JNR Class ED76

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Class ED76
JR Kyushu ED76-70 Sleeping Express Naha.jpg
JR Kyushu ED76 70 on Naha sleeping car service, September 2006
Type and origin
Power type Electric
Builder Hitachi, Mitsubishi, Toshiba[1]
Build date 1965–1979
Total produced 139[1]
UIC classification Bo-2-Bo
Gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Bogies DT129, TR103D
Wheel diameter 1,120 mm (3 ft 8 in)
Length 17,400 mm (57 ft 1 in)
Width 2,805 mm (9 ft 2.4 in)
Locomotive weight 87.0 t
Electric system(s) 20 kV AC
Current collection
Overhead catenary
Traction motors MT52 x 4
Performance figures
Maximum speed 100 km/h (60 mph)
Power output 1,900 kW
Operator(s) JR Freight, JR Kyushu
Delivered 1965
Preserved 5
Disposition Still in service

The Class ED76 (ED76形?) is a Bo-2-Bo wheel arrangement AC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965, originally by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and later by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) and Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight).[2]


  • ED76-0
  • ED76-500
  • ED76-1000


94 class ED76-0 locomotives were built from 1965 to 1976 and numbered ED76 1 to ED76 94.[1]

As of 1 April 2013, the remaining fleet consists of seven locomotives, operated by JR Freight.[3]


22 class ED76-500 locomotives were built from 1968 for use in Hokkaido, numbered ED76 501 to ED76 522. These locomotives included larger water and fuel tanks for the train heating steam generator and had accordingly longer bodies. They were intended to be used in pairs, and featured cab gangway doors.[4]

ED76 514 was modified for used in the Seikan Tunnel and renumbered ED76 551.[1]

All ED76-500s except for the unique ED76 551 were withdrawn by 1994. ED76 551 was withdrawn in 2001.[4]


23 class ED76-1000 locomotives were built from 1970 to 1979 for express freight use and numbered ED76 1001 to ED76 1023.[1]

As of 1 April 2013, the remaining fleet consists of 15 locomotives, operated by JR Freight.[3]

Preserved examples[edit]

The following examples have been preserved.[5]

  • ED76 1: Kyushu Railway Heritage Museum, (cab end only, previously stored inside JR Kyushu Kokura Works, Kitakyushu)
  • ED76 91: Hita Tenryosui no Sato, Hita, Oita
  • ED76 505: Mikasa Railway Village, Mikasa, Hokkaido
  • ED76 509: Otaru Transport Museum, Otaru, Hokkaido
  • ED76 1006: JR Freight Moji Depot (stored for training purposes)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. p. p.148–149. ISBN 4-381-10338-6. 
  2. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 45. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  3. ^ a b JR気動車客車編成表 2013 [JR DMU & Coaching Stock Formations - 2013]. Japan: JRR. 30 June 2013. p. 143. ISBN 978-4-330-37813-8. 
  4. ^ a b JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. pp. 56–59. ISBN 9784863207271. 
  5. ^ Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 126. ISBN 978-4863206175.