirama, Ochi Rosdiana, Cleopatra Djapri

2nd Generation trainees: Althea Callista, Nurhalima Oktavianti, Olivia Shafira Robberecht, Annisa Athia Zainun Faqiha, Nadhifa Karimah, Dellia Erdita, Jennifer Hanna Sutiono

3rd Generation trainees: Pipit Ananda, Shaffa Nabila Kaleb, Milenia Christien Glory Goenawan, Kezia Putri Andinta, Zebi Magnolia Fawwaz, Anggie Putri Kurniasari, Rizka Khalila, Putri Farin Kartika, Triarona Kusuma, Indah Permata Sari, Alycia Ferryana, Farina Yogi Devani

4th Generation trainees: Jessica Berliana Ekawardani and Mega Suryani (both trainee candidates)

5th Generation trainees: Anggita Destiana Dewi, Helma Sonya and Rissanda Putri Tuarissa (all trainee candidates)

Team J: Alissa Galliamova, Diasta Priswarini, Sonya Pandarmawan, Stella Cornelia Winarto, Cindy Christina Gulla (dismissed), Rica Leyona, Delima Rizky (dismissed), Elaine Hartanto, Sofia Meifailani, Rezky Wiranti Dhike

Team KIII: Intar Maylica Putri Kariina, Octi Sevpin Cahyaning Ayu, Noella Sisterina, Novinta Dhini Soetopo, Thalia, Jennifer Hanna Sutiono

Team T: Andela Yuwono, Nina Hamidah, Grimonia Martha Graciela, Chikita Ravenska Mamesah

Discography[edit]

Image[edit]

A JKT48 member greets fans at an autograph event.

JKT48 is billed as a "unique idol group with Indonesian culture". Harris Thayeb, President Director of the group's promotional agent Dentsu Media Group Indonesia, believed the group's concept "will make our idols more down to earth, being always nice and able to be greeted anytime".[10] The group was seen as part of the "Cool Japan" brand adopted by the Japanese government to promote the country's culture around the world.[35] JKT48 held a joint concert with AKB48 at the Japan Pop Culture Festival on 25 February 2012 at Balai Kartini in Jakarta. The event was sponsored by the Embassy of Japan, the Japanese Agency for Cultural Affairs, and the Indonesian Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy. According to Junji Shimada, deputy to the Japanese ambassador, AKB48 was invited to perform because of its status as a Japanese pop icon, and the two sister groups represent the friendship between Japan and Indonesia.[36]

JKT48 appeared in television shows almost daily after its debut and in television advertisements by Japanese companies that intend to capture a share of the rapidly growing Indonesian market. Otsuka Pharmaceutical hired JKT48 to promote the company's Pocari Sweat beverages one month after the group's first members were announced. Sharp Corporation selected JKT48 to appear at the company's promotional events, and Yamaha Motor Company hired the group in order to promote its line of fuel efficient Mio J scooters to Indonesian teens.[35] Ezaki Glico also featured the group in its advertisements as part of an effort to grow sales in Indonesia to over Rp1 billion.[37]

Teenagers and single young men make up the largest portion of the JKT48 and AKB48 fan base. Furthermore, some believe JKT48's idol concept is not representative of Indonesian culture.[38]

Controversy[edit]

A source who called themselves JKT Bunshun (spoof of Shukan Bunshun)posted photos of Jessica Vania or Jeje and a few other JKT48 members including Devi Kinal Putri, Shania Junianatha, Rezky Wiranti Dhike, Sendy Ariani, Chikano Rina, and Rica Leyona in a birthday party for a friend of Jeje and also photos of Jeje with a man named Patrick. It shocked JKT48 fans who started to question the golden rule of JKT48 (members are not allowed to have boyfriends).[39][40] A fan even requested a hacker to hack her Twitter account.[41]

On October 24, 2014, Jeje apologized to fans in tears.[42]

Other supports[edit]

Not only fans of JKT48 who also support this idol group, the management media from domestic and overseas also support this idol group. As for supportive management are as follows:

As for management support from overseas or adoption of Indonesia are as follows:

Awards and Nominations[edit]

For a more comprehensive list, see List of awards and nominations received by JKT48.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Group members also use the backronym "Joyful, Kawaii, Try to be the best!" for JKT as their slogan.[43]
  2. ^ Original: "秋葉原でAKB48の劇場公演を見て、インドネシアでの新しいビジネスの可能性を感じた"

References[edit]

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b Oricon 2011.
  2. ^ a b Galbraith 2012, p. 202.
  3. ^ a b Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 1.
  4. ^ TalkAsia 2012.
  5. ^ a b Natalie 2011, JKT48: First Performance of Japan's "Heavy Rotation" & First Handshake Event.
  6. ^ Anime News Network 2011.
  7. ^ Asahi Shimbun 2011.
  8. ^ Mainichi Shimbun 2011.
  9. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012, p. 2.
  10. ^ a b The Japan Times 2011.
  11. ^ JKT48 Operation Team, Apa Itu AKB48.
  12. ^ Mr. Sunday 2012.
  13. ^ Ogino & Ohira 2012, p. 12.
  14. ^ Maruli 2012.
  15. ^ Natalie 2011, Yūko Ōshima Leads White Team to Victory in First AKB48 Kōhaku Taikō Uta Gassen.
  16. ^ Nihon Keizai Shimbun 2012.
  17. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun 2011.
  18. ^ Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda's Graduation and General Election Announced at AKB48's Final Day at Saitama Super Arena.
  19. ^ Natalie 2012, Atsuko Maeda Cries "My Entire Youth" at AKB48's Final Day at Tokyo Dome.
  20. ^ Tribun 2012.
  21. ^ Halo Jepang! 2012, Seluruh Finalis JKT48 Generasi 2 Lulus Seleksi.
  22. ^ Oricon 2012.
  23. ^ Mainichi Shimbun 2012.
  24. ^ JKT48 Operation Team 2013, Pengunduran Rilis CD Perdana JKT48.
  25. ^ a b Christian 2012.
  26. ^ Tobing 2013.
  27. ^ Hardian 2013, JKT48 Launches Heavy Rotation.
  28. ^ a b Afit. "JKT48 5th Single announced & will hold Sousenkyo for 6th single, 3rd Gen finalists revealed (and many more) • AKB48WrapUp". Akb48wrapup.com. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  29. ^ "3rd Generation". JKT48. Retrieved 18 February 2014. 
  30. ^ http://nihongogo.com/2014/04/jkt48s-1st-senbatsu-election-results/
  31. ^ http://www.jkt48stuff.com/2014/12/announcements-kokoplas-hs-festival/
  32. ^ "Daftar Member AKB48 Yang Akan Ke Jakarta". 
  33. ^ http://akb48-daily.blogspot.co.id/2015/05/jkt48s-2nd-senbatsu-election-results.html/
  34. ^ JKT48 Operation Team, Profil Anggota.
  35. ^ a b International Business Times 2012.
  36. ^ Burhani 2012.
  37. ^ Susilo 2013.
  38. ^ Halo Jepang! 2012, JKT48 Belum Mampu Tarik Minat Kalangan Dewasa.
  39. ^ Tersebar foto pacaran anggota JKT48 di medsos
  40. ^ Member JKT48 diguncang foto skandal berpacaran
  41. ^ Fans minta hacker retas Twitter Jessica Vania JKT48
  42. ^ Mengapa Jeje JKT48 minta maaf kepada fans sambil menangis?
  43. ^ Ogino & Ohira 2012, pp. 6–11.

Bibliography

  • Galbraith, Patrick W. (2012). "Idols: Desire in Japanese Consumer Capitalism". In Galbraith, Patrick W.; Karlin, Jason G. Idols and Celebrity in Japanese Media Culture. Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-29830-9. 
  • Ogino, Toshiyuki; Ohira, Akira (2012). Uchino, Emi; Kuriyama, Haruka; Iwasaki, Haruka, eds. Love JKT48: The 1st Official Guide Book. Jakarta: Dunia Otomotifindo Mediatama. ISBN 978-979-23-5755-4. 

News sources

Web sources

External links[edit]