JNR Class C57

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Class C57
JNR C57 180 20070818.jpg
C57 180 at Aizu Wakamatsu Station in 2007
Type and origin
Power type Steam
Builder Kawasaki Heavy Industries Rolling Stock Company, Kisha Seizō, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Hitachi
Build date 1937-1947,1953
Specifications
Configuration 4-6-2 Pacific
Gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Driver dia. 1,750 mm (5 ft 9 in)
Length 20,280 mm (66 ft 6 in)
Height 3,945 mm (12 ft 11.3 in)
Loco weight 67.50 t (66.43 long tons; 74.41 short tons)
Total weight 115.50 t (113.68 long tons; 127.32 short tons)
Fuel type Coal
Firebox:
 • Firegrate area
11.4 square metres (122.7 sq ft)
Boiler pressure 227.5 psi (1,569 kPa)
Superheater:
 • Heating area 41.4 square metres (445.6 sq ft)
Cylinders 2
Cylinder size 500 mm × 600 mm (20 in × 24 in)
Performance figures
Maximum speed 100 km/h (62 mph)
Power output:
 • Starting 1,290 PS (1,270 hp)
 • Continuous 1,040 PS (1,030 hp)
Tractive effort 12,820 kg (125.7 kN)
Factor of adh. 10,330 kg (101.3 kN)
Career
Retired December 1975 (Japan)
28 February 1983 (Taiwan)

The Class C57 (C57形?) is a type of 4-6-2 steam locomotive built in Japan from 1937 to 1947. A total of 201 Class C57 locomotives were built.[1][2] Another 14 Class C57 locomotives were built for export to Taiwan in 1942 and 1953.[citation needed]

The class was withdrawn from regular passenger workings in December 1975.[2]

Preserved examples[edit]

As of 2014, 32 Class C57 locomotives have been preserved in Japan, of which two, C57 1 and C57 180, are preserved in working order.[3]

In Taiwan, locomotive number CT273 is preserved in working order.[citation needed]

C57 1[edit]

C57 1 in service, November 2009

C57 1 is operated by JR West and based at Shimonoseki Depot.[3]

C57 180[edit]

C57 180 was restored to working order by JR East, and hauls special event trains on JR East lines mainly between Niigata, Aizu-Wakamatsu, and Kōriyama.

CT273[edit]

CT273 was imported to Taiwan in 1943 as C57 3, and renumbered CT273. It was withdrawn in 1983, and restored by the Taiwan Railway Administration in June 2014 in Hualien.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 38–41. ISBN 4-381-10338-6. 
  2. ^ a b JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue] (in Japanese). Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. p. 120. ISBN 9784863207271. 
  3. ^ a b Sasada, Masahiro (25 November 2014). 国鉄&JR保存車大全2015-2016 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide 2015-2016] (in Japanese). Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 128. ISBN 978-4863209282.