Japan Freight Railway Company
|Predecessor||Japanese National Railways (JNR)|
|Founded||April 1, 1987 (privatization of JNR)|
|Headquarters||5-33-8, Sendagaya, Shibuya, Tokyo, Japan|
other related services
|Owner||Japan Railway Construction, Transport and Technology Agency (100%)|
Number of employees
|6,661 (as of April 1, 2010)|
Japan Freight Railway Company (日本貨物鉄道株式会社 Nihon Kamotsu Tetsudō Kabushiki-gaisha), or JR Freight (JR貨物 Jeiāru Kamotsu), is one of the constituent companies of Japan Railways Group (JR Group). It provides transportation of cargo nationwide. Its headquarters are in Shibuya, Tokyo near Shinjuku Station.
The Japan Railways Group was founded on April 1, 1987, when Japanese National Railways (JNR) was privatized, and then divided into six regional companies and Japan Freight Railway Company. Although the passenger operation of JNR was split into six companies, fares and regulations are standard for all companies and every region of Japan except Okinawa is covered by the railway network spanning approximately 19,800 kilometres (12,300 mi).
Formerly part of JNR, the freight operation was not divided and became a single separate company when JNR was privatized and split. Although it has only about fifty kilometers of track of its own, it also operates on track owned by the JR passenger railways and other companies. The company uses the initials JRF as an abbreviated name for identification.
In 2017, only about 5% of freight is carried by rail in Japan (99% of which is carried by JR Freight). Trucks carry about 50% and ships about 44%. JR Freight has seen its share of the freight market gradually decrease since 1993. In the 2010s JR Freight has been carrying more freight because of the decrease in the number of available truck drivers due to age as well as government policy to reduce carbon dioxide. JR Freight has run a deficit for many years. 
While major part of the operation of JR Freight is on the tracks owned and maintained by other JR companies, JR Freight owns the railway lines (as Category-1 railway business) as follows:
- JNR Class DD51 B-2-B diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JNR Class DE10 B-C diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JNR Class DE11 B-C diesel-hydraulic locomotives
- JR Freight Class DB500 B diesel-hydraulic locomotive
- JR Freight Class DD200 Bo-Bo diesel-electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class DF200 Bo-Bo-Bo diesel-electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class HD300 Bo-Bo, hybrid diesel-battery locomotives
- JNR Class EF64 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF65 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF66 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF67 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class ED76 Bo-2-Bo AC electric locomotives
- JNR Class EF81 Bo-Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF200 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF210 Bo-Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH200 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EF510 Bo-Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH500 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo AC/DC electric locomotives
- JR Freight Class EH800 Bo-Bo+Bo-Bo AC electric locomotives
Electric multiple units
Former rolling stock
- JNR Class ED62 Bo-1-Bo DC electric locomotives
- JNR Class ED75 Bo-Bo AC electric locomotives
- JNR Class ED79 Bo-Bo AC electric locomotives
- Japan Freight Railway Company. "Corporate Overview". Retrieved November 16, 2011.
- "Japan firms shifting to trains to move freight amid dearth of new truckers". The Japan Times Online. 17 January 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2017.
- WISETJINDAWAT, W.; et al. (2015). "Rare Mode Choice in Freight Transport: Modal Shift from Road to Rail". Journal of the Eastern Asia Society for Transportation Studies. 11: 774–787. doi:10.11175/easts.11.774.
- JR貨物 機関車配置表 [JR Freight locomotive allocation list]. Tetsudo Daiya Joho Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 46 no. 400. Japan: Kotsu Shimbun. August 2017. p. 42.
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|past: Japanese Government Railways | Japanese National Railways | JNR Settlement Corporation|
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|See also||Shinkansen - Railway Museum - Modern Transportation Museum - SCMaglev and Railway Park - SoftBank Telecom|