The JL-3 (Chinese: 巨浪-3; pinyin: Jù Làng Sān; literally: 'Giant Wave 3' is a Chinese third-generation intercontinental-range submarine-launched ballistic missile (SLBM) in development. It will likely deploy on the Type 096, a predicted future class of Chinese ballistic missile submarine.
The missile is solid-fueled and has a reported range of 7,400 mi (11,900 km), thus able to reach all U.S. mainland targets. The JL-3 is expected to carry multiple independently targetable reentry vehicles—warheads capable of targeting numerous separate locations.
The first test flight occurred on 24 November 2018 in the Bohai Sea; it was likely a test of the launch tube's cold-launch ejection system. On 2 June 2019, U.S. intelligence agencies assessed another test off the coast of northern China to be a JL-3 missile.
- United States Department of Defense (May 2018). Annual Report To Congress: Military and Security Developments Involving the People’s Republic of China 2018 (PDF) (Report). p. 29. Retrieved 29 December 2018.
- Gertz, Bill (2019-06-13). "China Tests New Sub-Launched JL-3 Strategic Missile". Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved 2019-06-14.
- Shaikh, Shaan (21 December 2018). "China Flight Tests New JL-3 SLBM". Missile Threat. Center for Strategic and International Studies. Retrieved 29 December 2018.