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C56 160 on a steam special in February 2012
Class C56 is a type of 2-6-0 steam locomotive built by the Japanese Government Railways (JGR) from 1935 to 1939, and later operated by Japanese National Railways (JNR).
History [ edit ]
A total of 164 Class C56 locomotives were built between 1935 and 1939.
Locomotives C56 1 to 90 and 161 to 164 were sent to Asian countries occupied by Japan during World War II.
Preserved examples [ edit ]
A number of Class C56 locomotives are preserved in Japan and other Asian countries.
C56 160 is maintained in operating condition by  JR West for use on main line steam specials. 
C56 4: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 702) Preserved at Sai Yok Noi Waterfall, Kanchanaburi. 
C56 15: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 713) Preserved for haul the special steam train for show in River Kwai Festival at Kanchanaburi between late November and/or early December.  
C56 16: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 714) Preserved at Bangkok Railway Station. 
C56 17: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 715) Preserved for haul the special steam train for show in River Kwai Festival at Kanchanaburi between late November and/or early December. (The alternate locomotive if C56 15 out of service)  
C56 23: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 719) Preserved at River Kwai Bridge, Kanchanaburi  
: C56 31 Yūshūkan (SRT 725) Japanese military and war museum. Used in Burma and Thailand during the construction of the Death Railway and subsequently used in Thailand after the war. It was brought back to Japan in the 1970s.   
C56 36: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 728) Preserved at Lampang Railway Station. 
C56 41: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 733) Stored at Makkasan Depot, Bangkok. 
C56 44: (SRT 735) Preserved in operating on the Ōigawa Railway.  
C56 47: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 738) Preserved at Thai Film Archive, Salaya, Nakhon Pathom. 
C56 53: State Railway of Thailand. (SRT 744) Private property, near the Road 1269 in Chiang Mai 
C56 56: Burma Railway. (Burma Railway No. C-0522) Preserved at Death Railway Museum, Thanbyuzayat, Myanmar. 
C56 92: Preserved in front of Izumi Station in Kagoshima Prefecture. 
C56 94: Preserved in Nishi Park in Ōmachi, Nagano. 
C56 96: Preserved in Minamimaki, Nagano. 
C56 98: Preserved in the 19th Century Hall next to Torokko Saga Station in Kyoto. 
C56 99: Preserved at the Dacho Dream Eco Land in Satsumasendai, Kagoshima. 
C56 101: Preserved in a park in Saku, Nagano. 
C56 106: Preserved in a park in Fuchu, Hiroshima. 
C56 108: Preserved in Unnan, Shimane. 
C56 110: Preserved in a park in Soka, Saitama. 
C56 111: Preserved at an elementary school in Takarazuka, Hyōgo. 
C56 124: Preserved at a community centre in Azumino, Nagano. 
C56 126: Preserved at Kobuchizawa Elementary School in Hokuto, Yamanashi. 
C56 129: Preserved in a park in Iiyama, Nagano. 
C56 131: Preserved in Kita Park in Matsue, Shimane. 
C56 135: Preserved in a park in Kato, Hyogo. 
C56 139: Preserved at Yokohama Hommoku Freight Terminal on the Kanagawa Rinkai Railway in Yokohama, Kanagawa. 
C56 144: Preserved at Komoro Castle in Komoro, Nagano. 
C56 149: Preserved in front of Kiyosato Station in Hokuto, Yamanashi. 
C56 150: Preserved at the Hakuba Alps Autocamp site in Hakuba, Nagano. 
C56 160: Preserved in operating condition by JR West at Umekoji Steam Locomotive Museum. 
Preserved C56 23 in Thailand
C56 31 preserved inside the Yushukan Museum in Tokyo
C56 44 operating on the Oigawa Railway in August 2012
Preserved C56 92 in October 2012
Preserved C56 96 in August 2009
Preserved C56 101 in August 2015
Preserved C56 149 in August 2009
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
^ a b c d Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [ JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia] (in Japanese). Japan: Sankaido. p. 36-37. ISBN 4-381-10338-6.
^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [ JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 978-4863209282.
^ a b c d e f g h i j รถจักรและรถพ่วง พัฒนาการที่ยิ่งใหญ่ จากอดีตสู่ปัจจุบัน [ SRT Rolling Stock] (in Thai). Bangkok, Thailand: State Railway of Thailand. 2011. p. 27-29. ISBN 978-974-9848-99-9.
^ a b Rotfaithai.Com C56 Steam Locomotive Gallery
^ McNeill, David Building a bridge to forgiveness October 9, 2005 Retrieved March 17, 2016 The Japan Times
^ Simone, Gianni A trip around the Yushukan, Japan’s font of discord July 28, 2014 Retrieved March 16, 2016 The Japan Times
^ RailAsia blog
^ "The Death Railway Museum" on Travelfish website