JR Freight Class EF510
JR East EF510-501 and JR Freight EF510-1, May 2010
The Class EF510 (EF510形) is a Bo-Bo-Bo wheel arrangement multi-voltage AC/DC electric locomotive type operated by JR Freight and East Japan Railway Company (JR East) in Japan since 2002. As of 1 April 2016[update], the fleet consists of 38 locomotives (23 EF510-0s and 15 EF510-500s), all based at Toyama Depot.
- EF510-0: Locomotives EF510-1 – built from 2001 for JR Freight
- EF510-500: Locomotives EF510-501 – 515, built 2009–2010 originally for JR East
The class is subdivided into the original EF510-0 sub-class operated by JR Freight and fifteen EF510-500 sub-class locomotives ordered and originally operated on passenger services by JR East. As of 1 October 2013, there were 23 EF510-0 locomotives and 15 EF510-500 locomotives in service.
The first locomotive, EF510-1, was delivered in February 2002 and initially based at Shin-Tsurumi Depot before being transferred to Toyama Depot in 2002. The first full-production locomotive, EF510-2, was delivered in November 2003, and this and subsequent locomotives delivered featured "Red Thunder" bodyside branding.
The EF510-500 subclass consists of 15 locomotives originally operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East), which replaced its fleet of EF81 locomotives formerly used to haul Cassiopeia and Hokutosei overnight sleeping car trains from June 2010.
These were the first locomotives to be ordered by any of the JR passenger operating companies since privatization. The new locomotives cost around 400 million yen each. The first locomotive, EF510-501, was delivered from the Kawasaki Heavy Industries factory in Hyogo Prefecture on 18 December 2009, arriving at Tabata Depot in Tokyo on 19 December. Livery was blue with gold lining and shooting star logo.
Two of the fifteen locomotives (EF510-509 and EF510-510) were painted in a dedicated colour scheme of silver with blue, purple, red, orange, and yellow stripes, to match the Cassiopeia rolling stock.
The first locomotive, EF510-501, entered service on 25 June 2010.
From the start of the revised timetable in March 2013, Joban Line freight duties operated by JR East EF510-500 locomotives were operated instead by JR Freight Class EH500 locomotives, and locomotive numbers EF510-501 to 508 and 511 became surplus to requirements. These nine locomotives were subsequently sold to JR Freight in July 2013. Locomotives EF510-512, 513, and 515 were also transferred to JR Freight in December 2015.
|Number||Delivered||Livery||Transfer to JR Freight|
|EF510-501||25 December 2009||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-502||26 January 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-503||20 April 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-504||7 May 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-505||19 May 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-506||2 June 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-507||15 June 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-508||25 June 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-509||9 July 2010||■ Cassiopeia silver||March 2016|
|EF510-510||22 July 2010||■ Cassiopeia silver||March 2016|
|EF510-511||6 August 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||July 2013|
|EF510-512||27 August 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||December 2015|
|EF510-513||10 September 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||December 2015|
|EF510-514||20 October 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||February 2016|
|EF510-515||8 October 2010||■ Hokutosei blue||December 2015|
The EF510 classification for this locomotive type is explained below.
- E: Electric locomotive
- F: Six driving axles
- 510: AC/DC locomotive with AC motors
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- 新型電気機関車「ＥＦ５１０形」導入へ ＪＲ東日本 [JR East to introduce Class EF510]. Sankei News (in Japanese). Japan: The Sankei Shimbun & Sankei Digital. 2 December 2008. Archived from the original on 10 February 2009. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- "JR東 寝台特急用の電気機関車を新製" [JR East to build new electric locomotives for sleeping car trains]. Tetsudo.com (in Japanese). Japan: Asahi Interactive, Inc. 5 December 2008. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
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- Natori, Noriyuki (3 March 2010). ＥＦ510形500番代を正式発表 [EF510-500 officially announced]. Hobidas (in Japanese). Neko Publishing. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- EF510 500番代による〈カシオペア〉牽引開始 [Start of EF510-500 haulage for Cassiopeia services]. Hobidas (in Japanese). Neko Publishing. 25 June 2010. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
- さらば田端運転所の客貨両用運用 [End of Tabata Depot Passenger/Freight Duties]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 53 no. 627. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. July 2013. pp. 69–71.
- JRグループ車両のデータバンク2013上半期 [JR Group Rolling Stock Databank - 2013 1st half]. Japan Railfan Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 54 no. 634. Japan: Koyusha Co., Ltd. February 2014. p. 210.
- JR車両のうごき [JR rolling stock changes]. Tetsudō Daiya Jōhō Magazine (in Japanese). Vol. 45 no. 383. Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. March 2016. p. 127.
- Ishido, Ryota (March 2013). EF510-500パーフェクトガイド [EF510-500 Complete Guide]. Rail Magazine (in Japanese). No. 354. Japan: Neko Publishing Co., Ltd. p. 75.
- JR気動車客車編成表 2016 [JR DMU & Coaching Stock Formations - 2016] (in Japanese). Japan: Kotsu Shimbunsha. 22 June 2016. p. 128. ISBN 978-4-330-69016-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to JR Freight EF510.|
- Profile on Kawasaki Heavy Industries website (in Japanese)