JNR Class ED76

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Class ED76
JR Kyushu ED76-70 Sleeping Express Naha.jpg
JR Kyushu ED76 70 on Naha sleeping car service in September 2006
Type and origin
Power type Electric
Builder Hitachi, Mitsubishi, Toshiba[1]
Build date 1965–1979
Total produced 139[1]
 • AAR Bo-2-Bo
 • UIC Bo'2Bo'
Gauge 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)
Bogies DT129, TR103D
Wheel diameter 1,120 mm (3 ft 8 in)
Length 17,400 mm (57 ft 1 in)
Width 2,805 mm (9 ft 2.4 in)
Loco weight 87.0 t
Electric system/s 20 kV AC
Current pickup(s) Overhead catenary
Traction motors MT52 x 4
Performance figures
Maximum speed 100 km/h (60 mph)
Power output 1,900 kW
Number in class 10 (as of 1 April 2016)
Delivered 1965
Preserved 5
Disposition Operational

The Class ED76 (ED76形) is a Bo-2-Bo wheel arrangement AC electric locomotive type operated on passenger and freight services in Japan since 1965, originally by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and later by Hokkaido Railway Company (JR Hokkaido), Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) and Japan Freight Railway Company (JR Freight).[2] As of 1 April 2016, just 10 locomotives remained in service, all operated by JR Freight.[3]


  • ED76-0
  • ED76-500
  • ED76-1000


94 class ED76-0 locomotives were built from 1965 to 1976 and numbered ED76 1 to ED76 94.[1]

As of 1 April 2016, the remaining fleet consists of two locomotives, ED76 81 and ED76 83, operated by JR Freight.[4]


22 class ED76-500 locomotives were built from 1968 for use in Hokkaido, numbered ED76 501 to ED76 522. These locomotives included larger water and fuel tanks for the train heating steam generator and had accordingly longer bodies. They were intended to be used in pairs, and featured cab gangway doors.[5]

ED76 514 was modified for used in the Seikan Tunnel and renumbered ED76 551.[1]

All ED76-500s except for the unique ED76 551 were withdrawn by 1994. ED76 551 was withdrawn in 2001.[5]


23 class ED76-1000 locomotives were built from 1970 to 1979 for express freight use and numbered ED76 1001 to ED76 1023.[1]

As of 1 April 2016, the remaining fleet consists of eight locomotives, operated by JR Freight.[4]

Preserved examples[edit]

The following examples have been preserved.[6]

  • ED76 1: Kyushu Railway Heritage Museum, (cab end only, previously stored inside JR Kyushu Kokura Works, Kitakyushu)
  • ED76 91: Hita Tenryosui no Sato, Hita, Oita
  • ED76 505: Mikasa Railway Village, Mikasa, Hokkaido
  • ED76 509: Otaru Transport Museum, Otaru, Hokkaido
  • ED76 1006: JR Freight Moji Depot (stored for training purposes)


The ED76 classification for this locomotive type is explained below.

  • E: Electric locomotive
  • D: Four driving axles
  • 7x: AC locomotive with maximum speed exceeding 85 km/h (55 mph)


  1. ^ a b c d e Inoue, Kōichi (1999). 国鉄機関車辞典 [JNR Locomotive Encyclopedia]. Japan: Sankaido. pp. 148–149. ISBN 4-381-10338-6. 
  2. ^ JR全車輌ハンドブック2009 [JR Rolling Stock Handbook 2009]. Japan: Neko Publishing. 2009. p. 45. ISBN 978-4-7770-0836-0. 
  3. ^ Miyahara, Masakazu, ed. (December 2016). 国鉄最終章LAST (鉄道ジャーナル2017年2月号別冊) [JNR - The Final Chapter (Railway Journal February 2017 Extra issue)] (in Japanese). Japan: Railway Journal. p. 31. ASIN B01N59AJPB. ISSN 0288-2337. 
  4. ^ a b Shibata, Togo (August 2016). 最新JR貨物の電気機関車と話題の貨物列車 [Latest: JR Freight electric locomotives and popular freight trains]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 45 no. 388. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. p. 33. 
  5. ^ a b JR機関車カタログ [JR Locomotive Catalogue]. Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. 20 June 2013. pp. 56–59. ISBN 9784863207271. 
  6. ^ Sasada, Masahiro (September 2012). 国鉄&JR保存車大全 [JNR & JR Preserved Rolling Stock Complete Guide]. Tokyo, Japan: Ikaros Publications Ltd. p. 126. ISBN 978-4863206175.