Japan Freight Railway Company

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Japan Freight Railway Company
Native name
日本貨物鉄道株式会社
Public KK
Predecessor Japanese National Railways (JNR)
Founded April 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)
Headquarters 5-33-8, Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan
Services freight services
other related services
Owner Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (100%)
Number of employees
6,661 (as of April 1, 2010)[1]
Website www.jrfreight.co.jp

Japan Freight Railway Company (日本貨物鉄道株式会社, Nihon Kamotsu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha), or JR Freight (JR貨物, Jeiāru Kamotsu), is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It provides transportation of cargo nationwide. Its headquarters are in Shibuya, Tokyo near Shinjuku Station.[1]

The Japan Railways Group was founded on April 1, 1987, when Japanese National Railways (JNR) was privatized, and then divided into six regional companies and Japan Freight Railway Company. Although the passenger operation of JNR was split into six companies, fares and regulations are standard for all companies and every region of Japan except Okinawa is covered by the railway network spanning approximately 19,800 kilometres (12,300 mi).

Formerly part of JNR, the freight operation was not divided and became a single separate company when JNR was privatized and split. Although it has only about fifty kilometers of track of its own, it also operates on track owned by the JR passenger railways and other companies. The company uses the initials JRF as an abbreviated name for identification.

Economics[edit]

In 2017, only about 5% of freight is carried by rail in Japan (99% of which is carried by JR Freight).[2] Trucks carry about 50% and ships about 44%.[2] JR Freight has seen its share of the freight market gradually decrease since 1993.[citation needed] In the 2010s JR Freight has been carrying more freight because of the decrease in the number of available truck drivers due to age as well as government policy to reduce carbon dioxide.[2] JR Freight has run a deficit for many years. [3]

Lines[edit]

Umeda Freight Terminal in Osaka in June 2011

While major part of the operation of JR Freight is on the tracks owned and maintained by other JR companies, JR Freight owns the railway lines (as Category-1 railway business) as follows:

Line Endpoints Locale
(Prefecture)
Distance
(km)
Hokuriku Main Line Tsuruga Station - Tsuruga-Minato Freight Terminal Fukui 2.7
Kagoshima Main Line Mojikō Station - Sotohama Freight Terminal Fukuoka 0.9
Chihaya Yard - Fukuoka Freight Terminal Fukuoka 2.2
Kansai Main Line Yokkaichi Station - Shiohama Station Mie 3.3
Hirano Station - Kudara Freight Terminal Osaka 1.4
Nippō Main Line Obase-Nishikōdai-mae Station - Kandakō Freight Terminal Fukuoka 4.6
Ōu Main Line Tsuchizaki Station - Akitakō Freight Terminal Akita 1.8
Senseki Line Rikuzen-Yamashita Station - Ishinomakikō Freight Terminal Miyagi 1.8
Shin'etsu Main Line Kami-Nuttari Junction - Nuttari Freight Terminal Niigata 1.8
Kami-Nuttari Junction - Higashi-Niigatakō Freight Terminal Niigata 3.8
Shinminato Line Nōmachi Station - Takaoka Freight Terminal Toyama 1.9
Tohoku Main Line Tabata Freight Terminal - Kita-Ōji Freight Terminal Tokyo 4.0
Tōkaidō Main Line Sannō Junction - Nagoya-Minato Freight Terminal Aichi 6.2
Suita Junction - Osaka Freight Terminal Osaka 8.7
Uetsu Main Line Sakata Station - Sakatakō Freight Terminal Yamagata 2.7

Rolling stock[edit]

As of 1 March 2017, JR Freight owns and operates the following rolling stock:[4]

Diesel locomotives[edit]

Electric locomotives[edit]

Electric multiple units[edit]

Former rolling stock[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Japan Freight Railway Company. "Corporate Overview". Retrieved November 16, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c "Japan firms shifting to trains to move freight amid dearth of new truckers". The Japan Times Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017. 
  3. ^ WISETJINDAWAT, W.; et al. (2015). "Rare Mode Choice in Freight Transport: Modal Shift from Road to Rail". Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 11: 774–787. doi:10.11175/easts.11.774. 
  4. ^ JR貨物 機関車配置表 [JR Freight locomotive allocation list]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 400. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. August 2017. p. 42. 

External links[edit]